Thomas Jefferson, former president of the United States, helped make a decision in 1803 that would forever change the future of the continental United States of America. Jefferson sent two representatives to Paris in hopes of being able to purchase New Orleans, and ended up learning that they were able to purchase the entire territory of Louisiana for only fifteen million dollars. This deal would later be known as the Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson was curious about the completely unknown land that the United States had just purchased, so he decided to hire Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to go on an expedition and explore the land west of the Mississippi. The combination of these two events led to millions of settlers expanding and developing …show more content…
The first event that led up to the Louisiana Purchase was the French Revolution which was started because the French citizens were tired of the monarchy of King Louis XVI. Louis XVI ended up being overthrown and Napoleon Bonaparte was put into power. The French Revolution left France in a very poor state with extreme financial struggles, and tensions with Great Britain were apparently rising. Napoleon needed money if he wanted to go to war. “Napoleon gave up dreams of a New World empire and no longer needed Louisiana as its breadbasket. His more urgent need was for money to wage war against Britain” (Norton 226). On April 30th, 1803, two representatives sent to France ended up purchasing the Louisiana Territory for fifteen million dollars. This purchase would be one event that would help shape the future of the western United …show more content…
After Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory, he was very interested in what lay beyond the Mississippi. He hired Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to lead the expedition that began in May 1804. The expedition was known as the Corps of Discovery (Fay). Thirty-five men were involved in the expedition that extended all the way to the Pacific Ocean and back. This expedition led to the discovery of many unknown things that captivated the interest of eastern settlers seeking new territories. Lewis and Clark felt that they were responsible to record all of the observations that they made while they were on their expedition (Moulten). One thing that they recorded was the climate of the region. On December 17th, 1804, the crew recorded the temperature to be forty-five degrees below zero and said it was the coldest that they ever knew it could be in the United States (Salter). The crew was also able to record the geography of the West during the expedition. The Corps of Discovery found lots of productive soil, valuable grazing land, and forests during the trip (Fay). This discovery would prove to be very important to the settlement of the west because it attracted the farmers looking for better soil than that in the east. The Lewis and Clark expedition was also able to discover many new plant and animal species in the region. In
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Jefferson decided to try and buy New Orleans. Why did he want to buy it? He wanted to be sure that American farmers would always be able to ship their goods through the port. Jefferson sent Robert Livingston and James Monroe to buy New Orleans and to buy West Florida from Napoleon. The president said they could offer as much as $10 million.
From the start of their, Lewis and Clark embraced their old abilities and were regularly documenting the new features that Louisiana held. While Lewis was creating highly detailed maps of the land, Clark spent his time on land, documenting previously undiscovered animals (pictured below), plants, and geographic features. The expedition started smoothly, and by the end of July, the group had traveled more than 600 miles on the river. However, to the group’s unease, not one Indian had been seen or encountered. That was until the beginning of August, when the Corps of Discovery was finally given the opportunity to make a good first impression on the Native Americans.
Would you have the courage to leave your home friends and family to go off on an important mission? You would not know where you are going or who will be there, but in the case of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, the reward was worth the risk. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were part of the Corps of Discovery which comprised a select group of US Army volunteers. This expedition was commissioned by Thomas Jefferson soon after the Louisiana Purchase. They explored and mapped what is now the Western part of the United States.
The Major challenges That The Corps of Discovery Faced The Lewis and Clark Expedition was a federally funded venture to explore the North American West. The expedition's principal objective was to survey the Missouri and Columbia rivers, locating routes that would connect the continental interior to the Pacific Ocean. The Louisiana Purchase of 1803, in which the United States gained 828,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River, facilitated the mission, allowing the explorers unprecedented access to land that had previously been owned by Spain and then France. President Thomas Jefferson invested his time, energy, and political capital into this project and took direct charge of its initial planning and organization. The expedition
Their exploration would encourage people to explore this new land themselves. Along the way, Clark drew maps of all the land they covered, which would aid citizens in reaching a new settlement (Legendary Lewis and Clark Expedition Characters). Over many years to come, citizens would continue to explore and settle in this land, eventually forming the 48 contiguous states we know today. Lewis and Clark’s bravery in their mission encouraged and influenced many movements such as overland immigration, the Northwest Passage, the western fur trade, and much
SanJaya Reed Mr. McCormick AP US History 4A January 19, 2015 Thomas Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase was a very imperative moment during Thomas Jefferson’s presidency. He concluded that he would buy all 827,000 square miles of Louisiana, land west of the Mississippi River, for approximately 15 million dollars in 1803.
