I. GMO, or genetically modified organisms is when a gene of an organism is biologically transferred to another organism changing its characterization. (Diaz) A. According to BIONET, the process of engineering a crop goes as such: (BIONET) 1. First, the gene that is modified is isolated or mapped. (BIONET) 2.
However, potential risks of genetically modified include potentially harmful effects towards the plants or animals which are unexpected. Other risks include inbreed with natural organisms which could lead to extinction (Heif). Some food sources that have been genetically modified include tomatoes, squash, other crops and meats as well. These alternations continue to prosper because of the benefits. However, there is much more to be considered then the mere health factors of it.
Technological advancements in the scientific field have led to the advent of genetic engineering, including the genetic modification (GM) of food that may hold the key to the solution of many existing problems like food shortage, world hunger and genetic diseases. Uzogara (2000) state that the intentional attempt to alter the genetic make-up of plants or animals is known as genetic modification. Scientists have shown the potential benefits that those genetically engineered crops can bring about such as increased shelf-life in Flavr Savr Tomato and pest-resistant Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn, which are said to benefit the producers. From the consumers’ point of view, what matters most is the health benefits that genetically engineered crops will bring about, which wild-type food crops may not be able to do.
What do a tomato, soybean and a french fry have in common? They are all some of the most commonly genetically modified foods sold on the market today. By using the genetic information from one organism, and inserting or modifying it into another organism, scientists can make food crops stay fresher, grow bigger, and have the crops create their own pesticides. Nevertheless, the technology to modify genes has surpassed its practicality. Genetically modified foods need to be removed from everyday agriculture because of the threat they pose to human health, the environment, and the impact on global economy.
This allergic reaction occurs when a certain protein /allergen that is present in gm crops enters the body and arouse immune response. Gm foods are created by inserting foreign genes into organisms. This process can have negative impacts on humans. GMOs have built-in anti-biotic qualities. These enhance immunity in the seeds but eating them can decrease the effectiveness of actual antibiotics 3)CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION: Modified genes in the Biotech food may have human health risks because when genes are altered, some chemicals are used to get certain traits, like for example, to improve the resistance to powerful herbicides.
The tumour inducing region of T DNA is removed and replaced with the foreign DNA you want to insert into the plant. The plant cells are then regenerated into a whole plant using micropropagation, treatment of auxin and cytokinin treatment. This results a transgenic plant. Discuss some of the applications of genetically modified plants in Biotechnology. References Arrington, I. D. (2003-2018).
Both sides offer sound argument, however by analysing research and genetically modified food history, one can ascertain that genetically modified foods are proffering more solutions to issues in our world rather than creating them. Before one dives into the battle of good versus evil, one must first fully understand the concept of genetically modified foods. Genetically modified (GM) or genetically engineered (GE) foods have been modified in order to develop favourable characteristics. Genes are transferred from various organisms to fruit and vegetable plants and are responsible for generating favourable characteristics, such as resistance to pests and insecticides (Milano and Carol, 2007: 8-11). Many people are pro GM foods due to their positive effects such as larger yields and decreased pesticide use, but not everyone is convinced.
The advancement in modern science has lead to a breakthrough in genetic research. The use of this knowledge of genetics has now been used in more and more everyday things such as our food. According to the World Health Organisation(WHO) , “GMOs can be defined as organisms in which the genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination”(WHO 2014).Genetically modified foods where created and marketed to combat plant diseases and insects that affect crops. It is also used in order to make food more resistant to herbicides to make using weed killers less harmful to the crops and difficult farming conditions such as drought stricken areas. With our population rapidly increasing the food supply might fail to keep up with demand and with a consumerist society a lot of people want an excess of food and so GMOs have been used to greatly increase the crop yield as well as to help plants combat unpredictable climate change .
GMO, also known as the Genetically modified organism. These are artificially designed flavors and nutrition to make food good and long lasting then the usual. A proper definition would be that GMO refers to the plants or animals created through the gene splicing techniques of biotechnology. From this different types of food items are created by merging different DNAs from different species. (David Suzuki Foundation, n.d) Genetically-modified plants, animals and processed foods were introduced in the international market in 1990s.
It is a position of tools important to change the genetic arrangement of cells, counting the transfer of genes inside and across species borders to produce enhanced organisms. New DNA is attained by either separating or replication of the genetic substance of interest using molecular cloning techniques or by artificially synthesizing the DNA. A construct is usually created and used to put in this DNA into the host creature. As well as inserting genes, the procedure can be used to get rid of, or "knock out", genes. The new DNA can be inserted at random, or targeted to an exact part of the genome.