Weapons Of Mass Destruction And Disarmament: One Of The Toughest Challenges For The World

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Weapons of mass destruction and disarmament form one of the toughest challenges for the world today. One of the most dangerous weapons on the earth are nuclear weapons. A whole city can be destroyed, millions can be killed and there can be long term effects. The world still hasn’t forgot the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in World War 2, 1945. Even though nuclear weapons have been used only twice until now, the fear of large scale mass destruction still looms as 2000 nuclear tests have been conducted till now. The best solution for this fear is disarmament. A world free of nuclear weapons is what we need to implement for the sake of humanity. However, achieving this goal is not that easy. Disarmament remains only an aspiration despite a longstanding taboo against using nuclear weapons. The efforts to restrain the destructive effects of nuclear weapons began in the late 1940s. The 1950s and early 1960s saw U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower’s Atoms for Peace initiative, the creation of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the development of IAEA safeguards, and the expansion of the peaceful use of nuclear energy. However, two more countries exploded nuclear devices by 1964, and concern heightened that the spread of nuclear technology for peaceful purposes could not be divorced from the proliferation of nuclear weapons. In March of 1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy described a world where as many as 25 states possessed nuclear weapons as “the greatest possible

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