The functions of the human cardiopulmonary system can be broken down into two, circulatory system and the respiratory system. The main goal of these two systems is to maintain homeostasis in our body. Homeostasis can be described as a type of condition where the internal continuity of an individual has to keep steadiness, regardless of any external changes from the outside environment. External changes from the outside environment may include factors such as excitement, stress, exercise, diet, and much more. Exercise can be carried out because the human body can endure a high level of exercise during a prolonged period of time. In this experiment, we will focus on how exercise, in particular, affects the cardiopulmonary physiology of boys across different body mass indexes.
Many people once thought that diseases were in no way beneficial. However the book, "Survival of the Sickest" by Dr. Sharon Moalem, tells us about how certain diseases had an important role in the survival of our ancestors. Even though diseases are deadly and harmful, they helped our ancestors survive throughout history. Out of the many diseases stated throughout the book, I chose hemochromatosis, diabetes, and favism.
In reality, nobody should know better than ourselves what is happening in our own body. When we care about ourselves, we become aware of many signs that we didn’t notice before. It is the beginning of our studies of diabetes self management, and as time and experiences go, we do become
The organs involved in the homeostatic system of salt regulation are pineal gland, pituitary glands, thyroid gland ,thymus, adrenal, pancreas, ovary and testis. All our bodies removes uneeded fluid by filtering your blood through your kidney, via osmosis, to draw excess water out of your blood. This requires a balance of sodium and potassium to pull the water across the wall from the bloodstream into a collecting channel in the kidney. A high salt diet will alter this sodium balance, causing the kidneys to have reduced function and remove less water resulting in higher blood pressure. This puts strain on the kidneys and can lead to kidney disease.A high salt intake has been shown to increase the amount of protein in the urine which is a major risk factor for the decline of kidney function. There is also increasing evidence that a high salt intake may increase deterioration of kidney disease in people already suffering from kidney problems
Fed Up is a documentary made in 2014 that is based on the issues caused by the American food industry. Fed Up, uncovers America’s true secrets about the food people consume every day. More specifically, it reveals the affect sugar has on people’s bodies. As a result, the amount of sugar in food, the bodies consent of glucose, and the satisfying taste it brings, too much sugar could cause certain sicknesses causing the body to not work the way it supposed to.
Looking back to when I was studying GCSE’s I remember fondly my science classes and recall my enthusiasm to participate and absorb the knowledge being taught by my teachers. These classes exposed me to a lot of different and amazing topics, Homeostasis being one of them which held my attention and curiosity completely. This process intrigued me due to the biological reactions that are linked between every organ, tissues and cells of our body which keep us alive. Studying Biomedical Sciences would teach me a vast array of different topics like Anatomy, Cellular Biology and Pharmacology which would give me a further understanding on the functions of life.
Dumping syndrome is a known problem for persons who have undergone gastric, esophageal or bariatric surgeries. It is believed to as a direct consequence of the rapid transit of large osmotically active food particles into the lumen of the small intestine. It is estimated that up to 1 in 5 people who have had parts of their stomach removed for whatever reasons develop the condition.
Homeostasis is the body's method of keeping internal stability no matter what external influence disturbs its normal functioning (Anna, 2011). And the respiratory system is one of the systems in the body that helps to maintain homeostasis by maintaining pH and regulating gas exchange. The main function of this system is take in oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide. This system has external respiration and internal respiration. External respiration is a mechanical process that exchange of gases in and out of the body, while internal respiration is the chemical process that breaking down nutrients with oxygen to produce energy. Lung volume and lung capacity are two measurements of respiratory health and measured during pulmonary functions tests. It is show the physical condition of the lungs. Pulmonary ventilation, or breathing, is the process of air flowing into the lungs during inspiration (inhalation) and out of the lungs during expiration (exhalation). Air flows because of pressure differences between the atmosphere and the gases inside
The cardiovascular system also known as the circulatory system consists of the heart and blood vessels. One of the most important jobs it has is to “circulate” blood. The heart works to pump the deoxygenated blood to the lungs for gas exchange while simultaneously pumping oxygenated blood to the body’s tissues. The blood vessels work to continuously bring the blood to all areas of the body which helps regulate body temperature. The flow of oxygenated blood to the tissues helps deliver nutrients such as amino acids and electrolytes, water and oxygen. Also, it’s responsible for removing metabolic waste from the cells and disposing of carbon dioxide. The cardiovascular system’s anatomy varies throughout the body and is connected by the arteries, veins, and capillaries. The main organ of the cardiovascular system is the heart. It 's located in the upper torso, chest area, as are some of the body 's major blood vessels. One main blood vessel is the Femoral Artery, it 's role
The endocrine system helps regulate homeostasis by producing and secreting hormones. When talking about Plasma Glucose, Insulin, and Diabetes Mellitus, the endocrine organ that is involved is the pancreas. The pancreas produces Glucagon and Insulin. These two hormones help regulate plasma glucose, also referred to as blood glucose, levels. Glucagon increases blood glucose and Insulin decreases blood glucose levels. When blood glucose levels are too low, Glucagon sends a message for the glycogen to be broken down into glucose to be released into the blood.
The Female Reproductive System has several functions and plays a major role in a woman’s body. The ovaries produce the female eggs which are called the Ova or Oocytes. The Oocytes are transported to the Fallopian Tube which fertilization by sperm can occur. The fertilized egg then moves to the uterus, which the uterline lining has thickened in response to the normal hormones of the reproductive cycle. The fertilized egg in the uterus can implant into the thickened uterline and continue to develop; if the fertilization doesn’t happen the uterline lining begins to shed and this is called menstrual flow. The female reproductive system also produces female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle. During menopause the female reproductive system eventually stops making the female hormones necessary for the reproductive cycle to work. When this happens the menstrual cycle can become irregular and eventually stop. After one year of a woman being without a menstrual cycle she is considered menopausal.
DNA has a massive job of keeping you alive. In essence, a microscopic strand of genes support your entire body and life. There are many smaller jobs protein has to accomplish that combine to accomplish the main job of supporting life. To start, DNA codes for proteins and every protein provide an essential biological function. Also, cells make up tissues, organs, and body systems. Body systems interact with each other to maintain homeostasis.
The endocrine system is such an important system to the body because it functions the bodies use of hormones. The body uses many different hormones and the endocrine system regulates these. When the glands of the endocrine system secrete the hormones, the hormones are put into the bloodstream to be sent to the different parts of the body. The glands that comprise the endocrine system are the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and the pineal gland which are all located in the brain, the thyroid, parathyroid, and thymus which are located in the throat, the adrenals and pancreas which are located in the body’s midsection, and the ovaries (female) and testes (male) which are located in the pelvic region. The system is so important because it regulates the body’s metabolism, growth and sexual development, digestion, heart rate, and many of the other body functions regulated by hormones.
Blood glucose test or monitoring is a quantitative test. This test used to measure the amount of sugar in the blood. This test is usually done by an individual who suffers from diabetes to determine and monitor their daily blood glucose level. This test is a good way in order to determine the patient’s type of treatment and also determine the level of blood glucose either too high or low. A research done by the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial done in 1993 showed that blood glucose monitoring led to lesser complications in disease. An individual with diabetes should conduct this test several times a day depending on doctor’s recommendation to determine the type of dietary intake and also treatment that should be done. (Dudekula AB,