Water Wastage Case Study

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1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Problem definition
Water is one of the most vital elements in human life. The accessibility of water has been an essential prerequisite for the development of settlements and civilizations. Over centuries, water pumping mechanisms have developed from aqueduct systems to motorized pumping systems. Due to the escalating scarcity of pure water, along with technology, further developments are made to water pumping mechanisms to avoid water wastage.
During the past decade or so, automation systems were scarcely implemented for day to day activities. One such everyday activity is pumping water to reserve tanks. Before automation systems were integrated with the traditional water pumping mechanisms, it required manpower to keep a constant watch over the tank to avoid water wastage when the water overflows. Moreover, inability to manage water level may lead to unfavourable circumstances such as water pollutions and flooding the area. Even current automation systems, for water pumping, that have been implemented so far require a constant watch over the tanks and the system itself. These systems are ill-advised due to the workload of a modern man. Leaving the systems unattended and without any stoppage mechanisms many develop faults in the long run. In addition, the system may be susceptible to overheating, constant replacement of part that would be costly for its users. Therefore, developing a robust automated water pumping mechanism with no water wastage and manpower is vital for everyday life.
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