As the successor to Philip II and Great King of a vast empire, Alexander must have possessed aspects that qualify him for his noble position. Based on Plutarch’s account of Alexander, he was intelligent and had the utmost respect for knowledge; his appreciation of philosophy lasted throughout his life and his intelligence made him capable of making the decisions of a king. Alexander also seemed to have had an arrogance fit for his status. Alexander’s haughtiness, although it often does land him in heated situations, also strengthens his confidence as a leader. His leadership capabilities began at a young age, and its extent is reflected by the immensity of the Macedonian empire by the end of his reign.
This was vital for the idea of Greek identity as “this notion of community was fundamental to the polis and was the very badge of Greekness” (A History of Western Society 68). Furthermore, the political structure of poleis established various forms of government where certain ones were favored more than the other or were best for the people.
Heroes in Ancient Greece were exalted and looked at as eminent individuals within their own society. Heroes in modern society often appear supernatural or extremely skilled like Superman or Batman, but for the Greeks heroicness was often displayed through mundane deeds like fighting in war or having rational, common sense that affected the way certain these heroes completed certain tasks. The term “hero” for the Greeks was a appellation only bestowed upon those who protected and fought for others through selfless acts. Resulting in those men being truly influential within their culture and society abroad. Many Greeks worshiped their hero’s values, beliefs, and morals on a large scale across Greece.
Indeed, the term calisthenics itself is derived from the Greek words for beauty and strength. We know from historical records and images from pottery, mosaics and sculptures of the period that the ancient Olympians took calisthenics training seriously. They were greatly admired – and still are, today – for their combination of athleticism and physical beauty. You may have heard a friend whimsically sigh and mention that someone ‘has the body of a Greek god’. This expression has travelled through
Ancient civilizations often function properly by analyzing the aspects of other neighboring civilizations, figure out what is making them flourish, and implementing them into their own society. Moreover, some societies choose to look at these prospering qualities and try to improve upon them or simply come up with original ideas and contraptions that better the lives of those in their community. The ancient Romans were one of these ancient civilizations that innovated and borrowed elements to create thriving civilizations. One civilization active during Rome’s mid to late republic era, was Greece. They heavily influenced ancient Rome on everything ranging from architecture to cultural practices, but an interesting aspect of both civilizations
Alexander the Great was the ruler of Greece 356-323 B.C.E. His lifelong dream was to expand Greece with him as the ruler, and that is exactly what he did. As Alexander made his journey across Europe and Asia he conquered Greece, India, Italy and China as well. One positive aspect of his conquering was that he respected other countries cultures and life. So instead of destroying the beauties of each country, he allowed them to live freely and celebrate their religions and beliefs freely.
The Laudatio of the City of Florence by Bruni is emulating the orations of ancient Greek society as it is written in the form of a panegyric. This variety of speech was primarily used for national gatherings or festivals of significance in Athens to positively rally a crowd and provide a good example of important ancestral virtues. Bruni uses this form to positively discuss the liberties and political values he deems essential to the success of Florence through a speech. He only focuses on the benefits that using a representative electorate has brought the city through curtailing corruption and tyranny on the common man and allowing its citizens to flourish under this freedom.
The “ideal” idol gained their power by being remarkably intelligent and liable. Machiavelli is the perfect example of this. Machiavelli gained his power from being a political leader for people to seek themselves in. This justifies people’s needs for power, and therefore, they envied Machiavelli because of his political power. Machiavelli influences the modern political science we still use today, and continue to pave his paths.
Cicero is viewed as a man with many talents and passions. He was one of the greatest statesmen and orator in the Roman Republic along with his involvement in the courts as a lawyer. When not involved in politics and the courts he was involved with scholarly writing. These writing included the topics on orations, rhetoric, and political philosophy. He shared a view with Aristotle in that the statesmanship and the pursuit of knowledge were the highest callings for those who have the talent to pursue them and as a true Roman, he never lost his desire for public honor and never relinquished his conviction that a life of public service was the course that has always been followed by the best men.
Ancient Greece was a time when mythology thrived the most. Influenced by the folklore of his own birthplace, Sophocles was one of the many contributors to the writings of Greek mythology. Not only was he influenced by his home, Sophocles’ works were also greatly impacted by his time in public office. His loyalty to his birthplace was the reason he never left and even held public office. A well educated dramatist and loyalist from Colonus in Athens, Greece, Sophocles was known for his innovative, theatrical plays before his death.
The decisions and actions Odysseus makes throughout his Odyssey, not only call upon the person he is but shape the person he becomes, with many of the challenges honing his character. Homer uncovers the traits that most befittingly define Odysseus as honor, courage and guile. The traits that are glorified in The Odyssey, connect to recent times because they are comparable to those we think of when defining a hero or an impeccable human being. Odysseus’ use of his honor, courage and guile showcase how these traits allowed him to excel in his time and also are key traits all should have for the challenges we must face in
It is clear to see that the Ancient Greece and Modern day Olympics both are examples of Areté. Areté is found both in Ancient greece and modern day because both demonstrates excellence. In Ancient greece Areté was seen as being excellent. Some examples in excellence are in art, poetry, sports, and many more. It was once said by Aristotle that “We are not what we repeatedly do.