What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Artificial Intelligence

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The term artificial intelligence (AI) denotes “a branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behaviour in computers.” As the revolution of technology develops around us, we must question whether computers can ever be as intelligent as humans and whether the development of artificial intelligence will pose a risk to humans in the future. Exploring the different perspectives surrounding the use of AI and its dangers to humanity will help answer this question. The first test proposed to prove the intelligence of a computer was the Turing test: three terminals were set up with two humans and one computer system. A person is designated the questioner and the others, respondents. Upon conversation for a fixed amount of time, the questioner declares which ‘person’ was the computer and which was the human. Alan Turing, who devised the Turing test, proposed in the book “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” that a computer system would successfully fool the human questioner into believing that the computer respondent was a human answering the questions by the year 2000. He also stated that if the human interrogator, within 5 minutes of conversation, had only 70% chance of identifying that the respondent was human, then the machine was capable of thinking. Alan Turing, who proposed this test in 1950,…show more content…
Some of the positive use cases are in food production where systems powered by AI can monitor farm fields and keep track of weather conditions; data can then be used for automation purposes as well. This intelligence is much needed now more than ever as the human population is estimated to be around 10 billion in 2050; farmers will have to produce at least 50% more food than currently being provided without an increase in farmland. AI is therefore useful in food
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