Mao’s rise to power was a result of favourable conditions resulting from both the failures of the Nationalist party (GMD) and the various successes of the Communist party (CCP). Before Mao was able to consolidate his power over China in 1949, he first had to become solitary leader of the CCP party which he accomplished through his effective use of propaganda, ideology, policies and use of force. Prior to this, China had been led by incompetent leaders and as a result of their actions, it experienced a weakness of political system, impact of war and various economic factors. Towards the beginning of the 20th century, the Qing dynasty which had ruled China for nearly two millennia, was on the verge of collapse. After the fall of the empire in 1911, China suffered from the tumultuous upheaval of the revolution.
We will analyze realism to make this analysis, as the concepts of this theory had been determinants of Chinese Politics since ages. That is to say, they deem State as the primary actor in world politics that the international political system is anarchic and in his eparchial system most important of all things is to serve the state’s interest. Since, system if anarchical, so the state has to be powerful beyond limit to not only pursue its interest but also to exert pressures and maintain its impact over other
How do you assess Mao 's foreign policy? Explain the logic, successes and failures After years of Civil War between the Communists and Nationalists, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People‘s Republic of China (PRC) on October 1, 1949. Thereby, the Communists replaced the Republic of China (ROC) which was under the sovereignty of Chiank Kai-shek, leader of the Kuomintang. The government of Chiank had to flee from Chinese mainland to Taiwan. The transition of power in China changed the dynamics of post-World War II relations.
Ming China and Mughal India were two great empires in the period of the 1600s.Both had cultural and technological advancements.And both were very different,yet both declined due to their political vulnerability which left them completely open to invasions by other countries.Their Government and society was very different.In both empires women were treated inferior.Both empires were advanced ,and both invented things that contributed to the way society works today. The great empire of the Ming Dynasty in China can be observed when it rose during the 17th century.The Chinese were an advanced society and under the Ming rule became economically,politically and culturally strong.The Ming emperors had absolute power,and ruled through decrees given
Since then the country has seen many wars mostly involving boarder issues with neighboring China. The country has been through many civil wars along with fighting enemies abroad at the same time. Vietnam was not on the radar of most powerful countries until the French Indochina war in the mid-nineteenth century. Then again, during the Second World War with the Japan Empire over taking Vietnam and forcing all that opposed to force labor to work for the Japan Empire’s war machine (Elanor Jane Sterling, 2007). After the turn of World War II, the country forced into yet again a civil war between the communist and the people’s republic of Vietnam.
In the 1940s, before the Open Door Policy introduced in China by Deng Xiaoping the in 1978, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) adopted “antiforeignism” with the purpose of improving the loyalty and the ideology of the Chinese present toward the Centre (Chan, 1994). At that time movies were function as a political propaganda. Therefore, most of the content of the film were under monitored by the state censorship. Due to this restriction, the story-lines of local movies were becoming more predictable and regulated (Latham, 2007 & Yang, 1994). Also during the Cultural Revolution in the 1966, all the cultural products were under administration by Gang of Four; therefore, any art creations they disliked could possibly cause the death for the artists as well as film-makers.
In this case, it will be classified as a political aim, but it can be linked to the heavy economical intentions. Geoff Wade mentioned in his paper that military presence was required and there was the use of violence in the Zheng He voyages, and many attacks on different countries were also reported. One prominent case study was the attack on Sri Lanka in 1411, where Zheng He invaded the country and seized the King and his family back to the Ming court . Later on, in the 1430s and 1440s, the Ming even invaded territories of different natives roots and divided them into smaller administrations . Journal articles have also stated that “They were conducted to establish imperial control over the maritime trade, to bring the maritime trade into the tributary system, and to force foreign countries into compliance within the tributary system.” Based on these information, it is sufficient to assert the fact that threats and violence were indeed in the usage for the maintenance of control over the ports.
In the story “The Wounded”, the main character Xiaohua untied herself from her mother who has been labeled a traitor during the Cultural Revolution. Such circumstances reflect the overwhelming influence of the Maoist ideology with the Gang of Four during the Chinese Cultural Revolution. Yet the Cultural Revolution reveals, in bas relief, the many irresolvable contradictions in China’s quest for cultural modernization and national sovereignty in the twentieth century (Feng, 2011). Marxists and modernization theorists shared key ontological assumptions regarding the conditions of the societies; that even if they have different views of the substance of the key historical process; both assume that there is such as fundamental process, that social life, in general, should be assessed when it comes to the degree to which they have been seized by this process, and that unequal development is unstable and possibly dangerous (Kershaw & Lewin, 1997). Wong (2009) wonders "what the revolution was all about” and believe that she still need remedial help to recover from Maoism by writing a book that is tantamount to a Maoist self-criticism."
Their way of life changed what we know and learn, and it would’ve changed if it wasn’t for them. After plenty of time spent researching and studying about Ancient China’s civilization. Their worldviews can be understood through three main views: their dynamic government, which includes power/control, their concept of filial piety and their unique art/language. These themes are what give us a visual of the powerful and massive, Ancient China. The amount of time that a family commands power of a civilization is extremely different from our reality currently.
This essay will focus on the economic aspects of the Qin dynasty which made them superior to other states and allowed them to conquer and unify China. The Qin state focused heavily on their agriculture, military and bureaucracy, as well as trade and commerce leaving behind a remarkable future of a standardised economy for the following states after them. The Warring States period was a time of uncertainty and political instability. The ruler Duke Xiao appointed Lord Yang who was a follower of Legalism, a philosophy nurturing absolute power, as the Chief Minister to bring change in the Qin State. Legalism was important as it reassured power into the ruler’s hands, forcing people to follow strict legal codes making them obedient to the ruler.