Western Cordillera Topography

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The western cordillera region has different elevation, physical features, and vegetation than the other physical regions in Canada. It is characterized by its large range of mountains that form the Continental Divide, rivers, valleys, plateaus, and its grand forests. The vegetation in the Western Cordillera Region greatly varies from each mountain side. At a higher elevation, trees become smaller and more sparse. Numerous types of evergreens such as the Douglas Fir and western red cedar are present on the windward slopes. Grasses and cacti grow on the leeward slopes in the dry valleys. The western cordillera region consists of many mountains. The rivers on the west flow into the Pacific Ocean, while the rivers on the east drain into the Arctic Ocean or Hudson Bay.

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Although the weather differs from north to south, all areas receive a large amount of precipitation. Heavily influenced by the Pacific Ocean, winters are severe and summers are moderate. Further south, there is less precipitation than up north. All year round, the temperature is often low.

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