Child Labor Child Labor According to a survey financed by the International Labor Organization (June 2011) there are 5.59 million child laborers toiling in the Philippines and almost of them are weakening in hazardous conditions. Hazardous child labor is defined as being likely to harm children’s health, safety or morals by its nature or circumstances. Children may be directly exposed to obvious work hazards such as a sharp or poisonous chemicals. According to the US Department of the Labor the Philippines is one of the over 120 countries where the worst forms of child labor continue to exists .the exploitation of these numbers of Filipino children is in prostitution, pornography, agriculture, domestic work, drug trafficking and child soldiering!! !
In 1865, the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution ended the institution of slavery. After 152 years modern day slavery still exists and has evolved under a different appearance and known as “Human Trafficking” in today’s society and it still harms people all around the world .From the appearance of the labor, slavery has been an issue because it forces humans to work under bad conditions. Each year, thousands of people are trafficked across borders or internally, and exploited for cheap labor or sexual services. People are forced to work in factories, domestic work and agriculture. Children are taken away from their school life, education and used as soldiers, and forced in marriage.
One of the most serious problems that Nike’s illegal practices are responsible for is the physical, mental, and sexual abuse that the young workers might undergo in their working conditions. The children are not given proper training nor are they provided the necessary safety equipment, but they are also exposed to toxic material. They are also paid a meager stipend of an average of $1.60 a day when the necessary amount for survival is at least $3.00. They are expected to work an average of 60 to 70 hours a week. Although Nike signed a pledged to stop using workers in hazardous situations in 1998, there are still numerous companies worldwide that constantly abuse the basic rights of children.
There are a lot of toddlers being abused in illegal daycares. Some of them are badly injured and the others are dead because of nannies’ brutal act. Thus, there are many reasons for these tragic accidents which happen every year. The first reason is public daycares are having an oversupply of kids. Families who have toddlers living in the big city or the capital are having difficulty in finding public daycares, especially families with low income or don’t have city household.
According to “From the Sweat of our Children,” “More than 200 million children today are child labourers,” (1). This staggering statistic is true in modern society of today because higher class business owners that want to take advantage of children who are willing to work in brutal conditions for little to no pay. Child labor is taking away millions of children’s rights which include the right to education, right to play, and the right not to be discriminated against. Child labor is an important problem because it is putting the lives of children at risk mentally, physically, and emotionally. Due to the presence of child labor, millions of children’s rights are being taken away from them especially in the countries of China, Pakistan, and Nepal who should be working to abolish child labor.
Discrimination and racism are epidemics that many populations, including the Roma, suffer from, and it impacts them in childhood through adulthood. The Roma people are a prime example of a population that has been victimized by racism since their arrival in Europe. Facing prejudice at every turn has caused most of the Roma people to live in extreme poverty, with little access to education, medical care, and information regarding the programs and organizations set up to help them. These people are stuck in a seemingly endless cycle of poverty caused by discrimination, and vice versa. Poverty makes it difficult for people to supply their children with the basic necessities of food, clothing and shelter; much less school expenses or transportation costs to get to a school or job, while racial or ethnic profiling makes it difficult to qualify for a job or get accepted into schools in the first place.
Child trafficking has been a serious problem plaguing the world and it is still ongoing today. This essay, however, will be focusing on forced child labour. Child labour explained by the ILO’s (International Labour Organization) Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, is the exploitation and “enslavement of anyone under the age of 18. Any work deemed to be harmful to the health, safety or morals of the child is considered to be child labour” (Child Labor, 2014). Globally, as of 2012, report from ILO shows approximately 20.9 million people are in forced labour with 26% making up of children aged 17 years and below.
There is a huge debate that has been going on for years. The topic: do child soldiers deserve amnesty? There are thousands of children out there today who are suffering from being forced to fight. Many may not know it, but these children are forced to live in dirt filled, humid, dry shacks. These are not the best living conditions.
They had little or no time to play. Those children are deprived of their childhood. They do not receive proper education, nutrition and care. Many of the children are engaged in even worse forms of child labor like working in hazardous environment and slavery. Even some of them are involved in extremely illicit activities like prostitution and drug trafficking.