Water Shortage In The Philippines Case Study

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CHAPTER I
Background of the Study Water is very essential to humans. Safe water becomes scarcer due to the increasing demands, water consumption of human and environmental pollution and pollutants that originated from human activities and industrialization. Seven hundred fifty million people around the world lack access to safe water. Contaminated water, inadequate drinking water, and hand hygiene causes diarrhea, estimated eight hundred forty-two thousand people every year or two thousand three hundred per day are killed because of diarrhea. (World Health Organization,) In the Philippines, its water supply obtains from different sources like rainfall, surface water resources and ground water resources and has eighteen major river basins and four hundred twenty-one principal river basins according to the National Water Regulatory Board (NWRB). Theoretically, the water supply in this country is sufficient for its agricultural, industrial, and domestic uses because it is surrounded by the bodies of water and has a high rate of precipitation. (Greenpeace Southeast Asia, 2007) Waste water is used water containing human waste, oils, soaps and chemical such as heavy metals and also one of the reasons of water shortage in the Philippines. Rapid industrialization of countries caused
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The turbidity level of contaminated water without chitosan is the basis of the experiment. The extraction and application of chitosan was tested on Adamson University Technology Research and Development Center (AUTRDC) using Flameless Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (FAAS). Also, in this study as the volume of chitosan applied on the contaminated water increases, the turbidity level of the water also increases. It means that more pollutants can be precipitated by chitosan and therefore showed that chitosan is a good precipitating agent in contaminated

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