Western Management Style

836 Words4 Pages
Chinese versus Western Styles of Project Management
GENG Yiming 54257474
Abstract: One soil nurtures one culture. Cultural differences will inevitably lead to differences in management. Facing their various production environments, social background and development objectives, management thought and practices will produce different results in each country, forming their corresponding management theory and management models and methods.
Keywords: management differences; cultural root; China; West
1 Introduction
Over the past five decades, the Western business areas firmly established the career of the project management, while China has not been affected in this regard until the economic reforms. Since the 1980s, the Western project management
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Pant et al. found that matrix organizational structure in Nepal was not as useful as in Western countries, because the management teams in Nepal have serious bureaucracy. England described the very successful management rule in Japan, Z theory, had been constrained in the US application.
Easterby-Smith et al. concluded that the Chinese people concerning on "guanxi", gregarious and face limited the adoption of Western human resource management system in China.

Based on similar studies described above, we discussed hereinafter, due to the existing significant differences in Chinese and Western culture, the realization of project management practices from Chinese and Western project managers is probably different. Now, seven theoretical arguments on how the cultural differences affect the project managers have been summarized.
2 Theoretical arguments
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In China of communitarianism, solidarity, sharing and allocation of responsibilities are promoted; being friendly to each other in the group, loyalty to the organization, are good performances; the relationship between the upper and lower levels is more spiritual. In the individualistic West, people appear as individuals, focusing on individual freedom and preferences; the relationship between the upper and lower levels is mostly based on contract.

This affects the relationship between the project managers and their teams. The West has strong project management targeted tasks, so the project team is temporarily component to accomplish a specific task; the relationships are subordinated to tasks. For the Chinese project managers, by contrast, the relationships of friendly cooperation between team members determine whether they can successful complete the task. Therefore:

Relative to the task, the Chinese project manager will spend more effort to establish and maintain personal relationships between members of the project
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