This will lead to his discovery of the three laws of planetary motion that explained how the planets moved and why they looked how they do in the sky. 4) Galileo Galilei was an astronomer whose studies would reveal the importance to astronomy not only of observation and mathematics but also of physics. His self-consciousness about technique, argument, and evidence would make him one of the first investigators of nature to approach his work in the same way as a modern scientist. 5) Francis Bacon was one of science’s greatest propagandists, and he inspired an entire generation with his vision of what scientific inquiry could do for humanity.
The Ancient Greeks laid foundations for the Western civilizations in the fields of math and science. Euclid, a Greek mathematician known as the “Father of Geometry,” is arguably the most prominent mind of the Greco-Roman time, best known for his composition in the area of geometry, the Elements. (Document 5) To this day, Euclid’s work is still taught in schools worldwide.
Pericles (495 BC-429 BC) was an Athenian statesman and strategos during the “Golden Age” of Athens. His father Xanthippus fought in the Persian wars and his mother Agariste belonged to the powerful Alcmaeonid family, so he was brought up with considerable wealth and power. Pericles placed much value into philosophy and the arts as a result and was even personal friends with famous philosophers such as Anaxagoras and Zeno.
With most of his personal life shrouded in mystery, Claudius Ptolemy’s life stories and travels are shrouded in mystery, with only a few key details to work off of. On the other hand, there are plentiful amounts of data about his achievements, books, and countless other legacies. Ptolemy was mostly acknowledged for The Algamest, a book that contained countless maps and observations about astronomy, and the solar system. Even though a bit of the book was flawed, considering he thought that our solar system was geocentric, there were many ideas about planetary motion that other astronomers found breathtaking. His other works were also meticulously detailed, and some of which will be discussed in further detail in the next few paragraphs.
During the Middle Ages a Roman Astronomer named Ptolemy came up with the theory that all surrounding planets orbited around the Earth. Advancement in telescopes and technology helped Copernicus during the renaissance create a more logical and accurate theory which stated how the sun is in the middle of our universe and all planets orbited the sun. This changed the way man thought because it realized how small Earth is compared to the rest of the solar system and how we may not be
When one thinks of Ancient Greece many individuals come to mind and one such person was Pericles of Athens. He was a peerless statesman that guided Athens during a Golden Age of Democracy, transformed the Delian League into an Athenian Hegemony, patron of the theatrical arts, and renovator of the Acropolis. None this facets of Pericles are the subject of this paper. The aspect that will be the topic of discussion is the only office Pericles ever officially held, general or strategos. While his political and cultural accomplishments endlessly researched and discussed his military exploits and how they affected his other accomplishments have not received the same amount of attention.
Odysseus is a man of great honor, and follows his father’s teachings which made him a person of greatness. In “The Odyssey” the position of men is very important, especially men who were known to have strength and courage. It was an honor to be a son, whom followed their father’s noble achievements and exhibited the skills that they were taught. In “The Odyssey”, it is not surprising that the relationship of Odysseus and Telemachus, is admiring as it is; Telemachus is proud of his son, who show such promise, and the Odysseus is proud of their father, who have earned a respectable reputation as a warrior who defended their territory bravely. It is amazing how the actions of a father can shape the future of his son.
There were many Greek heroes all did great acts, saved many, and slayers of monstrous beasts. They all interacted with man and did different things for them; Theseus was a founder hero, the hero of Athens and was responsible for political unification. His took journeys with stories of labor, orges and dangerous creatures. He was the unifying king and helped the mortals with their politics. Theseus built the legendary fortress of Acropolis, supposedly one of the greatest most impenetrable fortresses of its time.
Copernicus developed the heliocentric theory which claimed that the earth revolved around the sun. This immediately challenged the authorities who believed the opposite. Galileo furthered Copernicus’ argument and promoted that the Bible, that God
Today virtually every child grows up learning that the Earth orbits the Sun, but four centuries ago the heliocentric solar system, where the Earth orbits the Sun, was so controversial that the Catholic Church classified it as a crime of heresy (UCLA). In the age of early philosophy, Socrates’ is well known. Between the Socratic method and his line of successful students, Socrates’ makes the history books. Galileo Galilei turned astronomers on their heads when he discovered moons around Jupiter. Giordano Bruno didn’t back down from any of his brilliant and different ideas.
Nicolaus Copernicus established the concept of a heliocentric system that validates that the sun, rather than the earth, is at the center of our solar system. Later on, he is now known as the “Father of Modern Astronomy”. Early Life On February 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland, Barbara Watzenrode and Nicolaus Copernicus Sr. had their fourth child, Nicolaus Copernicus (Armitage,
Others recognized patterns in the ways the objects moved. Thus, astronomy was born. Around 600 B.C. it was accepted that the Earth was not a flat object through the insight of Greek philosophers from looking at the round shadow that the Earth cast on the Moon during lunar eclipses and how the stars seemed to move as one approaches the North Pole. (Larsen, 37). Eudoxus was philosopher known for the idea of a geocentric
Aristotle had said that the earth was the center of the universe, and no one ever questioned him. Aristotle had also made assumptions in the field of physics and Galileo was the first to go against them. Galileo made many discoveries with his telescope that were significant to science during the Renaissance. To view the solar system, Galileo made a telescope on his own. He had heard of the invention from a Dutch eyeglass maker, and improved his design.
Greek Mythology and its Influences on Modern Society By Jenna Marie A. Macalawa, Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus 2014 Myths are not dissimilar to fairy tales, legends, and sagas, but its period is distinctly different from usual existential time. It is considered as an expression of childhood experiences, and it also explains the origin and meaning of the world. According to Long (1994), “The term mythology may describe a certain body of myths, for example, Greek, African, or Scandinavian, or it may refer to the study of myths” (p.694). These collections of narratives are superior when it comes to influencing different areas of knowledge. There are numerous types of mythology, but Ancient Greece is the one that has given an immense influence on modern society.