Introduction Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy were all forms of government found at different times and in different city-states in Ancient Greece. Elements of more than one of these forms also co-existed, however, and the modern connotations of labels such as these are not necessarily the same as those that prevailed in Ancient Greece. In this paper I firstly describe these various forms of government and provide examples of their use in Ancient Greece. I then compare and contrast the models. Monarchy Monarchy may be defined as: “a government having a hereditary chief of state with life tenure and powers varying from nominal to absolute” (Merriam Webster, n.d.).
The main objective of this essay is to describe and investigate the structure of the government in the ancient Greece’s most powerful city states, namely, Athens and Sparta. Both city states have gone through various cycles of wars, reforms, social upheaval and unrests, and each of these elements has had influenced the development of the governmental systems that we have bettered or inherited today. Athenians saw the need for fundamental changes in the government, allowing them to pave the way for direct participation of their citizens and citizen’s initiative in the democracy and elimination of the some oligarchical elements. The Sparta, although not as democratic as Athens, allowed women to be far more than reproductive machines whom were expected
Against his mother 's will and the rules of Sparta, Alexandros follows the army into battle. Xeones accompanies him, and they witness how the Spartans fight. The Persian army threatens to invade and take Sparta. The Spartans, under the leadership of Leonidas, select 300 soldiers to go on a suicide mission, among them is Dienekes who was the bravest of the Greek. Picking up allies along the way, a total Hellenic force of about 4,000 prepares to fight a much larger force of Persians.
Unlike regular enemies in the books, Poseidon and the Home Guard are the biggest enemy. For example, in the Odyssey, after Odysseus and his men escape from Polyphemus, he calls “out to lord Poseidon, thrusting his arms to the starry skies, and prayed” (Homer, 228). This proves Poseidon is a more dangerous enemy than Polyphemus. Also, in Cold Mountain, Junior calls the Home Guard and trades Inman for money. Junior says, “I get five dollars a head for every outlier I turn over” (Frazier, 222).
September 3 1939 marks the beginning of one of the most deadly wars known to mankind, World War 2. Involving six out of the seven continents, killing more than 45 million people and creating one of the most known men in mankind, Adolf Hitler. This essay will analyse “the methods used and the conditions which helped in the rise to power of one ruler of a single-party state. (Hitler)”. Adolf Hitler used chaos, violence, propaganda and a crippled government to make himself the Führer of Germany.
During this time Greeks went from rural colonies to more urban communities. Greek geography resulted in the formation of two hundred city states that created their own economy, government, and defense systems. However, when Persians decided to attack the Greek city states they came together to fight back against the Persian. Ultimately they won. Some of the works that reflect this historical event is Herodotus, also referred to as the “father of history”, who took note of the Persian wars that occurred.
But Cleisthenes did not stop there, proposing even more reforms, as according to Polis, “He also instituted the Council of 500, whose members were chosen by lot from male citizens 30 years of age or older” (“Polis”, 1998). By doing this, Cleisthenes introduced electing officials, which would become a core part of Democracy, and even made the officials take an oath swearing to act in accordance to the laws and to also act in the best interests of the Polis. According to Polis, “They also swore not to imprison any citizen except those charged with treason, revolution, or breaking their tax contracts”
After countless hours of marching, we finally see the Persian army. The Persians were on ships and we were outnumbered. A storm formed above the enemy’s ships. After hours of waiting, the storm finally came and destroyed everything in sight. We began cheering at the sight we’re seeing.
(“Alexander”)During the final battle in July 332 B.C., eight thousand Phoenicians were reportedly killed, and thirty thousand were taken as slaves. (“Alexander”)The Egyptians welcomed him as a liberator from the hated Persians; they also proclaimed him the son of Amon-Ra, the supreme Egyptian god. Historians think this may be one reason Alexander considered himself divine. To truly understand Alexander the Great, one must understand his later life. He founded the city of Alexandria on the site of the old Greek trading port of Naucratis.
Name: Mohammed Alkhaldi Instructor: Brett McCormick Exam 1 The Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War occurred between the years from 431 to 404 BC. It was a historical ancient Greek war which was fought in Athens by Athenians and its entire empire against Sparta which led the Peloponnesian League. In order to fully understand the causes of the war, it is important first to know the principle parties that were involved in the war. The Peloponnesian War involved two principle groups which were the Peloponnesian states, Sparta and Athens. There were other small parties which were involved in the war either aiding the Spartans or the Athenians such as the city states of Sicily, Attica, Corinth and Thebes.