After signing the Declaration of Independence in 1776, The 13 former colonies were undergoing an identity crisis. It was one thing to declare independence, but it was another to realize what you were now that you declared it. The Constitution was eventually written, at an attempt to create a more perfect union between the states. One of the amazing things about the Constitutional Convention was that the people knew most governments would result in either chance or war. They knew that what they were doing was sitting in a room and rationally trying to create a good government.
The United States Constitution was created to define the powers and limitations of the government. It replaced the Articles of the Confederation, and was ratified by all 13 states in 1787 (American Government, n.d.). The ratification of the Constitution was not without opposition, and the government was split into two groups: federalists, and anti-federalists. The federalist group believed that a national governing body, ruled by the elite class was necessary. Antifederalists, on the other hand, believed that state governments should have more say, and that the government should be run by ordinary people (American Government, n.d.).
A little over a decade after having declared their independence from Great Britain and working together to agree on a rudimentary constitution, the thirteen American colonies found themselves divided on a new issue. Governed by the Articles of Confederation, it soon became evident to all the sovereign states that this doctrine was inadequate, thus the provinces of the east coast convened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This was the stage for the Constitutional Convention of 1787, where James Madison, William Paterson, and Roger Sherman all argued three of the most crucial proposals that served as aggregates to the United States Constitution. These proposals were known as The Virginia Plan, The New Jersey Plan, and the resulting Connecticut Compromise. Although the convention was originally intended to amend parts of the Articles of
At the Constitutional Convention in 1787, differences between the delegates and the interests they represented made compromise absolutely necessary. Debates over representation led to two very well-known compromises. These compromises are the Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise. The Great Compromise led to the establishment of a two house legislature, which resolved disputes between small and large states. The Three-Fifths Compromise gave the South more representation by counting slaves as three-fifths of a person.
The First Continental Congress meeting took place in Philadelphia on September 1, 1774. The meeting was called in order to gain or restore the harmony between Great Britain and the American colonies. Furthermore during this meeting all the colonies present decided that each colony will get one vote and well as the proposal to have a president to be in charge and lead the congress. The second Continental Congress met to appoint a committee of five to begin to start working on the Declaration independence. According to Coleman, “Thomas Jefferson is known as the author of the Declaration of independence.”(pg.)
What is the Preamble? The Preamble is the beginning of the American Constitution which was written by Governor Morris. It describes the purpose of the government and highlights the difference between the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation. One of the phrases in the preamble is “ We the people of the United States of America”. In the past, this phrase only referred to the wealthy, white males, but now it includes all the citizens of the United States.
on September 17,1787 the delegates assembled to sign the constitution they had created. They agreeing of the compromise happened by this. First the Great Compromise appointed a committee suggested what would later be called the great compromise. the compromise is a settlement of a dispute by each party giving up some demands. Sherman 's Compromise proposed different representation in tow house legislature.
Thomas Paine’s pamphlet “Common Sense” was one of the most important documents written in the period leading to America’s independence from Britain. In this pamphlet he spoke in favor of American independence. He wanted to let his fellow colonists know that it was time to stop talking about leaving the English rule, and time to take action. He spoke of how America should form a democratic republic that allowed the people to decide what rules and laws they should have. It was written in common english, for everyone, so that every one could understand it There are many things he argues for, this essay will talk about the main points of it and how it shaped America today and other important documents.
The Connecticut Compromised of 1787 in the United States, also known as the Great Compromised, originated in the creation of legislative bodies. It joined the Virginia Plan that favored population-based representation, and the New Jersey Plan, which featured each state as an equal. Roger Sherman, of Connecticut, played an important role in building this compromise. Roger Sherman was well-regarded at the convention and was respected by many of the other members. On the morning of June 11, Sherman proposed that the proportion of suffrage in the first chamber should correspond to the respective number of free inhabitants; and in the second chamber or Senate, each state should have one vote and no more.
Madison can rightly be regarded as the principal framer of the Bill of Rights which the First Federal Congress submitted to the states in 1789. Many congressmen felt that he was acting with excessive movement in calling for quick action on the subject of amendments. If Madison did not pressed the congressmen to consider the amendments he had introduced early in the session, then the Bill of Rights might never have been added to the Constitution. Madison said that, if elected to the House of Representatives, he would favor adding to the Constitution "the most satisfactory provisions for all essential rights." Madison introduced a series of thirty-nine amendments to the constitution in the House of Representatives.
In continuation, America 's need for a new constitution was imperative. The Articles of confederation was unable to deal with the nation’s troubles. Inevitably, demand grew for a stronger, more effective national government. On May 25, 1787, the constitutional convention opened in philadelphia at the pennsylvania state House. During this convention many compromises were made, the first being the Great compromise, which combined the New Jersey plan and the Virginia plan.
They hoped to create a better government. The Constitution replaced the Article of Confederation permanently in March 4, 1789. The Constitution created checks and balances between the three branches. It also, established the Bill of Rights, and the first ten amendments of the constitution. The Constitution had to be ratified by at least nine states out of thirteen.
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, otherwise known as The Articles of Confederation, were an agreement between all of the thirteen colonies that served as the first constitution. A committee appointed by the Second Continental Congress drafted the Articles in July of 1776, a few days after the drafting of the Declaration of Independence. It was then sent to the colonies for ratification in late 1777. Ratification by 13 colonies was completed in 1781. Even when they weren’t ratified the Articles provided a system in which the Continental Congress used to direct the Revolution, conduct diplomacy with England, and deal with the Natives.
Regular free and fair elections is an example of this. In regular free and fair elections, people get to have a voice in elections. Document 6: Engraving of Virginia’s House of Burgesses says, “This legislature was made up of representative chosen by popular vote. Eventually, every colony in America would have such a legislature.” The House of Burgesses was the first legislature, so that was the start of the idea that every colony needed a legislature. Therefore, that was a work in progress.
Two days later,the second continental congress voted to adopt the declaration of independence,largely penned by Jefferson. On July 9,1776, the declaration,now with the approval of New-York, was read aloud in Philadelphia(O 'conner-30). The American government have strong constitution to protected their citizens on different issues as well as the divisions of government had a laws branches such as legislative,executive, and judicial branches assisted to the social policies. The executive branch is responsible for spending the government money the way congress is should be spent. This branch must also make sure that the people of the Unites States follow the laws that congress makes.