Villains of the Victorian Age: A Comparison Between Thomas Gradgrind and John Thornton The Victorian Age, which spans roughly the period from 1832 until 1901, is a term that covers England’s era of scientific revolution, economical progress and the country’s transformation to an industrial society. Novelist and historian Walter Besant observed the transformation of the mind and habits of the ordinary Englishman during the reign of Queen Victoria, after whom the Victorian Age is named. By 1897, he stated that the Englishman “would not, could he see him, recognize his own grandfather” (qtd. in Greenblatt 1018). The most remarkable reactions to contemporary industrial society came in the Condition of England novels of the 1840s and early 1850s.
As WW I saw the large-scale use of non-conventional chemical weapons, it was expected that WW II would see more extensive use of biological weapons. During this war, many countries conducted research programmes to develop bio-weapons; the Japanese programme to produce a bio-weapon, was considered as the most ambitious (1892-1959). The research in this direction started in 1928; when Lieutenant general (Lt. Gen.) Ishii visited many European and American countries to learn useful techniques and information about the possible uses of biological weapons. Upon returning to his homeland, he was provided a substantial grant in order to constitute a massive bioweapons research centre, known as the Unit 731, located at Beiyinhe in Manchuria. The research centre staffed over 3,000 scientists, mainly microbiologists.
While there were others who discovered vaccination before Jenner, such as Benjamin Jesty (1737–1816), Jenner’s research was the “first scientific attempt to control an infectious disease by the deliberate use of vaccination”. Furthermore, Jenner was ardent in his investigation and was persistent in publicising his vaccine. For instance, Figure 1 below shows an extract from a letter written by Jenner himself on the instructions for vaccine inoculation targeted to those who were interested in the smallpox vaccine. By 1800, his effort led to a widespread use of vaccination in majority of the European countries. This new knowledge on inhibition of the spread of contagious diseases was a reason that led to the ideology that the “right of the individual to contract and spread infectious disease should be suspended”.
During the interwar years, there was many types of new inventions/new ideas that changed the world drastically. It changed the way people live and how we live now, for an example the way how technology, media, science and medicine changed. One of the inventions during the interwar years is penicillin which had an effect in medical branch in the past and now. Alexander Fleming was born in Ayrshire, Scotland on August 6,1881 and died on March 11. He studied medicine and served a physician during the World War 1.
Frankenstein’s ideology draws inspiration from the Romantic period―a time of expression. Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein grew up in a period where she and her peers believed in diversity and uniqueness. This is achieved through a scientific revolution during the late 18th century where there was a fusion of knowledge from natural philosophy and chemistry to form a scientific theory that suggest elements could be put together to create matter. In the 19th century, Romanticists sought a way to advance scientific knowledge that would connect humanity and nature
The steam engine, essentially, came to be the “energy” that later powered the most “advanced textile inventions” like the spinning mule and the power loom (Cleary 33). Additionally, it “revolutionized” transportation for the rest of Britain when it was “applied” to later inventions such as the steam locomotive invented by British engineer Richard Trevithick and the steamship invented by American Robert Fulton in the early 1800s (Cleary 33). All of these new inventions came to harness the steam engine in one way or another and were able to become more efficient and a lot more powerful, which would inevitably change the way technology, machinery and mass production would work in the years to
Most nineteenth century literature shares the common ideology that you must work toward something and has a deeper meaning to share to make the world a better place (Anderberg). For example, the novel, Frankenstein, contains the ideas of enlightenment and discovery. The monster discovers how to use fire, Victor discovers how to create life, and he also finds out why to not create life. The monsters progressiveness is highlighted when he says,”I examined the materials of the fire, and to my joy found it to be composed of wood” (Shelley 92) The ideas in Frankenstein are much more progressive as opposed to those in The Great Gatsby. The Great Gatsby is a story of heartbreak.
Introduction The First Industrial Revolution The First Industrial Revolution, which peaked during the late 18th century, started a new phase in human history, despite the terrible working conditions and unfair treatments in the factory. The First Industrial Revolution, which started the technological development in Europe during 1760 to 1830, was largely limited to Britain. Inventions such as Spinning Jenny and the power loom that boosted the speed of the production required the factories to employ more workers, which resulted in urbanization (Britannica). By the middle of the industrialization, rural families in Britain started to move to the cities with the hope of pleasant life. But the reality was not as hopeful as they had thought.
Stoker puts an emphasis on the newest technology of Britain and combines them with traditional and folkloric traits. He described through Doctor Seward and Doctor Van Helsing two main attitudes towards science. Doctor Seward stands for modern science and reasoning and Doctor Van Helsing represents the superstitious beliefs. Doctor John Seward is a British man who represents an objective and scientific approach. Seward runs an asylum and is aware of the newest scientific maters, keeps a diary on a phonograph, but most important, he is devoted to science: “Why not
Victorian Era From 1837 to 1901, the Victorian Era had a massive impact on England. During this period, many new social and industrial innovations began to occur and was considered to be a time of prosperity and stability. But there had also been developments of many inequalities, which included wealth and gender. Overall, the Victorian Era was a period of many changes which included fashion, employment, lifestyle, and poverty. First of all, the Victorian Era included many changes in clothing and fashion.