During the pre-civil war time period— also known as the antebellum years— America experienced a widespread transformation for the sake of its economy. With the booming belief of the Manifest Destiny, America’s constant desire for westward expansion caused disputes between the North and the South regarding the establishment of free states and slave states, which led to certain compromises such as the Missouri Compromise. After the Market Revolution, the North and South used its new gained land to create different means of economic gains; the North became industrialized through manufacturing, while the South became an agricultural industry dependent on cotton. However, as America’s boundaries expanded, tensions between the North and South grew, often leading to compromises in bloodshed. The drastic differences between the two groups eventually transformed America into a divided nation of sectionalism economically, politically, and socially.
Once reconstruction had been unraveled, Americans were eager to progress the United States and better this nation socially, politically and economically. Progressive People during this time desired to move from the original farming scenario, into more urban settings and city like areas. Some progressive people rejected social Darwinism and challenged the ideas of the Laissez-faire, and idolized the ideals of pragmatism—which is relying on human experience to define any truth—but that was just the beginning. Many of the progressivists wanted to reform the government and economic systems, due to accelerated urban growth and imbalance in economic power between the upper-class and the lower-class. Leaders like Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt are highly associated with aiding with these political issues of progressivism.
Joseph had hope that he could change the way whites looked at Indians and their culture because the whites thought Indians were uncivilized savages. Joseph also talked about how white settlers had come and taken the land that he and his ancestors have lived on for many years. The Chief did not want to go into a war, but said he would if it came down to it. He wished to live peacefully with the white settlers. Joseph is obviously influenced by his Native culture, so he made white settlers out to be bad guys in a way.
Although, the Pequot War had ended the need for land still remained the main need among the colonist in the New World. This left a great opportunity for Massasoit to gain an upper hand and, continue to gain power by selling his lands to the English. These sells also brought peace between the tribes and the colonists but, this also gave Massasoit more power in the New World. Thus, “…from Massasoit’s perspective, his alliance with the English continued to serve him well.” This would last for years but, Massasoit’s power would be altered by a great change in the New World. The change would be the mindset of the second generation colonist in which they now seek economic gain and material goods rather than land.
Tashena Rochester Americans move to settle in the West was purely motivated by the need for more money. The government once thought of the West as uncivilized and that humans should not live there. They thought that only uncivilized people such as the Indians and the wild animals should live there. But after the Civil War, the government encouraged people to move westward for more than one reason. One of the main reasons for Americans to move there was to rob the Indians of their land.
In the 1800s, America was expanded from “sea to shining sea”. The expansion was a responsibility of the presidents of the United States. More people came to America which caused farmland to be scarce and decrease. Settlers had to move west for more land and opportunity, which would have not been possible without the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Other than land and opportunity, there were many reasons someone would have chosen to move to the new land in the west.
Despite this causing a terrible genocide of Cherokee Indians along the Trail of Tears, when looking at this decision through solely an economic view, it clearly helped the American economy thrive. Jackson made this decision to evict the Native Americans due to the fact that they lived on fertile lands that weren’t being used to their full potential. Jackson thought that these potential farm lands would be much more useful if American farmers settled the area (Whaples 546-547). Thus, by removing the Indians, Jackson cleared up an abundance of fertile land to sell to the American citizens. As stated by author Robert Whaples in his article Were Andrew Jackson’s Policies “Good for the Economy”?, during Jackson’s presidency, “the federal government sold almost 50 million acres to the public out of the 88 million acres sold from 1820 to 1849” (Whaples 548).
The Mexican war was one of the major events in our US expansion. The Mexican war started when James K Polk became president and wanted to take steps to gain Oregon. Polk wanted to have this battle because it would give the US a chance to expand all the way from east to west coast, have borders on both the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean, and it would give us a better fighting advantage over the British. Citizens would also get more opportunity to move in and begin raising crops. In this war we have gained New Mexico, California, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and Texas.
Some Americans believed that United States had the right to take land that belonged to others for their needs and that the “moral justification” for this was that God intended for the America to grow and expand this was named the “manifest destiny.” To the average white American migration to the west meant a better living for families. Our readings suggest that during the 1830s-1850s as a result of the possibility of gold and territory expansion land was vast which created economic opportunities this made moving westward appealing to farmers, ranchers, miners, teachers, servants and others. Families traveled by wagons at times in harsh conditions. As a result of necessity and survival the separation of women and men’s work was not of importance