In the article “The Hunger for Indian Land in Andrew Jackson’s America” written by Anthony F. C. Wallace, the treatment of Indian tribes and land in the Jacksonian Era is discussed. This purpose of the article is to explain the reason for Indian removal that occurred under Andrew Jackson’s presidency. The thesis of this article is that Americans kicked the natives off of their land to expand America's cotton industry. In Wallace’s first point he explains Andrew Jackson's reasons for removing the Indians from their lands were for his personal interest rather than for the good of the people. Jackson was looking at land that was in Northern Alabama and was seen as a “prospectively lucrative site for agricultural development” (Wallace).
For some, it was destiny to move west. Although there were many conflicts and disagreements between ourselves and others, it was destiny to move west because of overpopulation, new inventions of transportation methods, and new opportunities. In the 19th Century, overpopulation was one of the major reasons for Westward Expansion. Immigrants were flooding into America for new opportunities and new ways of life and there was just not enough land to suffice the needs for all of the people. These immigrants were arriving in America in the port cities on the East Coast.
The Trail of Tears left by the Cherokee Indians “Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.” -― Martin Luther King Jr The Trail of Tears helped the Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion lead to the Civil War in many ways. The Trail of Tears caused more tension to rise in the United States. Native Americans became angry and lost trust in the American governmentbecause the settlers forced and physically moved them out of their homes. The Trail of Tears helps the Manifest Destiny because it is mainly the idea that moving west will bring more comfort and new riches to the settlers. This is major expansion westward.
The action of trying to constantly take land from the natives was a factor that led to the hostile relationship between the Americans and Natives. Additionally, another economic factor was the creation of the Homestead Act of 1862 that would continue playing a role of stripping the natives of their home land. The Homestead Act granted 160 acres of land for anyone willing to settle out west and develop the land. Again, the Americans were taking land that wasn’t theirs and giving it away like it was theirs. As a result of having their home land being taken away, this angered the Natives and reinforced the hostility they had against the Americans.
The Native American tribes and the United States have a very long and devastating past. The english came from overseas and started taking the Natives land which they didn’t like. The Colonies did barter with some tribes, but fought for territory with most other tribes. The French even became allies with the Natives to try to defeat us in war. We befriended the Cherokee and a couple other dangerous tribes though in defence of their tactics.
This made others want to move to the region. In the 1840s, thousands of settlers came from the East. They were looking for land. They followed the Oregon Trail to the region. The treaty gave Britain the part of land north of the 49th parallel, and the United States got the part south of
At this time, the Indian Termination policy had just ended, ceasing the forced assimilation of Indians into American society and customs. In addition to this, during the Termination period, two-million five hundred-thousand acres of trust land was removed from protected status, and sold to non-natives, leaving Native Americans without land and connections to their tribes. Due to this, the issue of Native American land became prevalent in America, but an authentic voice was still missing for the Native American community. In this, Momaday became that voice, and became a teacher to a society ignorant of other’s customs and traditions. With this, the audience of the work became the people of America who knew little about the people assimilated into their society.
In President Andrew Jackson’s Message to Congress on December 6,1830, it was said “Cherokee nation occupies its own territory and no Georgia citizens have the right to enter” (Worcester). The Indians had the right to keep their land but president Jackson took their land away. The Indians also had their rights being violated by the government in other ways. In America History of our Nation their rights were also being violated because the government had a law signed forcing the Creeks to give up most of their land (page 357). Their rights were again being violated, showing another reason why the Indian Removal Act should not have been
Chief Joseph represents the views of the Indian people who are being forced off their land. The Indians point of view is much different from the American government and people. The Indians wanted peace and to remain on their land. “From where the sun now stands I will fight no more against the white man.” While the American people felt it was their destiny to expand and progress forward they were crushing the people who had lived on the land. Throughout history it is hardly ever mentioned how ethically wrong Americans treated the Indian people.
He did not follow Jefferson’s plan of Assimilation, rather he sought to remove Indians wholesale from their property and move them somewhere, “deemed unsuitable for white settlement. Jackson claimed his plans for separation were beneficial for Native Americans, without explaining why they couldn’t remain separate on their own land. Viciously uprooting Native Americans meant that the practices they had been carrying on for centuries were, for the most part, halted. Even after Native Americans had ceded land, Jefferson consistently broke those treaties, with the most blatant being the ratification of the Treaty of New Echota. In this treaty, he took the word of several unelected people of the Cherokee Nation as an agreement on behalf of all of them, because it fit his desires.
The reason why I am for the movement to the West in the 1850’s and 1860’s is because moving to the West changed a lot of people’s lives for the better. Samuel Thurston had a so what part in this movement. Samuel wanted to make a big change so he moved to Oregon and then later on he wanted Congress to give away land to that people would settle the West. Then the Donation Land Claim was passed which gave settlers up to six hundred forty acers of land for free. When the Donation Land Claim was passed he wrote an article outlining many exciting reasons to move West and he even provided directions for how to get there.
Fortunately for him Napoleon at the time needed money to found his wars with other countries. Napoleon made the decision to get his funds by selling him the whole territory. These actions had a great impact on the U.S. because there was now other issues to deal with. For the most part the Native Americans left the 13 states and headed west, but now with this expansion they lived
America in the 1830’s was bigger than it had ever been, and expansion was just beginning. Americans were packing up their belongings and moving west to start new states, new cities and new lives for their families. Thomas Jefferson’s idea of Manifest Destiny was truly coming to light but sadly, it came at the expense of the many Native American tribes. Following the Indian Removal Act of 1830 that was signed by the current President Andrew Jackson, many Native American tribes living in what was now southeast America, were forced to leave their homes and migrate west. The removal of these tribes left more land for white Americans to settle in without the threat of attacks from Native tribes.
The Europeans came mostly in peace; however, the Native Americans saw the newcomers as a threat to their livelihood. Amoroleck, an Indian captured by the Europeans after a clash between the two, explained that the Native Americans attacked the settlers because they believed the settlers “were a people come from under the world, to take their world from them.” (Merrell 45) With early conflicts, neither party was coming out victorious with their losses out numbering their winnings between the Indians and Europeans. Eventually, the Native Americans would accept the Europeans and even live jointly, aiding one another whether it was determining the best hunting grounds, planting the right crops in the right area, or incorporating lifestyles by helping round up escaped slaves. The two parties learned to make the most out and how to benefit from each other. Merrell’s article proves the point that the lives of the Native Americans drastically changed just as the Europeans had.
This was a very controversial event that many people opposed. The law required that Natives not be forced to leave their lands; however, President Andrew Jackson, who had signed the Act into law, often ignored this, and took Native land by force. Native Americans were relocated to land west of the Mississippi that the United States had gotten in the Louisiana Purchase (History.com, 2009). The Choctaw nation was the first to be forced from its land. These Natives travelled on foot to their new lands, on what was later called the “Trail of Tears”.