Nearly all of Japan’s 128 million people speak and write Japanese (Gottlieb, 2008), and in the past, Japan has been a mainly homogenous society. This suggests that the recognition of a national language has always been unnecessary. However, after the colonization commission of Hokkaido (Shibatani, 1990), the Japanese heavily enforced use of the Japanese language; given that Hokkaido had effectively become a Japanese island. Language policy in Japan is piecemeal in the sense that there is no overarching document which takes into consideration the national language, minority or community languages such as Ainu and the nature of strategically important foreign language learning within the same policy framework (Gottlieb, 2008). This indicates that the reason for the lack of measures implemented for Ainu language protection is because there was no initial legal framework which identified the Ainu as a separate indigenous and ethnic community.
Probably, such peculiarities of Japanese culture can be associated with common in this region of Confucianism, which has formed tendency to traditionalism. The main purpose of Japanese communication style is the process of understanding each other 's. From interlocutors it is expected that they will show an intuitive sensitivity to values between words. In Japanese culture politeness and sociability demonstrate rather the avoidance of direct and long eye contact (Kaji, 2000; Lyutteryogann, 2005). Japanese people pay a great attention to politeness and respect, prefer silence and quietly listen to the interlocutor, carefully respond to the proposals of the partner.
The principle effectively aids Japan in achieving relatively high homogeneity socially and possibly economically, preventing the Japanese Nationality or identity that was ‘built’ to not be easily threatened by sudden or high influx of immigrants. Today, there still exists visible evidence of resistance from the public and the government to having and welcoming immigrants in Japan. This attitude towards immigrants may be interpreted as a form of social collective behaviour, indicating that Japan is leaning towards a more homogenous society, one that is resistant to the great diversity of people and would still prefer to maintain a kind of status
For example, most of international companies based in Tokyo use English as a communication language; moreover some Japanese traditional companies who are doing business globally use written English to communicate with their international business partners. However, economic development and modernization can’t assure gender equality. In the past, most of the surveys in occupational stereotypes have been done outside of Japan, mainly the countries where the English is a first language, as a result,
Gender Language in Japan The study of language and gender has had a big impact on Japanese ideology. The use of Japanese language in Japan include, how the language reveals attitudes towards gender and how people use the language by speaking and writing in ways that reflect gender. In Japan for instance, gender differences in Japanese language used to be very recognizable, but recently the language has become more gender natural as the language evolved. The status of women equality struggle to prove they are just as hard working and loyal as men in Japan. Also it makes the women’s movement more complex when there is a division between men and women’s language.
Japan has been mainly influenced by three different belief systems including Shintoism, where its effect can be seen through the traditions and politics of Japan; Buddhism, whose effect is shown throughout Japan’s celebrations and social activities; and Confucianism, which made effects on the daily lifestyle and education of Japan. Although these three belief systems all have greatly influenced Japan in multiple ways, however, Shintoism’s impact on Japan is the most evident. Shintoism’s influence on Japan is clearly shown throughout the political system and traditional pastime and activities of Japan. Shintoism is a belief system that is originated in Japan. Unlike most belief systems, Shintoism lacks religious texts and spiritual authority.
Religion in Japan is difficult to define because, like most religions, so many factors go into the makeup of the Japanese religiousness. Shinto, Buddhism and Christianity are the three main religions in Japan. Folk religions and New Developed Religions also play an influential role in the makeup of Japanese religiousness. One of the reasons it is so difficult to separate out a dominant religion in Japan is because of syncretism. Syncretism is the process of simultaneous practice of multiple religions.
Thineash John When looking through the Japanese newspaper, I see some cultural differences. One differences is that the japan are holding enormous amounts of respect to each other. In the Chinese culture people are sensitive to another persons needs. This is a characteristic that unfortunately has fallen most in Canada places. Another cultural difference is Japanese politics.
For me who have endless passion of culture and desire to improve my cognition of Japan, The world of Japanese contemporary culture program is a great opportunity to get more knowledge of Japan through lectures and useful extra-class activities consisting of field trips and home visit program. Not only it is my interest, but does it bring me the advantage which will be helpful for my future career. It can be seen that Japan also shares several common traits to Vietnam as both countries have influences of China for long time. However, in comparison with Vietnam, the development of Japan is many times higher than. The core factor which makes the difference is human.