Sediment erosion can affect coral reefs and oyster beds causing even more deaths. They also cause erosion on land, destroying most animal’s habitats and even leaving some islands underwater. Forests become destroyed and force animals to relocate, if they were able to survive the hurricane.
These things really are happening in the world, its called ocean pollution. Because of this marine life is constantly dying, innocent fish are mistaking plastic for food and becoming sick, and eventually all that plastic will kill everything beautiful in the ocean . Ocean pollution does not only kill marine life, but it is also is killing birds and coral reefs. Would you like
Trash, Trash, Everywhere! Text By: Ashley Atkinson Edited By: Hannah Hunter and Jesse Lewis The life of your plastic water bottle can go way further than just the trash can. Our ocean is so polluted by our actions and carelessness that even us humans are being affected, sea animals, and surrounding animals are all being greatly influenced by the polluted waters. Our ocean is extremely polluted with plastics and other trash that humans have put in there. Specifically, 80% of the pollution that’s in the ocean, is because of us.
A quote from Captain Charles Moore says, “Only we humans make waste that nature can’t digest.” This is completely true. Causes of ocean pollution vary, but the most commonly known are sewage, chemical run-off, land run-off, oil spills, ocean mining, and littering. Pollution can enter directly into the ocean by sewage ways. This is often how harmful substances from mining sites come to be in the ocean. Chemicals from industries and agricultural sites can run-off into the ocean.
Oil spills cause many different issues to animals, food chains, and people. We need to help prevent oil spills. Oil spills have many effects on all kinds of animals. Oil destroys important features on animals. The NOAA states, “Oil destroys the insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals, such as sea otters, and the water repellency of a bird 's feathers, thus exposing these creatures to the harsh elements,” (https://oceanservice.noaa.gov).
Examples of negative local practices are the usage of poison/explosives and overfishing. Overfishing as the name suggests, is fishing a certain fish to an excess amount, decimating the population. This could put multiple organisms’ populations at risk and populations may possibly go extinct. Another practice that negatively impacts the ocean is the usage of poison and explosives. Obviously, the poison that is used in fishing (mainly cyanide) is harmful for the ocean because it may poison other fish over the years.
Water bottles, a major controversy in the world of recycling and on the other hand litter. Do you know what happens in our oceans and world when plastic is thrown out or littered? There are many dangerous and harmful effects when this happens. Water bottles are creating a pile of trash in the ocean and on land, and to top it all off we’re the ones who started and created this disaster. I think that plastic water bottles should be banned because it’s pricey and expensive to the economy and to the public, they are lethal to animals, and plastic water bottles are polluting our environment.
Moreover, the total amount of toxins and debris discharged by human beings is incredibly increasing in today 's world. Most of the waste produced on land is either intentionally or unconsciously discharged into the oceans. Marine pollution and aquatic debris can utterly destroy the oceans causing extinction of the marine creatures. Innovative techniques should be implemented in the law to prevent the marine environment from any further damage. In order to improve the marine environment, the government and the Environment Public Authority of Kuwait should take immediate actions that can influence the society and help in minimizing aquatic debris and pollution.
While researching about how pollution affects sea turtles, we faced some issues on finding different types of pollution. As most people know, the plastic waste that is being dumped into the oceans and onto the beaches is becoming a main food source for sea turtles. When sea turtles see this trash, they consume the plastic causing death or severe sickness which has caused this species to become endangered. They also get tangled with the plastic in the ocean restricting them from normal movement and function. During our research, we found that there are more types of pollution affecting sea turtles than just plastic waste in the ocean.
It is also ruining the amazing marine biodiversity that South Africa has. Pollution not only comes from industrial sector such as oil companies, but also from littering and sewage. Plastic pollution is one of the types of pollution that effect the marine environment. It is impossible to give an accurate estimation of the amount of plastic that is being polluted into the ocean. However, in 1975 the global fishing fleet alone dumped approximately 135 400 tons of plastic fishing gear and 23 600 tons of synthetic packaging materials
All that oil spread throughout the ocean causing a lack of sunlight to penetrate through the water deep making it hard for plants to grow and or prosper. Plus it was affecting the wildlife as well mostly having an effect on the birds. The oil would stick to their feathers causing it hard to fl and get away from their predators plus the oil would get into their face causing problems for the bird. Than in the Pacific Ocean there is a belt all along the Pacific Ocean called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. This is caused by currents pushing all the debris out to see from, rivers, streams, harbors, storm drains, etc.
Overfishing is certainly an environmental issue because it affects the planets ecosystem due to human interference. One example of this is when a marine species is exploited, other species are also affected directly. According to the article, ‘Global Consequences of Overfishing’ states that, “...recent studies suggest that overfishing of large shark species has had a ripple effect in the shark 's food chain, increasing the number of species, such as rays, that are usual prey for large sharks, which result in declining stocks of smaller fish and shellfish favored by these species” It is also important to mention that overfishing often leads to the killing of other animals unintentionally. This is called bycatching. Some marine species that are affected by bycatching are juvenile fish, bottom feeding organisms, sharks, whales, sea turtles, and birds.
This includes 86% sea turtles species and 44% of all sea birds species. Plastic pollution has impacted them with fatalities such as ingestion, starvation, suffocation and infections. Water bottle company 's shouldn 't take the blame for the pollution. I think that the people who litter and throw away their rubbish in the oceans are responsible for it. People who litter are harming the ocean and making it dirty that has cause a lot of animals to die.