Historians point to a number of reasons that caused the American Revolution, but I believe the two most important things that affected the colonies was the French and Indian War along with the British policy changes that they had made after the Seven-Year War. The French and British had, had a long history of not getting along. When the French tried to take over more land towards the Ohio River Valley, the British decided it was time to declare war. It could be known as the first “World War” because it took place not only in the Americas but also a lot of Europe. The French put up quite the fight.
In 1776, the British colonists that were living in America were getting tired of Great Britain’s control. The British were strictly ruling the colonies at this time, and the colonists decided that they were going to fight back. Firstly, colonists were given hefty taxes. Great Britain did this to receive more money, since they are in debt from the French and Indian War. Also, there were many unfair laws that were being instilled.
The war was also referred to as the French and Indian War in the American colonies due to who the British were fighting and the Seven Years' War in Europe even though the war technically lasted for nine years. This was because the war in Europe officially began in 1756
To help pay for the cost of the Seven Years’ War, taxes was increased in the American colonies. The rapid deviations in the colonists’ lives began to create tension between the Empire and colonies. These unforeseen consequences of the Seven Years’ War altered the political relations, independence, and ultimately the loyalty of the American colonist. The British American colonies, with little aid or presence from the British Empire, began to thrive and establish themselves. However, after the Seven
Over the seven years that the war lasted, the British defeated the French and now had control of most of the land. Howard Zinn, author of A People’s History of the United States, accentuates about how the British could continue its ruling over the colonies, “With the French defeated, the British government could turn its attention to tightening control over the colonies” (Zinn 60). While the British were planning their control over the colonies, the “ambitious colonial leaders were no longer a threat by the French. They had only two rivals left: The English and the Indians” (Zinn 59). The colonists had begun their plans to separate from the British and now considered the British their rivals.
Another major event was when the Declaration of Independence was established. The Second Continental Congress declared that the 13 colonies were marked independent from Britain. However, the American Revolution continued because the British did not want to have the American colonies taken away from them. On September 19, 1777 and October 7, 1777, the Battles of Saratoga were fought and it marked a turning point for the Revolutionary War. After both of these battles occurred, John Burgoyne, who was the British commander, surrendered to the American troops.
The French and Indian War was important to the American Revolution because the debt from the war was the reason that Parliament started taxing the colonists. Also, the French and Indian War made Britain very weak, making the colonists’ actions work a whole lot better. Since France was not happy with the outcome of their war with Britain this was a main reasons for France’s interest in helping the now Americans throughout the Revolutionary War, which was very important to the colonies’ victory. The reason why Britain started to tax the colonists was because of the debt resulting from the French and Indian War. The first tax was the the tax on sugar, which was put on the colonists to help pay off the war debt.
However, Washington was able to give them the direction and motivation to keep going.Over the course of the grueling eight-year war, the colonial forces won few battles but consistently held their own against the British. In October 1781, with the aid of the French (who allied themselves with the colonists over their rivals the British), the Continental forces were able to capture British troops under General Charles Cornwallis(1738-1805) in Yorktown, Virginia. This action effectively ended the Revolutionary War and Washington was declared a national hero. According to BBC-History-Historic Figures: George Washington,In 1783, with a peace treaty signed between Great Britain and the U.S., Washington, believing he had done his duty, gave up his command of the army and returned to Mount Vernon, intent on resuming his life as a gentleman farmer and family man. However, in 1787, he was asked to attend the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia and head the committee to draft the new constitution.
The Vietnam War was a conflict that was extremely controversial. President Johnson’s decision to start the war as well as his refusal to admit defeat caused a huge amount of outrage in America. America failed in its overall goal of Containing Communism because the Vietnam War delivered a huge loss for America in terms of lives, money, and morale, and the war did not prevent Vietnam from falling to the Communist North Vietnamese. The Vietnam War was extremely taxing to America in many ways. Most importantly, American combat in Vietnam resulted in the death of 56,000 and left 300,000 wounded.
Thus, the sailors and sea men of England did a lot towards the colonising policy and consequently, the English colonies were practically in every part of the world. The Dark Sides of the Elizabethan Era Although, there are a lof of good sides of the reign of Elizabet I, there are some downsides, too. Elizabethan England had the continued population growth that made worse the economy of the country. The economy, additionally, was put in trobles by serious harvest failures in every decade of Elizabethan era. Consequently, there were a lot of unemployment and starvation.
The seeds of the revolution were sown in the French and Indian War, a conflict which turned the geopolitical landscape of North America on its head. The two great powers of France and Britain duked it out for world dominance for nine years, and by the end of the conflict France had been relegated to its sugar fields in the Caribbean. Where there had once been a formidable enemy which threatened the very existence of the colonies before, there was now simply a void, land free for the taking. However the British did
The American Revolution combined with the Seven and Nine Years’ Wars caused heavy expenditures for France, it wasn’t capable of raising funds to equate to the level of debt it had. Louis XV was naïve in believing that with the absence of a central bank France would have been able to reduce its debt, when in reality the wars were financed by
Finally, it is important to consider the role of identity in decolonisation. As W.A. Speck points out, the Seven Years War resulted in ‘a growing conviction among the colonists that they were no longer British but Americans’ (Speck, 2008, p.23). As the colonial forces had suffered defeats, the metropole treated them as a second rate fighting force. It is most likely the haughty attitude of the British military personnel sparked the disdain of British rule.
Early after the Seven Years’ War Americans felt that they were apart “of a great empire.” However this sense of national pride that the Americans held would soon come to an end. After the war many assumed that the British “troops would be disbanded,” however that was not the plan of King George III. He decided to leave the troops in America, supposedly for the protection and preservation of order in the newly conquered territories. (America Past and Present, P. 108) The British government shortly after passed the Proclamation of 1763 which forbade settlement passed the Appalachian Mountains. (America Past and Present, P. 108) These two decisions irritated the colonist because having British troops in the colonies made the colonist feel that, one they were being controlled, and two being obstructed from legitimate economic development.
In the mid to late 1700s England’s period of little involvement with the American colonies came to an end. When the British came over to fight, and eventually win, for the Americas they finally saw how much had developed. The British victory over the French in North America inevitably led to the American Revolution because it caused massive debt for England, and it ended the Era of Salutatory Effect for the colonists The British involvement in the French and Indian war ended up putting them in severe debt. Wars are expensive endeavors, the country must provide soldiers with food, clothing, weapons, transportation, payment for their services, and compensate families for losses. During the French and Indian war, also known by England as the