What Are The Similarities Between Athens And Sparta

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Athens and Sparta were two major city-states in old Greek. We review their governance and compare them for their similarities and differences.

How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Who held public office? What rules governed the selection of public office holders?
In Sparta, native Spartan boys who were healthy by birth survived and became soldiers (Brand, n.d.). The Periokoi who were in Laconia and were dominated by Sparta by 750 BCE were not Spartan citizens nor slaves, but they were inferior to Spartans (Brand, n.d.). The Helots were the largest class of people living in Spartan and became slaves (Brand, n.d.). They were governed by the Spartan state and provided half of their farming to Spartans every year (Brand, n.d.). By around 730 BCE, Sparta had won the battle against the neighboring city-states of Messenia in the south-west corner of the Peloponnesus (Brand, n.d.). People in the area also became the Helots (Brand, n.d.). Only veterans of Messenian wars received the land (Brand, n.d.). This was the beginning of the Spartan aristocracy (Brand, n.d.).
The Spartan government was different from most other Greek poleis (Brand, n.d.). They had two kings at the same time and they came from separate royal families (Brand, n.d.). There was an assembly or meeting of all male citizens like most poleis in Greek, but the powers of the assembly were weak (Brand, n.d.). An

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