The water shortage is not restricted to Maharashtra alone. The arid regions of Karnataka, Telangana and Bundelkhand are also facing the similar crisis. Our political system is showing historic myopia to deal with the problem. Q: Apart from the government apathy, what are the other reasons for this
Although most of the earth's surface is covered with water, water shortage is a serious threat to the survival of humanity at present and in future. There is a water crisis which faces many parts of the world and it is a threat to survival of human beings since humans are primarily dependent on water. Shortage in drinking water is a major problem facing developing countries which have not taken drastic steps to harvest water and purify it to make it safe for human consumption. However, this problem is also being increasingly felt in developed countries where the population growth has strained available water resources and stretched the ability of governments and private firms to provide safe drinking water to the population. There are many conflicts around the world where people have died or have been injured as a result of clashes over a water resource.
9. SCENARIO ANALYSIS 9.1. Water Scarcity Definition According to ‘global environmental outlook 2000’ from United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, many African countries will face water stress or water scarcity in the coming decades (UNECA, 1999). Water stress is defined as less than 1700 m3/capita of water annually and water scarcity as having less than 1000 m3/capita of water annually. In order to devise appropriate management alternative, weather the scarcity is related to the resource availability or due to lack of limited development of water supply infrastructure should first be defined in any water management decision support alternative.
Water is essential to every living thing on our planet. However, in the next 10 years water shortages will be part of reality for everyone due to poor conservation efforts. Backflow preventers have already helped limit the pollution of potable water in communities, but more needs to be done. These backflow preventer are essential to conserving water, but communities need focus on other ways of limiting the pollution of waterways. Once water conservation gains more momentum, cloud seeding can be used as a means of reducing droughts and making the essential resource of water readily available to the rest of the world.
There are approximately sixty five percent of water resources in the world are concentrated in nearly 10 countries. However, the account foe forty percent of the whole population in the world in eighty countries are in the Latin America and North America. But in Africa, Asia, and Europe, these areas are with lower water source, especially the Middle East. This is a district which is in water shortage. The main water source of Middle East’s is the Jordan River which is run through the Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Palestine.
Northern China faces serious water shortage, where water resources have been overexploited for a long time, rivers became dried, the underground water was over exploited, and the river ecology and environment became deteriorated (Lu et al，2014; Deng & Zhao, 2014). The water scarcity is partly because of the falling supply, but even more because of the rising water demand from different sectors. Since agriculture is the main
2. Unfortunately for our planet, supplies of water are running dry at an alarming rate. The world’s population continues to soar; but, that rise in numbers has not been matched by an increase in supplies of fresh water. Let’s talk about what is going on around the world; I will mention to you just a few major cities, and show you how they are dealing with water shortage. B. Robin Mackie, science editor of the British newspaper “The Guardian”, states in his article “Why Fresh Water Shortages Will Cause the Next Global Crisis” : 1.
Scarcity Food shortage is a problem now the whole world has been facing. Developing economies like Maldives face more problems of food shortage than the developed economies or nations. To solve this problem, we have to think about the scarcity, over population, population explosion, why population explore in developing countries and also the resources development in developing countries. All economic questions and problems arise from scarcity. So, first of all we need to know what scarcity means.
Without water, crops cannot grow, and without crops there is no food. A country that cannot feed its citizens is not economically viable a significant part of the population is underpinned by scarcity. Yemen, and for example, a few years ago the Haraz Mountains in Yemen received nearly 150 tourists a day, but this is no longer tenable at present due to water scarcity. The entire region used to be green and lush but now, it is just a dry and barren landscape as a result of droughts and the decline in water (Glass,
From the above data, it can be observed that industry is the largest consumer of water. Such large scale industrial use of water raises serious problems of water quality. Raw sewage coming from domestic sources has crossed the acceptable safe limits for both drinking and bathing, making water quality the key issue in water consumption. While water scarcity and shortage are perennial problems in most developed countries, industrially advanced nations can afford to buy water and find a way out through use of very costly energy and technology investments. They can even resort to generate fresh water from sea water by desalination methods.