To further affect the empire, European powers chose an Ottoman strength and turned it into a weak point. Europeans monopolized trade with India and China and set high prices of goods sold in the empire, which greatly affected Ottoman trade and caused inflation in their economy. Moreover, the British, French, and Greek forces combined and were ready to fully take control over Thrace and Constantinople. The location of Constantinople was very significant to the Ottoman trade. In addition, Constantinople was very important to the Europeans as it was such a strong and important city during the Roman Empire.
The Ming empire faced internal issues that were similar to the Ottomans and Mughals, that caused major shifts in their government, economy, and ultimately their society. One of the biggest factors influencing this shift was the inflation of silver. The Ming emperor uses Spanish silver for their military expenses, and his subjects use it to pay their taxes. Due to this overuse and lack of steady supply, the price of silver went up. In Doc 4, Charles Mann explains that due to this inflation, the government ran out of money.
The Sugar Act had affected the colonies in different ways. To start, there was a shortage of rum, due to the taxation and shortage of sugar (“Sugar Act”). The Sugar Act was passed during an economic depression in the colonies, where most of the colonist’s money was spent on providing food and housing for the British soldiers. The colonists assumed the new tax program to be the cause of their economic problems. Protests and requests for the act’s repeal sprang up immediately (“Greenville’s Sugar
However, in 1773, the East India Company noticed that there was an overproduction of tea and its prices surely would decline (“The Third Imperial Crisis”). Tea was one of the, if not the, most valuable asset to many members in Parliament. Britain was forced to impose a new Tea tax on the colonists, which was aimed to keep the price of tea high. Even this act was reasonable in the eyes of the British, but to the colonists, this was just a British way of assuring dominance considering it was now for profit rather than to pay off debts. The response to the Tea Acts was the Boston Tea Party of 1773 (“The Third Imperial Crisis”).
England brought China to their knees as a result of England’s powerful navy fleet and military defenses. These wars left China with the Treaty of Nanking, which the Chinese called, “unequal treaties”. It was also an important factor that led to the Taiping Rebellion. The Taiping Rebellion continued from 1851 to 1864. This rebellion also took the lives of many Chinese.
The war between Britain and France caused Britain to be deeply in debt and demanded tax from the colonies. They put taxes on things such as paper, sugar, and even tea, which angered the colonist because they were not will to pay tax without representation in the government. These events ultimately caused the colonist to revolt against the British monarchy and declare its independence. A revolution is a radical change in society and its social structure. The American Revolution was revolutionary because it transformed America politically and socially; however, life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness weren’t necessarily improved for the all people in this revolution.
There where many factors that led China to political unification in contrast to India. One factor is, dynasties such as the Zhou Dynasty who kept the same political system as its predecessors, where India had changed many things and continued to change political and social systems. India was very fragmented in political unification because, India was and still is a land of diversity. Ancient India was also not as organized as Ancient China in ruling. When the Zhou kingdom had started to end and break apart into many powerful states a “relativity young state of Qin located in the original homeland of the Zhou, emerged as a key player in conflicts”(p. 78) that would eventually bring down the Zhou Dynasty and give way to the Qin Dynasty where it was ruled with ruthless efficiency(p.79).
The night rider movement started in the 1900s, cotton prices were dropping and it was becoming harder and harder to continue making a living selling cotton. When cotton prices became as low as 10 cents per pound, poorer responded with vicious retaliation. A group of masked,
Mao’s rise to power was a result of favourable conditions resulting from both the failures of the Nationalist party (GMD) and the various successes of the Communist party (CCP). Before Mao was able to consolidate his power over China in 1949, he first had to become solitary leader of the CCP party which he accomplished through his effective use of propaganda, ideology, policies and use of force. Prior to this, China had been led by incompetent leaders and as a result of their actions, it experienced a weakness of political system, impact of war and various economic factors. Towards the beginning of the 20th century, the Qing dynasty which had ruled China for nearly two millennia, was on the verge of collapse. After the fall of the empire
From missionaries who were attacked by the Boxers, to word of mouth stories passed down from the peasants involved, to Chinese higher ups, who rejected the movement as well as those who supported it, these accounts have biases to them that should be taken into account. A common link between the historians’ theories on the Boxers are that they were heavily motivated by anti-foreign sentiment. In Hu Sheng’s book, From the Opium War to the May Fourth Movement, the Chinese “suffered from an increasingly large amount of foreign imports, notably textiles, that destroyed the natural economy of the villages, bankrupted the native handicraft industry, and made life miserable for the peasant and other laboring masses.” I agree with Victor Purcell, who attempted to tie the different perspectives together and concluded that the Boxer Uprising was an anti-foreign and anti-Christianity movement, starting off as an anti-Qing uprising, then coming to support it later. This view is evident in the records of Boxer leaders pronouncing their desire to “restore the Ming dynasty!” and to “Kill the foreign devils!” and later taking on a more nationalistic approach, saying that they want to support the Qing empire by expelling the foreigners and their ideas. (Purcell
Many immigrants found shelter in the tightly packed urban areas causing conditions to plummet. Also, many immigrants needed jobs. These immigrants were willing to work for lesser pay than their citizen counterparts. All this lead to the increase in poverty on both sides, along with the anger of the American citizens. The citizens started blaming the immigrants for the economic depression of that time.
The regions of the Middle East and China experienced many shortcomings and lost much in the areas of stability, security, and influence. The culture and society of Asia was moreover sewn together by the Mongols’ conquest and with this new empire and the nations which were under its reign were subject its many failing and critical flaws (Abu-Lughod 207). While much infamy and fear surrounded this vast Asian empire, its rule for time it had existed provided stability and set up routes towards other regions of the world, enabling the flow of international commerce. The lasting societal effects of the Mongol empire however, meant as the reign of the Mongol empire waned and dwindled, Asia in its entirety had become isolated and cut off from the much needed commerce and capital it needed to remain as capable competitor in international markets. The society of China suffered especially, having relied on the Mongol empire’s stability as its position as practically a protectorate, this massive nation’s position, influence, and wealth plummeted (Abu-Lughod 211).
The British were in massive debt following the French and Indian war, therefore they placed taxes on the colonists in order to regenerate some of that money lost. The Sugar Act of 1764 taxed the sale of molasses in hopes to gain some lost money, but this act led the people of Boston to boycott the molasses industry. The Stamp Act of 1765 shortly followed, making colonists buy a stamp with every paper product. The rage the colonists felt over the passing of this act, led the colonies to begin to unify as they together boycotted the trade industry. The Townshend Duties of 1767 imposed taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea, but this only led to the colonist to again boycott the trade of those items and start newspaper attack.
No because overall around 58.73 million people died from famines caused by the exportation of the good indians grew themselves( doc.7). They also made it hard for Indians to grow food after the British left as said in document 6. So the british did create laws against killing but they also created laws that killed millions and degraded the land. And so