Ancient Egypt: The Cradle of Civilization Did you know that the land of Ancient Egypt was once split into two separate kingdoms? The Egyptians invented aerodynamics, geometry, bowling and many other things we use in our daily lives. There are over 700 gods and goddesses in their religious belief.
First of all, the Nile River was invaluable for growing crops. In the middle of the desert, the Nile River flowed directly through Egypt, making the land fertile for farming. Every year, the river would flood the plains and fill irrigation ditches with water for crops. In fact, the Egyptian calendar was based off of the river’s flood cycle. According to Document B, floods washed the fields during the season of akhet, fertilizing the soil with a “new batch of rich silt” (Document B).
Agriculture allowed people to settle in one place and it was a key point for society's survival. The rivers of both civilizations provided water for fertile crops, unlike Mesopotamia, Egypt was fortunate enough to have a river that flooded the surrounding banks and leaving a rich soil for agriculture (the Gift of Nile). Mesopotamia flooded was unpredictable and sometimes chaotic, they had to struggle to irrigate their agricultural land. Although Mesopotamia began as a combination of city-states, it soon became a powerful main state, with remembrance to monarchy. Egypt had a Pharaoh, a transmitted position from father to son, establishing long-lasting dynasties.
Ancient Egypt is considered to be one of the world’s greatest advanced early civilizations. They made remarkable progress in many areas that are crucial for a society to thrive. Religion, the Nile River, and architecture each played a role in Egypt's remarkable past. Religion played a significant role in the lives of the people who once lived in the kingdom of Ancient Egypt. To start with, in the early civilization they would practice Polytheism.
3000 BCE: Cuneiform (History) In Ancient Mesopotamia, the Sumerians developed the earliest standardized writing system: Cuneiform. Small marks were made with a pointed, wedge-shaped stylus on clay tablets, and were used to recorded business transactions. (Style) In its early forms, Cuneiform was written in columns from top to bottom. As many of the symbols were reoriented on their sides, the writing direction also turned to rows from left to right.
The rivers that these civilizations were built around directly impacted the way they viewed their gods. The Nile was a very strong and reliable river. It flooded annually blessing the Ancient Egyptians with a richer agriculture then Ancient Mesopotamians. (pg 17) Because of this the Egyptians viewed their gods as reliable beings who wanted to help them.
Mesopotamia inventions changed this world. These are some of them. Like the pottery wheel. “Making pottery on a wheel instead of by hand probably began there well before 4000 b.ce”. The people of babylon first put potter on a wheel and advanced pottery forever.
What are some differences between classical civilizations and river valley civilizations? The River Valley Civilizations founded houses, made the first written language and the first animistic religions. They developed writing, law, city planning, architecture, trade, and money. The laid the foundation for social classes, the institution of slavery, and the first monotheistic religion (Jews in the Middle East).
Hence forth, the Ancient Egyptians have contributed drastically to our modern day life. It is impossible to ignore the impact they have done to our daily lives. The Ancient Egyptians taught us everything from inventions, math, writing, medicine, religion, sports and music. Now, think to yourselves, would life have been different without all these needs? And maybe you may realize and appreciate what the Ancient Egyptians have done for
Ancient Civilizations Egypt, Mesopotamia, and India are some of the early civilizations, that helped to shape the world as we know it. Each ancient civilization had many contributions to society. Some would include irrigation, grid like house system, and written languages. Ancient Egypt is one of the most common ancient civilizations. We all know them for the pyramid but that 's not all that they achieved.
Moving on, Persian civilization became significant when one of the Persian kings, Cyrus II, began conquest of the Asia Minor in 550 B.C. Years later, the Persian Empire becomes an immensely dominant and powerful civilization due to its conquests. One of the achievements of the Persians was maintaining a vast empire which would require a vast
In ancient times, approximately 10,000 years ago, the Neolithic revolution arose and farming/agricultural societies replaced the savage-like hunter gatherer societies. This jump in technological advancements in such a small period of time was a monumental triumph for humanity as a whole, and this upward trend only continued to progress as time went on. The rise of agricultural societies was also extremely essential to the evolution of humanity because without it we would not have made advances in writing, technology, and allowed for the creation of specialized workers which have all shaped our modern lifestyle. Writing is an extremely important asset to human existence.
The beliefs and religion of the Sumerians and Egyptians lead to stable conditions for civilizations. The Sumerians were polytheistic, people believing in many gods. There has been over 3,000 gods and goddesses identified. For Sumerians, the most prominent building in the city was the temple. Ziggurats are massive towers dedicated to the chief god or goddess of their city which also stored surplus of food.
Babylon’s thick walls and strong gates were not able to keep the Persians. In 539 B.C.,Babylon and the rest of Mesopotamia fell under control of the Persian empire. Within a few decades, the Persian empire became the largest in the world,so far. Cyrus the Great Persia formed to the east of Mesopotamia, in what is now Iran.