Water Pollution: The Effect On Human Health

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Water pollution: The Effect on human health:
In 21st century, humanity is facing a major challenge of a water quality issue. The main group includes aquatic contaminants and their effects on human health. Approach to improve pollution of fresh water resources.

Many of the major problems that are related to water quality and water quantity issues are facing by humanity in the twenty-first century
1) These problems are to be more provoked in the future by changing climate that results in higher water temperatures, melting of glaciers, and an strengthening of the water cycle
2) With more floods and droughts
3) With respect to human health, the most direct and most rigorous impact is the lack of improved cleanliness, and related to it is the lack
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Because numerous reviews have appeared recently that cover the various aspects of waterborne diseases in a inclusive way. More eminence is placed on chemical pollution. More than one-third of Earth’s existing renewable freshwater is consumptively used for agricultural, industrial, and domestic purposes
5) As most of these activities lead to water contamination with diverse synthetic and geogenic natural chemicals, it comes as no surprise that chemical pollution of natural water has become a major public concern in almost all parts of the world. In fact, a recent Gallup poll taken in 2009 revealed that pollution of drinking water is the primary U.S. environmental concern.
6) Chemical water pollutants can be divided into two categories, the relatively small number of macropollutants, which typically occur at the milligram per liter level and include nutrients such as nitrogen
7) and phosphorous species
8) as well as natural organic
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They include the following:

Waterborne Diseases: Waterborne diseases are arise from the contamination of water by human and animal body excretions infected by pathogenic viruses or bacteria, They are directly transmitted when the water is consumed or used for food preparations. Examples of waterborne diseases include cholera, typhoid, and cryptosporidiosis.

Water-deprivation Diseases: Water-Privation diseases which are affected by the quantity of water. The disease is spread through infected person contact or through contact with infected materials. Poor personal hygiene is a common factor leading to water-privation diseases.

Diseases Based on Water: In water-based diseases, water provides the habitat for intermediate host organisms in which parasites are able to pass part of their life cycle and later their infective larval forms in water are passed on the humans.

Diseases Related to water: In water-related diseases in which water provides a home for insects. Examples of these types of diseases include malaria, dengue and yellow

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