Western Schism Effects

1380 Words6 Pages
The Great Western Schism (1378-1417): its causes and consequences The life, death and resurrection of Jesus as seen in the Bible are where the Christian churches have come to find their founding vision. They have found this especially in the New Testament. However, the church has a history of being affected by a lot of different movements and changes throughout the decades. As a new generation comes along it also brings something new to the way faith is practiced. In history, the church has had to deal with a lot of movements; these movements have led to mayhem within the church. Many movements happened because of the changes that occur in society; the church has had to adapt to these changes to last in a society which is constantly evolving.…show more content…
It is said in Salembier (1912) “The Western Schism was a misunderstanding and it was because of politics”. The following essay will go on to discuss the causes of the Great Western Schism (1378-1417) and the consequences after the Western Christian world was divided due to this Schism. How the Great Western Schism began The Great Western Schism began when the Christendom was divided initially between two popes and then eventually by three popes. Papacy was ruled by the Kings of France from1309 to 1377 and the papal court was located in the city of Avignon in France. Pope Gregory XI returned to Rome in 1377 to find the city in great turmoil. Because of this he planned on moving back to Avignon but this did not happen because he died in 1378. 16 cardinals then met on April the 7th, just a month later after Pope Gregory XI’s death. During this time the population of Rome demanded the new pope to be a Roman pope or at least for him to be Italian. The population howled ‘”Death to the French that terrified cardinals (three Italians, one…show more content…
In 1409 the Council of Pisa was made to resolve the split but instead it only brought in a third pope which mad things worse. The Council of Constance was created too in order to end the Schism. It was created on November the 5th 1410. However, this council did end the schism by the election of Cardinal Odo Colonna whom took the name Martin V. The council represented all Christians and the universal church. Six delegates and 23 cardinals met together in the conclave and they were from five different nations which were: England, Spain, France, Italy and Germany. This created a few changes in the church; the pope now was a constitutional ruler rather than an absolute monarch. A pope could be got rid of if he did not match the standards that was expected of him by the community of the faithful. The community of the faithful was given more power because they did not want another pope causing great destruction to the church again in the future. So he was given less power to prevent another schism occurring like
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