They lied for different reasons, Abigail for greed and her own twisted dreams, John and Elizabeth for keep John's name clean. The lying led to many deaths, and much confusion. I think Arthur Miller was trying to tell us through The Crucible that you should always be honest even if it hurts you or
The Scarlet Letter: a story full of judgment,discrimination, and sexual stereotypes. Since the beginning of times society has been a place ruled by men. A world where women had always been looked as an inferior race despite the gender equality there should be. If a man cheats on a women, society will blame it on her, justifying the male gender actions. In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne appoints the novel in Puritan, New England, a capricious, and strictly religious society.
The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, in the tale of sin, revenge, and punishment, Hester Prynne involves herself in self-deception due to being caught up in a fraudulent interpretation of her sin and lives in an opaque concept of a better life. Hawthorne 's emotional and psychological drama revolves around Hester Prynne, who is convicted of adultery in colonial Boston by the civil and Puritan authorities. She is condemned to wear the scarlet letter "A" on her chest as a permanent sign of her sin. Consequently, Hester is complicated by her own interpretation of the letter and is embittered by the fact that she deems her punishment and the trials of her punishment will disappear along with the removal of the Scarlet Letter revealed by the characterization of her attitude in the novel. In the beginning, Hester attempts to prove that she does not care about what other people think, but later becomes paranoid and wants to escape from being the product of wrongdoing that the town perceives her as.
In Hawthorne's novel The Scarlet Letter, Dimmesdale’s cowardice makes him responsible for his own and the other main characters suffering. Dimmesdale is responsible for his own misery. Cowardice is the reason for Dimmesdale’s suffering. Why he doesn't admit to his adultery with hester. Which makes him guilt ridden and he doesn't want to admit that he did it cause he is to high up in society and he doesn't want the rest of the town to see that he has committed the sin of adultery.
Hawthorne is not as straight forward with this symbol as he is in “The Birthmark”, but it is still a strong symbol when examined closely. The members of Reverend Hooper’s church are under the impression that he has committed an awful crime and is concealing a secret sin. Readers are comfortable believing his because of Hawthorne’s footnote in the original text concerning the Reverend Joseph Moody who wore a black veil after killing a dear friend (Hawthorne 8). The secret sin in “The Minister’s Black Veil” is an affair he had with the young woman who they laid to rest, and that he could have something to do with her death. The veil makes its first appearance on the day of her funeral, and Reverend Hooper says that it is a sign of mourning, but mourning who?
When Reverend Parris watched this madness, a whirl of lies and unnecessary blame surrounds the girls. Elizabeth Proctor gets caught up in her husband’s mess when he commits adultery with the ring leader of the girls, Abigail Williams. Arthur Miller's play The Crucible shows that forgiving yourself and others is key in relationships. In the beginning, Elizabeth Proctor’s relationship with her husband John is very awkward. Going against the Ten Commandments back in Puritan times was considered one of the worst things you could do and would have deadly consequences.
Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter (1850), is a worthy allegorical novel in which a young woman commits the sin of adultery with a local pastor and gets pregnant, once the townspeople realize they punish her by forcing her to use the symbol of adultery. Light and dark symbolisms can be reduced easily to white and black, hence to good and bad. For Hawthorne, the interplay between white and black, or light and dark does not serve a mere imagery purpose or a descriptive one. They are entrenched profoundly with the intangible world. Hawthorne’s use of symbols in The Scarlet Letter serves as a mean to denounce the social behavior of the characters, such as the sinful soul of Hester Prynne, the troubled stand of Reverend Dimmesdale or the perverse
At the start of The Crucible, By Arthur Miller, you see that one of the central causes of the witch trials was because he was more concerned with his own reputation than the lives of others. He uses his bibliocentric views and high status to justify his selfish motives and protect his reputation. This is apparent within the very first lines when he finds out that his daughter, Betty, is sick. “Abigail, I have fought here three long years to bend these stiff-necked people to me, and now, just now when some good respect is rising for me in the parish, you compromise my very character.” Instead of being worried about Betty’s health, he is more concerned about his reputation and what people would think if they suspected witchcraft. This is repeated throughout the first act when he calls Mr. Hale claiming that he will be able to prove that there’s no witchcraft involved.
The time period in which the Scarlet Letter takes place is centered around the strict moral codes and harsh punishments of the Puritan religion and culture. Puritan women convicted of adultery would be publicly shamed and punished by the community, which is the fate Hester Prynne suffers. As a result of her infidelity, the townspeople inflict public humiliation on Hester by forcing her to wear the scarlet letter “A” on her bosom and by ordering her to stand on the scaffold, a platform Puritans used to excommunicate sinners. The walk to the scaffold serves as a prime example of the isolation inflicted upon Hester within the novel because she underwent an "agony from every footstep of [the people who] thronged to see her, as if her heart had been flung in the street for them all to spurn and trample upon" (Hawthorne 64). Courageously, Hester decides to embrace her punishment on the scaffold by taking her baby on her arm and, with a contemptuous smile, looking directly at the townspeople, boldly revealing the “A” embroidered by her chest.