Howdy! In this week’s lecture, Dr. Mackin went over two broad sociological explanations of stratification in society today. These two explanations are basically the same but in different words I believe. Same message, different wording. “Between schools” basically suggest that the stratification and economic gap starts with everything outside of the classroom such as wealth, families, neighborhoods…etc. According to Dr. Mackin, this is the popular approach in the sociological world. The other approach is the “within schools” approach. The “within school” approach is just basically saying that children who grow up in a poor neighborhood/poor environment, will not get a good education to succeed and climb the ladder of economic wealth. Sociologist
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(2016) cites several authors in what they define myths surrounding social class, such as, the concept of the United States modeling a collective social class and all individuals partaking in education, will have a level playing field to be successful (Ortner, 1998; Ostrove & Cole, 2003; Yeskel, 2008; Zandy, 1996). Yeskel (n.d.) points out barriers exists denying accessibility to individual with less privilege, (as cited in Patton, et al. 2016, p.246). For example, the myth of “if you work hard, you will be successful”, fostering the idea that only individuals who put in the effort are seen as determined, and those that fall less, are lazy (Patton, et al. 2016). Moi, (1991); Swartz, (1977) examine, education does not fall far from that ideology, Bourdieu’s Theory of Social Reproduction stem from the idea that education creates inequality and maintains hierarchies. Moi (1991) states,
“Social science research show that teachers are often surprise and even distressed when poor students excel”. (203) Social class determines one’s future. Those who are higher on the social ladder may excel through life with no understanding of how they got
Through his vivid descriptions and carefully selected phrasing, he moves the reader to appreciate the significant chasm between public education for the rich and for the poor. Overall, the variety of examples demonstrate our society's inability to unite
Children in America’s Schools tells the public that children that live in inner city/ urban areas do not have high goals for themselves. In a scene from the documentary, Jonathan Kozol interviews children from these impoverished communities on their views of their school and education in general. Some of the children responded by saying they do not see themselves as having a future and question the importance of being in school. Children who live in impoverished communities deal with crime on a regular basis, and believe that they will not amount to much. However, Children in America’s Schools also provides the public with positive views on teachers.
Students with higher quality education will have the tools to be successful in the future. But, students with poor education won’t have the resources to be successful in their future. School quality and differences in education is the starting point for economic inequality, says John Powell, expert on structural
In Alex Kotlowitz’s book, There Are No Children Here, he explains the challenges and hardships a family faces growing up in the Henry Horner projects through social construct. Throughout the book, the social constructs are based off social class, discrimination, poverty, and social location. Due to where ones family is raised or comes from, their location influences ones decisions, in which may cause them to lead a life of crime. My beliefs, after completing the book, were reaffirmed. Those living in a social class below poverty, have a harder time “making it” then someone who lives on a nicer side of town.
The meaning of stratify means to arrange, group, or classify. Americans are stratified usually by socioeconomic status such as gender, race, age, social class, culture, and sexual orientation. Additional: Jobs, height, weight, friends, family, religion, education, political party Stratification is a significant threat to democracy. With this in mind, every person is stratified from the time they're born.
There is lower, middle, and upper class, but there are also subcategories that fill the gaps in between, like the impoverished and the top one percenters. “Class in America”, written by Gregory Mantsios, addresses the myths and realities about socioeconomic class in America and how they affect American lives. His article highlights the unequal divide that has persisted over the course of history and will continue to manifest in the future. To introduce the existence of this issue, Mantsios states that this country’s citizens “don’t like to talk about class...or class privileges, or class oppression, or the class nature of society” (Mantsios 378). This is the case in America today because people are neglecting to acknowledge the existence of these elusive
In the article, The Resegregation of Jefferson County, a wide variety of different sociological aspects are portrayed under the fight to separate the school, Gardendale, from the rest of the Jefferson County school system. Multiple different inequalities are discussed in different forms throughout this article specifically including income, institutional racism, and neo-racism. All of these forms of social stratification are still alive today. Social stratification is described as “inequalities among individuals and groups within human societies. (Giddens, Duneier, Applebaum, Carr, p. 194)”
No matter where you’re from there has always been inequality. For instance, “Professor Carlson informed James that he was very, very sorry to disappoint him, but they had decided to take his classmate Wiliamiam McPherson instead. ‘Did they say why?’ Marilyn asked, and james replied, ‘ I wasn’t the right fit for the department, they said” (Ng, P. 50).
These students don’t get equal opportunities as those students attending elite schools. Authors Toni Cade Bambara and Jonathon Kozol have written vivid examples on how working class students have been impacted by segregation in school. Working class schools
In James W. Loewen’s “The Land of Opportunity,” he states that social class affects the way children are raised. He discusses the inequality in today’s society and how the textbooks in high school do not give any social class information. The students in today’s time are not taught everything they should be taught. He states that your family’s wealth is what makes up your future. Loewen discusses that people with more money can study for the SATs more productively and get a better score than someone who has less money.
I was amazed to read that in the affluent school, some of the children mention they will rather not be rich. Rich meant that they could not work and they will rather work since they liked working. In the executive school, I was bothered by the comment that a teacher stated. A teacher associated low-income children with discipline problems. I think that teacher generalized an observation he
Theories of late adulthood development are quite diverse in later adulthood than at any other age. They include self-theory, identity theory and stratification theory. The self-theory tries to explain the core self and search to maintain one’s integrity and identity. The older adults tend to integrate and incorporate their various experiences with their vision and mission for their respective community (Berger, 2008). Also, the older people tend to feel that their attitude, personalities and beliefs have remained in a stable state over their lives even as they acknowledge that physical changes have taken place in their bodies.
In this way inequality becomes justified. However Bowles and Gintis argue that rewards in education and occupation are based not on ability but on social background. The higher a person’s class or origin the more likely they are to attain top qualifications and a top job. See Bourdon (position theory); Bourdiau (cultural capital); and Bernstein (language and class). For Bowles and Ginitis then, school can be seen to legitimize social inequality.