One of Thomas Jefferson’s best achievements was buying the Louisiana Purchase at 15 million dollars in 1803. This land is more than 820,000 square miles long. Jefferson then commissioned Lewis and Clark to explore the uncharted lan. At the time, most Americans lived within 50 miles of the Atlantic Ocean. The expedition, known today as the Corps of Discovery, lasted from 1804 to 1806 and provided valuable information about the geography,
The Lewis and Clark expedition brought many conflicts among the spectacular journey. Their expedition was extremely important, yet unpleasantly dangerous. Lewis and Clark traveled from the middle east to the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, overcoming tough winters, rough terrain, and unfriendly Indian tribes. Each day brought new important information, but also unwelcoming hardships. Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana territory in 1803 by France, planning to expand the U.S territory, and National Archives stated, ”Jefferson hoped that Lewis and Clark would find a water route linking the Columbia and Missouri rivers.
The Effects of The Louisiana Purchase It was a controversial debate on whether the Louisiana purchase would be a good investment or not. In attempt to gain the ownership of the mississippi, necessary for trade and transportation, Thomas Jefferson offered Napolean 10 million for the French Orleans territory. The Louisiana purchase was a benefit to the long development of the now, United States of America. The purchase helped the united states because it was very cheap and a big section of land, it more than doubled the size of it, and it helped them gain worldly power.
It helped to establish the United States territorial claim to large portions of the western territories, which would prove invaluable in the years to come. Without the Lewis and Clark Expedition, it is difficult to imagine how the United States would have been able to establish itself as a major global power with control over one of the richest and most productive territories on the planet. Finally the expedition was important from a cultural perspective. It helped to create a sense of national identity and purpose, and it inspired a new generation of Americans to explore the world around them.
Members chosen for the expedition were sought after for skills that included hunting, blacksmithing, and gunsmithing, making United States Army soldiers a good option for crew who traveled by land, water and horseback, for nearly 8,000 miles over mountains, through plains and by rivers (The Lewis and Clark Expedition, 2016). The success of the Lewis and Clark expedition was important to science, as they made important observations about the land of North America that lead to creation of maps with Captain Clark having the duty of mapping the landscape because of his experience: the result of maps made by Clark became one of the most important achievements of the western exploration. (The Lewis and Clark Expedition, 2016). The scientific information collected on geography, meteorology, cultures, and animal life and plant life were greatly important to the nation (Corps of Discover, 2016). The trip also was partially useful in creating peaceful relations with the American Indians in territories of the Northwest, although not all tribes were accepting of the gestures, giving gifts was important to building peaceful relationships with the American Indians (The Corp of Discovery, 2016).
The Louisiana Purchase was land that was bought by America from France. By purchasing this land it opened new opportunities for faster trade and more land that they could use to colonize. The two famous explorers that were able to discover and chart new routes that could be used. For example on one of their journeys they were able to find an overland route that would get them through the mountain range. Drafted and put into act by the U.S president Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of State James Madison the Embargo Act of 1807 would control the trade in and out of the U.S. “during the continuance of the, act laying an embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and harbors of the United States (Embargo Act 1807).”
This purchase benefitted the United States in many ways: it almost doubled the United States in size, gave control and more protection with control of the Mississippi River, and allowed the Lewis and Clark expedition of 1804-06. All of the newly owned empty, free space naturally attracted farmers, adventurers, and entrepeuers
The Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana purchase was one of the biggest land purchases in history. In 1803, the United States paid around $15 million dollars for around 800,000 square miles of land. This was arguably the greatest achievement of thomas jefferson’s presidency. The louisiana territory was a wild card in the european game of imperialism.
New Orleans being a port city, it was a good passage for trade. Despite this, a rebellion in Haiti had shifted his focus off of the territory. Now that the land held no benefit to him, and was a large mass just taking up space, he decided his best option was to sell the land and gain the money for France (“Background”). Jefferson's only concern was securing the waterway into the Gulf of Mexico. He offered a sum of two million dollars for the port city alone.