Cuneiform was a system of writing created in Mesopotamia around 3,000 BCE. Scribes used a reed to make “wedge shaped” indentations on a clay tablet. Cuneiform started as way of keeping track of business transactions but was later used to create alphabets for the languages spoken in Ancient Mesopotamia. The Code of Hammurabi (discussed later) was written in cuneiform.
Over a thousand years ago in the Mesoamerica region the culture that we know as Maya thrived. They had an amazement and intrigued fascination over the technical mastery of their intellectual studies. The Mayan’s history is rich with remarkable human achievements, as well as stories. Some of their most recognizable masterpieces are the Mayan trade network, building Cities, the Mayan number system, and the Mayan calendar.
Ancient Egypt was ruled by a person called a Pharaoh. These Pharaohs were like kings and emperors. The Pharaoh in ancient Egypt was the political and religious leader of the people. They were about 170 pharaohs and they ruled from 3150BCE to about 31BCE. Out of 170 pharaohs, they were a few of them who stand out because of their accomplishment.
Throughout history, Egypt was one of the greatest societies for many reasons. The Egyptian society lasted from 3100 BCE to 30 BCE. It was ruled by multiple pharaohs, one of the most important being Queen Hatshepsut as she was the first female pharaoh in Ancient Egypt. In addition, the geography of the region helped the Egyptian people immensely as the Nile River provided a way of transportation improved soil conditions. Lastly, their architectural advancements made their society great as it created a way of spiritual life for all people.
The plow was another invention, it was pulled by oxen. The plows broke through soil to prepare it for farming. They sumerians created a system of metrology, which resulted to creation of arithmetic, geometry, and algebra. The Sumerians practiced by writing the multiplication table on a tablet and dealt with geometrical and division problems and exercises. They used these math skills to keep track of building projects.
Finally, Math's and science are also one of the achievements the Maya's accomplished. The importance of science and calendar calculations in Mayan society required mathematics and the Maya constructed quite early a very advanced number system. The Maya produced a vast array of structures, and have left an extensive architectural legacy. " Based on its architectural remains, Maya civilization ranks as in of the great preindustrial cultures of the world. "(Document
Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two early human civilizations that lived during the bronze age in harsh desert environments located not far from each other. Both civilizations were built around rivers that they depended on for survival. There is evidence that these rivers had great influence on both the societies politics and culture. Egypt was built around the very strong and reliable Nile River. Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Mankind has seen the rise and fall of many prominent civilizations throughout human history, but the most influential civilization to all of human history were the Ancient Egyptians. The civilization of Ancient Egypt thrived throughout the Nile River from 3300 BC to around 300 B.C. when Alexander the Great conquered it. Throughout these 3000 years, the Ancient Egyptians contributed various inventions and knowledge that is still used today. Ancient Egyptians contributed mathematics, astronomy, medicine, astronomy, and the invention of various inventions that are seen in our everyday lives. These inventions include glass, paper, ink, clocks, and even calenders; these inventions would, of course, be innovated as time went on to the ones that we
With the rivers located just by ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, both civilizations’ culture depended on agriculture, and were formed around agricultural communities which supplied them with food. In Egypt, the annual flooding of the Nile contributed to their development in agriculture, while Mesopotamians depended on the Euphrates river, which was less dependable than the Nile because of its unpredictable flooding. The flooding of the two rivers in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia left a fertile layer of soil, making it easier to plant crops and allowing both communities to depend on their rivers for
China’s writing was called calligraphy and Egypt’s writing was called hieroglyphics. Even though they were located on different continents, amazingly both China and Egypt found similar ways to start their civilizations. Although differences existed in the goods they produced, what their writing was called, and how they ruled, the similarities between these civilizations were many. One big difference is that the Chinese civilization still exists
They were the first people to use the irrigation system. That is why in Mesopotamia they had a surplus of crops. In Egypt they did a lot of mining. They found things like gold and turned it into jewelry. In India they did a lot of engineering.
Mesopotamian Achievements Mesopotamia, a large stretch of land found in what is now Iraq was once a breeding ground for innovation. The people of this region had very little guidance in the building of this land. A factor that would challenge them would eventually become their greatest characteristic.
Hence forth, the Ancient Egyptians have contributed drastically to our modern day life. It is impossible to ignore the impact they have done to our daily lives. The Ancient Egyptians taught us everything from inventions, math, writing, medicine, religion, sports and music. Now, think to yourselves, would life have been different without all these needs? And maybe you may realize and appreciate what the Ancient Egyptians have done for
All ancient numeral systems are unique at the hand of their culture and time period. Some numeral systems have adapted from each other, or originated from another civilization but they all have something in common. Whether its their originality, or their base, or just a rule they use, they are all similar. In this paper I will research and summarize three different ancient numeral systems. The Babylonian, Roman and Mayan numeral systems.
The Sumer region was in Mesopotamia, which is now the current Iraq. This area is very famous due to writing which was the cuneiform script on the clay tablets. The systematic record keeping, the plow, which was the agricultural development. Social and economic organization was also a well known factor, followed by, units of time which was the division of a day into 24 hours as well as one hour into 60 minutes. Also, mainly because of the settlement that took place there.