Pyelonephritis is a kidney infection of a causative agent such as bacteria called Escherichia coli (E. coli). Transmission is due to poor hygiene or an untreated urinary tract infection (UTI). A basic description of pyelonephritis is inflammation of the kidneys due to an infection of the renal pelvis and is sometimes asymptomatic. This infection can destroy the structures of the kidney such as the loop of Henle, nephrons, and corpuscles all important for the kidney to concentrate urine. Antibiotics are used for treatment, however it depends on the causative agent.
Cholera Cholera is an infection of the intestines by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The infection that can cause excessive passing of watery stools (diarrhea), vomiting, and other symptoms, often leading . Cholera can lead to severe dehydration. Dehydration is when you lose more fluids from your body than you take in. This can be life-threatening.
Generally those regions belong to South Asia, Central America, Africa and Southeast Asia. This arsenic contamination provides a multiple layered threat to further contamination on food chain. With crops, the contamination of arsenic is through intake from the soil itself and then compounded with contaminated water that is used for irrigation. When it reaches the population, in arsenic contaminated region, the threat is also increased not only from the crops but also from contaminated water used for drinking and cooking
Water pollution is a very prevalent problem throughout the world. It affects ecosystems, deters the natural food chain, and can cause disease in both animals and humans. But is water pollution affecting natural lakes and ponds in local areas? In this experiment, Daphnia magna will be used in a bioassay to find if water from local areas is habitable for aquatic organisms. Daphnia magna are small freshwater invertebrate organisms.
It can be caused by a number of factors such as : Gastroenteritis - this is typically acquired from food or water that has been contaminated by faeces or directly from another infected person. This causes infectious diarrhoea and the infectious agents can be bacteria, viruses or parasites. Common causative bacterial agents are Escherichia coli, Vibrio cholerae, Shigella dysenteriae and Clostridium difficile. Food allergies or food intolerance such as lactose intolerance. An adverse reaction to medication such as penicillin, antacids and laxatives.
However, it could have serious consequences occur if spread inflammation of the urinary tract and kidneys. In my report I will talk about: • Definition • Symptoms • Causes • Risk factors • Prevention Definition: According to Mayo Clinic, a urinary tract infection generally develops when bacteria enter the urinary tract and begin multiplying. The most common urinary tract infections
A study conducted by Marti et al (2013) found that the spread of antibacterial resistance genes came from wastewater treatment plant contaminants into the environment. Antibacterial genes were found more prevalent in downstream samples compared to upstream samples of bacterial communities. Antibiotic resistant genes have contaminated the public source water through the water supply system that allows antibiotics to thrive in the environment. To understand the mechanisms behind ARG, Cirz et al (2005) tested how inhibiting the pathway of a protease will affect E coli to gain resistance. Their findings showed that by inhibiting the mutation, it could be one of the possible ways of preventing bacteria from becoming resistant in the environment.
Environmental pollution is a waste material of energy which is consists of water, land, air, soil, noise and light. Environmental pollution is acute or chronic harm of ecological balance or that lowers the quality of life. Water pollution affects the entire biosphere, plants and organisms living in these bodies of water. The main objective of the study to identify the causes of environmental pollution, to study the impact of water pollution on human health Moreover, the study will put light on the awareness level of peoples and put policy measures for the reduction of the water pollution. The expected outcome of the study will be to identify the environmental change and its impact on health of local peoples in the rural areas of Charsadda.
B. Freshwater shortage will cause the next great global crisis. C. Today, I would like to talk to you first about why water shortage will create a global crisis; second, how we can cope with water scarcity; and finally, how we can help preserve fresh water. II. BODY A. “Water is the driving force of all nature” Leonardo da Vinci claimed.