In the beginning of the 19th century, the United States had minimal interest in becoming an empire who controlled overseas countries. Instead, Americans decided to just use Manifest Destiny on their own continent as their form of expansion. In the late 1800s, the frontier was announced to be “closed”, so Americans were forced to look overseas in order to expand trade by looking for new markets. After America made the decision to support Cuba in its revolt against Spain during the Spanish-American war, the United States gained its own colonial empire when it defeated Spain in 1898. Once the war ended, Americans had to debate between becoming an imperialist empire or remaining in isolationism.
Colonialism has brought bad blood between nations, some were beneficial to the colonizers, and some former colonies are still struggling to rise today and are dubbed “third world countries.” Three hundred years ago, parts of the world today did not exist for themselves; they existed for others. Colonialism has been long fought against and the wars that occurred in the light of freedom paved the way to the world today: interconnected, independent. Albeit European colonialism brought a wider global coverage and led to the discovery of new nations, it also benefited them the most in terms of the superiority they gained by colonizing and being wealthier by creating new economic ports around the world. Racial discrimination and thirst for economic gain derived from the lasting effects of colonialism, but above all this infused the spirit of nationalism and thirst for equality, and the improvement of cultures and men’s and women’s roles in society. Loss of identity occurred as their culture is overlapped and stripped off with large scale conversions of the Western ideals.
European Imperialism has greatly affected many nations and areas of the world. The whole continents of South America and Africa were colonized, and the effects of this colonization is still here today. European Imperialism fundamentallu altered the Chinese civilization by replacing the monarchy, and introducing the Chinese people to new technologies. Replacement of Dynastic MonarchyImage result for taiping rebellion European Imperialism encouraged the replacement of the thousands of years old dynastic monarchy in China. Repeated Qing interactions with the Europeans that ended in failure tested the peasants, who revolted in rebellions such as the Taiping rebellion.
The industrial revolution propelled African imperialism to a level the world had never seen before. During the late 19th century, borders in Europe became difficult to alter and the only way to expand was in other continents like Africa. Europe exposed Africa’s weakness and preyed on them, leaving the continent in disarray. The industrial revolution induced African imperialism for economic prosperity, the rise in cultural and social power, and political motives. Economic prosperity had a major impact on the advancement of African imperialism.
The Anti-Federalist believed that the Constitution granted too much power to the federal courts and took power from the states, depriving citizens of liberties. The Federalist believed that "The smaller the number of individuals composing a majority, and the smaller the compass within which they are placed, the more easily will they concert and execute their plans of oppression. Extend the sphere, and you take in a greater variety of parties and interests; you make it less probable that a majority of the whole will have a common motive to invade the rights of other citizens" (Federalist Papers, No. 10). The Anti-Federalist wanted a national representation large enough to secure a substantial representation of the middle class, but not a very large one.
Europe had colonized approximately 90% of the continent by 1914, ignoring how unjust not seeking African participation had been. African leaders had no representation during the proceedings to divide their land. With only the countries of Liberia and Ethiopia remaining independent, Europeans were at their height. The first main driving force for European imperialism in Africa was political competition. European political rivalry for Africa’s land only intensified the already tense situation, giving further reason for European countries to colonize Africa.
European imperialism rapidly increased in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries due to economic, political, and social forces. Technology from the industrial revolution started and advanced the desire for more control that European nations obtained. Economic forces such as “survival of the fittest”, political forces like powers of the government and wars, and also social forces such as segregation of races all contributed to imperialism. Political factors played the strongest part in spreading and increasing imperialism. In Focus on World History: The Era of the First Global Age and Revolution by Phan Thanh Gian, the french imperialism was explained.
To a major extent, the political ideology of the Jeffersonian Republican party resembled that of the Anti-Federalists in the debates that occurred during the ratification of the US Constitution. Anti-Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republican party favored the people more than the elites that the Federalists and Hamiltonian Federalists party favored. The main ideology in the Anti Federalists and Jeffersonian party were to have the power and say in government be more in the people’s hands rather than having it to select few elites. The Anti-Federalists and the Jeffersonian party believed in preserving individual liberties, which can be shown during the ratification of the constitution and how the Bill of Rights made it into the constitution.
Imperialists often profess to have an interest in the development of a people or state they intend to conquer. And sometimes there is indeed evidence of ‘development’, but the benefits to the imperialists are always disproportionately greater. The Region has its politico-economic genesis in the bowels of imperialism. The Region, consequently, has progressed or retrogressed within this very context of imperialism. Imperialism has condemned the Caribbean Region to ‘Third World’ status perpetually it seems.