The Columbian Neo Indian Exchange, which happened in the year 1492 can be described as being an exchange of ideas, food, crops, diseases and populations between the New and Old world. The reason why this particular time period is of such importance is because not only would these events would have had an impact on the people living in this era but it would also change the future forever. I will be paying particular attention to some of the new things people of the New World would have been exposed to during the period. In this essay I will focus on crops, technology, livestock, disease and religion. Plants that were involved in the Columbian Exchange had an affect on the culture and state of economy with both the New and Old worlds.
The “Columbian Exchange” also known as The Great Exchange occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries. It consisted of the transfer and/or trade of animals, culture, plants as well as humans such as the slave trade. From potatoes to chocolate and everything in between many foods and spices were transferred during the “Columbian Exchange” and ultimately became prominent food items. Additionally, livestock as well as other domesticated animals were also transferred changing the ways of many cultures for the better. However, during this trade several diseases were unintentionally transferred as well.
The Columbian Exchange was exchange of crops, animals and diseases from the Old World to the New World. The exchange seems mutually beneficial, with the Old World getting new crops such as tobacco, and the New World getting the basic cereal crops which the Old World survived on for centuries and livestock such as horses and cattle, but along with all the valuable crops and animals also came disease. The main reason why the Columbian Exchange came to be was the explorer, Christopher Columbus, discovered the Americas when searching for India, and other Europeans subsequently followed his path to the New World. Columbus was looking for India and the Spice Islands, which had, hence it name, many spices that could be sold for a huge profit back
The Columbian Exchange was the exchange of goods animals and plants from one country to another. The Columbian Exchange had many impacts. Some of them can still be seen today. One example is introduction of new species. Another is the slave trade that happened.
We hear of stories of how Christopher Columbus accidently discovered America or the New World. Most of our history books indicate the settlers were the ones that helped shaped this new world. We tend to forget how new explorers also impacted America. Christopher Columbus and the rest of Europe coming to America changed the globe by igniting import and export and bridged the Atlantic Ocean between the two worlds. The “Columbus Exchange” is the exchange of technology, diseases, animals, and plants between Europe and the Americas.
Many years ago, a continental drift split North and South America from Eurasia and Africa. As they remained separated, new species of plants and animals developed and evolved on each continent. The Columbian Exchange was a period of physical exchanges between the Old and New worlds. The Old and the New worlds exchanged diseases, populations, crops, and animals. All of these exchanges were brought to the Americas after Christopher Columbus’ voyage to the Americas.
With the discovery of the new world by Columbus in 1492 came the inevitable trades between Afro-Eurasia and the Americas. This became better known as the Columbian Exchange. Livestock, plants, culture, technology, ideas, and even populations of humans were among what broadened both worlds. Plants that were transferred from the Old World to the New World were ackee, almond, apple, apricot, artichoke, asparagus, banana, barley, basil, beet, bilberry, bitter melon, black pepper, Brassica oleracea, cantaloupe, carambola, cardamom, carrot, celery, chickpea, cinnamon, clove, coffee, citrus, cilantro, cucumber, cumin, date palm, eggplant, fennel, fig, flax, garlic, ginger, grape, hazelnut, hemp, kola nut, leek, lettuce, lentil, mango, millet, mustard
A cultural system is as robust as it is open to the outside and engages in exchange, cross-reference, and hybridization. It is the fear of others that confines people within their habits, preventing their knowledge of diversity, and causing them to reject what is not customary. Diet is one of the elements of social life most sensitive to changes in the surrounding context. Migration has always produced innovations and transformations in indigenous food traditions. Suffice it to consider the spread of tomatoes, potatoes, tea, and coffee in the dietary habits of Europeans to understand the transformations that have occurred through trade and the movement of people and things.
The Columbian Exchange is a mark in history that has lead to pivotal outcomes that has affected the world today as well as the past. The Exchange between the old and new world has brought advances to today’s world due to sacrifices and interactions between two distinctly different populations. Both worlds introduced one another to new diseases, and resources that overall lead to advancements in research and new resources of survival to help sustain populations in both worlds, which have carried over into present day and has allowed for the development of the human population. Sustainable populations allowed individuals to no longer concentrate solely on survival rather have time to research and expand knowledge about health practices and give attention to preventing deadly epidemics. Although the interaction of disease did give rise to deadly epidemics in the new world the advancements made in medicine changed how disease and illness were treated and further allowed a change in perspective about health and survival.
‘Pre-Columbian Indigenous Americans’ foodways were a foundational aspect to the modern American diet. Food used by Native American tribes would greatly transform the European diet. The study of Mesoamerican foodways allows us think about why important crops such as maize, potato is still widely used today. Foodways studies, particularly Pre-Columbian foodways, are critical to our historical understanding relating to early agricultural practices, political economies, and how plants and animals were domesticated. Great empires such as the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas inhabited vast lands of Central and South America.
The Columbian Exchange had a great impact on the Americas and Europe. It would seem as Europe was a more established civilization compared to the Americas. The land in Europe was manmade. In which they had many sources for foods such as farming, hunting, and fishing. Europeans relied on grains, wheat, rye and farming, in which the Americas did not.
Diet of the wealthy class consisted of bread, meat, and wine however the lower class’s diet consisted of fruits and vegetable. During this time period was the Age of Exploration, so new foods such as corn and potato were introduced from the new world which helped the lower class incorporate more nutrients into their diet. The society was divided into two classes, the nobility/gentry and the peasants/serfs. Both social classes were one of the important factors while developing hierarchy and order in the different countries. Western countries such as France influenced by religion and England dealt military, politics, and/or social issues.
The term Columbian Exchange refers to the biological and cultural exchange of animals, plants, diseases, technology and etcetera after the people of the Eastern and Western hemispheres encountered one another during the European exploration and colonization of the Americas. The Columbian Exchange modified the environment by adding new species that had not lived in that area before. For example, the Europeans brought grapes and cow to the Americas, and they brought beans and cocoa from the Americas to Europe. People benefited from the Columbian Exchange because the exchange of species ended the famine of the people on both sides of the Atlantic. The Native Americans benefited in particular because they didn’t have domestic animals before the
In conclusion, the Columbian exchange changed the way of life of people in both the Worlds. Christopher Columbus was the founder of Americas, which gave rise to the Columbian exchange, which included the spread of important crops like maize, and potatoes to alter populations in the Old World and animals such as horses, and also the spread of diseases such as small pox to the New World which terrorized the Native American people. All in all the Columbian exchange was a global phenomenon which played