Abolishing slavery is good because that means everyone has freedom, and freedom is what all African-Americans want. The thirteenth amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the thirteenth amendment abolished slavery in the United States and says that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been accordingly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their control.” Another
According to the text, some historians thought the south had won because of the many obstacles they had overcome. I agree with many of the historians because if it wasn’t for the amending of the laws and the Constitution, African Americans would still be held in bondage. Due to this change there were several major victories for African Americans that guaranteed them recognition as citizens and equality (Foner 442). The amending of these laws opened many doors that African Americans never thought was possible. First, the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 freed all slaves in states fighting the Union and allowed blacks to enlist in the Union Army (Dautrich and Yalof 115).
Civil Rights and the Civil War Amendments wanted us to know about Dred Scott v. Sanford in regards to the “white slave owners did what they wanted with the black slaves , because they had no rights”(443). Illinois was a free state for blacks. The civil was amendments to the Constitution were designed for the blacks to have the same rights ah the whites and have respect. We also needed to know the Civil war
amendment stated that “all people born or established in the United States are granted citizenship.” This was another huge change in American history because it officially labeled slaves as a citizen of the country that they had worked so hard in. Slaves were no longer property and they weren’t classified as just people, they were now residents of the United States. Then, within one more year of officially being classified as an individual among a country, the United States decided to propose another law which would give the right for African Americans to vote. This law is known as the 15th amendment. This gave the African Americans more of a voice in what happened in society, proving to the public what kind of potential influences they had.
The Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution was acquired on July 9th, 1868, as one of the three Reconstruction Amendments. The amendment discussed equal protection of the laws and citizenship rights. This new amendment was created in response to problems with former slaves that were freed after the American Civil War. The amendment puts a limit on the actions of all local and state officials. During the time of its creation, it did two major things, it made it to where all people born in the united states were citizens and it made it to where everyone is equally protected under the law.
On July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified to the Constitution. The Fourteenth Amendment was created to grant citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included the freeing of former slaves after the Civil War in 1865. It gave the former slaves their natural rights as citizens to the United States after the Dred Scott case, where they declared that black slaves were not people. Moreover, in Southern states the majority of them rejected this because they still wanted to keep their slaves, but later was required to be ratified by the three-fourths of the states. This is also known as the “Reconstruction Amendment,” meaning to forbid any states to deny any person of “life, liberty, or property without
The three Amendments to the constitution declared African-Americans free from slavery, and they had all the same rights as white men. The Fifteenth amendment gave African-Americans a right to become a citizen. Meanwhile, before this all happened Jim Crow laws were
Equal Protection to Students The Equal Protection Clause belongs to the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution and it states that “no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (“The Equal Protection Clause”). Being one of the amendments gained from the civil war, the framers envisioned that its primary purpose would be to protect the newly freed slaves from racial discrimination. However, the wording of the Fourteenth Amendment gives off that equal protection clause protects against any type of discrimination and gives equal protection of law to all persons. Equal protection in schools soon started to expand and develop. The equal protection for students allow for anyone to gain
(SS) King was able to push the idea of hope at the beginning of his speech with the simile, “This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope...” (SS) The momentous decree is the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves, and reminded the people that they were technically free. (SS) Giving the audience hope, this reminder meant that one day soon the black community will also be treated as free Americans. (SS) There will be still water when the growth of racial problems is put to an end as said in King’s quote,“...from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood.” (SS) The quicksands of racial injustice are referring to the people being consumed by racial prejudice, and only when people stop allowing themselves to be consumed by the racism will they be able to join forces with everyone to create a stable environment. (CS) To achieve this environment, the black community must also work with the white community despite their differences. (SS) The metaphor, “...to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood” symbolizes the connections that need to be made in order to achieve Dr. King’s dream.
This movement secured the access of the equality of African Americans in all basic privileges of being a U.S. citizen. What is normally understood as the Civil Rights Movement was in fact a grand struggle for freedom extending far beyond the valiant aims of legal rights and protection(Baldwin 1). Across the country, black organizations, including the National Negro Congress, the MOWM, and the BCSP joined forces with labor unions and politicians ( Baldwin 1). They fought racism within the labor movement, and brought economic concerns to the Statehouse(Baldwin 1). This gave hope that one day, African Americans would be completely Jim Crow free.
Abraham Lincoln decisions to issue decree shifts the focus of the war somewhat, it’s just not about preserving the union not it’s about ending slavery so that all of the slaves could be free. Abraham Lincoln said “I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within (rebellious) states and parts of states are and henceforward shall be free; and that the executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons, of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States” (Lincoln). There were some positive outcomes of the emancipation proclamation one of them was African Americans enlist in the union army helping the war army, thousands of slaves flee the south for the union by weakening the confederacy and lastly ends slavery in the confederacy. Some of the negative things of the Emancipation Proclamation was that it was difficult to enforce, African Americans in the army face discrimination, lower pay and the last thing was limited focus on doesn’t apply to slaves in the union states. Also that Border States were exempt from the Emancipation Proclamation and he didn’t free a single slave legally (Notes
John Buescher stated, any citizen could now vote no matter what race. So the African Americans gained another right to gain equality and move towards the whites in power (Buescher). The nation was turning into an equal nation with the same amount of power as the whites. According to the article “Equality in African-American Politics,” “While the Declaration of Independence proclaimed equality, the Constitution did not, and it was not until after the Civil War and the adoption of the Fifteenth Amendment that the Constitution was amended to formally commit the nation to equality” (Equality in African-American Politics). In other words, the nation was shifting from a white dominated society to an equal society where the whites were not as dominant anymore and the African Americans gained rights.
Life for African Americans some what changed for the better, temporarily. Slavery was Abolished in the south, but that didn 't really mean that the blacks were equal or really free. Constitutional additions specifically the 13th amendment which stated, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction” the 14th amendment which stated, “All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside”, and the 15th amendment which stated, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude” (United States Constitution). But blacks encountered crippling complications. During the reconstruction Blacks encountered severe white incrimination and several instances of out right violence “a Freedman living on the plantation of James W. Wade in Fort Bend Co. was arrested, chained and whipped by the wades and others” (Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Texas).
The military reconstruction act basically forced the southern states to begin to accept that black people had equal rights as they did. Apart of the act was getting blacks the right to vote. Once this happened republicans believed that the voting power of ex-slaves would bring up a revolution in the south, which is a part of the constitutional
To me, freedom means that everyone, regardless of race, has the same rights and equal protection under the law. The Reconstruction amendments were written so that African Americans would have rights equal to those of white citizens. The 13th Amendment abolished slavery in the US. The 14th granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed and the the 15th Amendment in the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote. Another freedom important to me is being to enjoy myself without any fear of the government.