Waterfalls In Iceland

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Iceland is an Island located in the Northern and the Western hemisphere. It’s absolute location is 64.96° North and 19.02° West. Iceland is in the Northern part of the Atlantic ocean and just below the Arctic circle. It is still part of Europe but is 645 miles away. North West of Iceland is the strait of Denmark, to the North East if the greenland sea, and to the East is the is the Norwegian sea. There are many different landforms in iceland that have formed over a long period of time. There are mountains and mountain ranges made from volcanoes. There are also rivers that make beautiful waterfalls. There is a giant plateau in iceland that is 2000 feet high. Also iceland has many volcanoes. These geographic features make iceland interesting…show more content…
One of these waterfalls is the Dettifoss waterfall. The Dettifoss is one of the Jokulsa a Fjollum river which flows from Vatnajokull glacier. This waterfall is 330 feet wide and drops 144 feet. The Dettifoss is known as one of the most powerful waterfalls in all of Europe. Even though the Dettifoss is the most powerful waterfall in iceland, it is not the biggest. The biggest waterfall in iceland is Gullfoss falls. Gullfoss falls is on the Hvita river and is one of the biggest tourist attraction in iceland. It has two drops and altogether the waterfall drops 242 feet. On the second drop the water goes into a valley and then flows out to the ocean. Most of the rivers are affected by the plateau in…show more content…
Iceland has so many that it is one of the most volcanic places on earth. There have been more than 150 eruptions since the 9th century. Most of the types of eruptions of fissure eruptions. Theses eruptions are when there is a crack in the earth and gas, lava, and ashes are sprayed everywhere. One of the biggest volcanoes in iceland is Kalta. Kalta is located in southern iceland just below the Myrdalsjokull glacier. It has erupted twenty times since the 9th century and is still active. These eruptions have affected where the people live. It is risky to live near the volcanoes in case of eruptions.
Iceland has a cold climate. In iceland there are cool summers and very cold winters. The average temperature in the summer is 55° or 75° on warmer days. The average winter temperature in the lowlands is 32°. The average temperature in the highlands is 14°. The Southern part of iceland is a lot warmer because of the gulf stream. The winds off of the stream are very warm making the Southern part of iceland warmer. This makes the South have a marine west coast climate. Since the winds don’t reach the North, the North has a tundra

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