At the turn of the twentieth century, Russia remained one of the few countries in the world under autocratic rule. This meant that the Tsar held almost unlimited authority over the country, and “granted the population no voice in government and severely punished any expressions of discontentment with the status quo” (Pipes, 18). In order to rule such a system effectively, it would require an autocrat not only in name but in personality, “someone who enjoyed the prerogatives of power and knew how to use them” (Pipes, 27). Ironically, Russia in 1900 would be governed by a man who “lacked every quality required of an effective autocrat except the sense of duty” (Pipes, 27). Nicholas II is described by Pipes to have “limited intelligence and a
By doing this, they overthrown the poorly run government as the Russian people were in favour of a new system that would work in their favour. The Russian Revolution was triggered by the social, political and economic problems, that combined caused the Russian people to rebel. This Revolution was triggered by the poverty of the Russian people, the loss from the wars, the sneakiness of Rasputin and the failure of the Tsar, Nicholas II. The social causes of the Russian Revolution arose from centuries of oppression towards the lower classes. The lower class had to deal with horrifying living standards and food shortages due to famine and World War 1.
Ivan the Terrible Ivan the Terrible, the Grand Prince of Moscow (until he gained the title of tsar) was an extreme absolute monarch. As a child, he faced cruel abuse and hostility from his mother. As he grew older, he accumulated countless enemies. When he gained full power of Moscow at 17, he began destroying his rivals and anybody he thought might be against him. Ivan the Terrible gained his name particularly from his unforgiving torture methods, so unforgiving that he even used them on his own son.
In the interim of World War 1 Russia had been taking many heavy losses against Germany which attested that their armies were no match against the nations of central and western Europe, this in doubt affected their economy; the main cause of this is from bad leadership and poor equipment. There were many riots about very little food which caused the Crimean war (1854-1856) and on Sunday 1905 hundreds of protesters suffered from injuries or killed. The massacre leads to the Russian Revolution in 1905; these were different reasons why Czar Nicholas II had been
Media was entirely controlled by the state. Any kind of trade unions, cooperatives, cultural and organizations played a very restricted role. The disintegration of the Soviet Union provides the newly independent Kazakhstan states the choice of their own political process determining their own destiny. After ten years of independence, some of the democratic institutions have been developed in the Kazakhstan republics including political parties, interest groups, opposition’s media, judiciary, electoral institutions, legislatures, and military
Previous grievances, social, economic and political, that had bubbled just below the surface for so long, were now catapulted back into the public conscience. Combined with the horrors of war, these problems proved a burden too many for the Russian people to bear. The combination of these factors provided numerous, social, economic and political causes that brought about the Russian Revolution in February 1917. Problems of social discontent, both of the peasant farmers and urban workers, coupled with harsh economic difficulties, exacerbated the political instability brought about by a weak Tsar and the failure of the Duma, made Russia rife for revolution. The hardships of World War 1 served as a bellows to the already smouldering problems in Russia, causing the eventual collapse of the old autocratic regime, and reduced the Romanov dynasty to ashes.
The living and working conditions were poor, people all over Russia were sustained the shortage of everyday goods. Nicholas’s wife Alexandra took over Nicholas’s position since Nicholas leaved Russia to take control of the Russian army in the war. However Alexandra’s poor management and the awful condition workers had during World War 1 produced scintillas that ignite the following revolutions. Short term causes are the combination of political, economics and social factors. There were 2 main political parties which were Mensheviks and Bolsheviks.
There were huge cuts in the salaries of all the Sepoys and they were forbidden from wearing their caste mark. All these factors put together created hatred among the Indians towards the East India Company. There was utter inequality and pathetic treatment of the Indians. The complete lack of support for the Company by the Indians and the utter chaos that the Company left behind made the British realize that the company was no longer benefitting the Crown. This led to a dynamic shift in the administration of the British in
Jobs of the lower class were jobs that were dirty and required a lot of work. “The western world farming communities were devastated by the spread of the disease. It became common place to see livestock abandoned, their owners overtaken by the spread of the Black Death / Bubonic Plague. Livestock and people perished.”(Alchin). The economy of the lower class quickly crashed with the spread of the bubonic plague.
Totalitarianism is a system of government that is based primarily on power and having absolute authority. Totalitarianism was first introduced in 1924 with Stalin and was later adapted by people such as Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. They used totalitarianism to have a single-party government with complete control, and blind devotion to the state. Anyone who opposed their ideas or posed a threat was immediately disposed of. Joseph Stalin had also used communism while Mussolini used fascism.