While historians have mixed opinions on the impact of the Space Race and Arms Race on the Cold War, it is undeniable that their legacy still impacts modern life. The US and the USSR were the main to participants in the Arms Race that followed WWII. The US began the Arms Race already equipped with the technology to form atomic bombs, like they had demonstrated in WWII. However, they were surprised with how quickly the USSR caught up to them when they tested their first atomic bomb in 1949. Both sides were fearful that they would be caught in a “missiles gap,” meaning that they had less missiles or warheads than the other side.
During the many years of the Cold War, the biggest fear was nuclear warfare between the US and Russia, then known as the USSR (“The Cold War…” 2). With the recent creation of nuclear bombs, no one knew the magnitude of the damage that would be caused, but everybody for sure feared it. The Cold War went on for many years beyond the 1960’s, and the amount of fear felt by millions remained. Modern warfare, compared to warfare in the 1960’s, has changed drastically. The modern war fought was the war in Iraq after 9/11.
The other hot war that went on was the Vietnam war between South and North korea. The vietnam war was said to be during the period of 1955 and finished around the year 1965. Some key events of the cold war were , The berlin airlift (1948) this is where the soviet union had an attempt to get rid of all the allies in berlin to gain more control. Forming of nato ( 1949) the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an alliance based around the north atlantic and this was formed on April 4th 1949.Forming of Warsaw ( 14th May 1955) The Warsaw pact was a political alliance between the Soviet Union and also many Eastern European countries. The U-2 incident ( 1st of may 1960 ) The U-2 incident happened during the cold war when Nikita Khrushchev was premier of the soviet union.This event occurred 13 days before the four powers had a meeting with the united states , Soviet union
After the American use of the atomic bomb on Japan in 1945, the tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union grew exponentially. A weapon with so much destructive power in the hands of the enemy was justifiability seen as a huge threat to the Soviets` safety and influence. The Soviets constructed their own nuclear bomb in response during August of 1948, and began a competition began between the two nations. Each country attempted to produce forces more impressive than the other`s, leading to the creation of increasingly ruinous weaponry. The constantly stressed situation proved sensitive to any movement by either country, altered domestically or otherwise.
The Cold War is a term used to describe the relationship between the USA and the USSR (Soviet Union) after the World War II. It is the period of time from 1947 to 1991 when ideologies of USA and USSR – which are capitalism and communism – clashed against each other. Also, both sides aimed for the hegemony position and power expansion. The dissolution of the Soviet Union marked the end of the Cold War, precisely on December 26th, 1991. The defeat of Soviet Union left the USA as a single hegemony of the world, making it the only super power country with no rival to be fight against for the title.
The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Ultimately, this was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict. This crisis was unique in a number of ways; it represented the convergence of several trends in the U.S foreign policy, one of which was the long time assumption of a hegemonic role in the western hemisphere. The dramatic crisis was also characterized by the fact that it was primarily played out at the White House and the Kremlin level with relatively little input from the respective bureaucracies typically involved in the foreign policy process. However, the Soviet Unions demand to have an important
The Cold War was the ideological, geopolitical and economic struggle between the two major superpowers at the time, the United States of America (USA) and the Soviet Union (USSR). The United States of America stood for capitalism whereas the Soviet Union stood for communism, each was regarded by the other as The Evil. The Cold War began in 1947 with the end of the Second World War and ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. These two superpowers never engaged directly in hot war as the both possessed nuclear weapons after 1949 and the concept of mutually assured destruction would become a reality if either side made any direct threats to the other. As a result, this war was fought in a series of proxy wars which is a war instigated by a major power which does not itself become involved, the Battle of Cuito Cuanavale is an prime example of this.
During the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis took place. It was when two superpowers were close to causing a nuclear war. Its main origin was when the United States invaded Cuba, on April 10, 1961; which is also known as the Bay of Pigs invasion. After the invasion, previous Prime Minister; Fidel Castro of Cuba, was ‘paranoid’ because he felt like America was planning another attack. So in order to protect his nation, he sought military and economic help from the Soviet Union.
This investigation will answer the question to what extent did the Cold War influence pop culture during the 1950’s and 1960’s in the United States? This question is important because it’s based during the Cold War which was a time in history that was characterized by extreme hostilities between the U.S and USSR for over forty years. Amidst this time of superpowers vying for nuclear supremacy, pop culture was a major factor that emerged during this time that impacted both societies. Pop culture, particularly, American films, had an impact on Russian society. The scope of this investigation will focus only on U.S films shown in the Soviet Union.
11 The Cuban Missile Crisis - During the Cuban Missile Crisis, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba, just 90 miles from U.S. shores. I rate this 7 because it was the closest the U.S. and the USSR got into. It could have resulted into a war. The soviets had to remove their bombs on a certain date, and if they didn`t, U.S. would attack. 12 The Vietnam War - Communists supported by North Vietnam, and the U.S. supported South Vietnam, North Vietnamese leader wanted to reunite Vietnam.
Soviet Nuclear Bomb Report The Soviet Nuclear Age was a time period during the Cold War in which nuclear tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union had been heightened. The Arms Race that ensued began when the Soviet spy Klaus Fuchs had collected vital information about the first thermonuclear bomb that was detonated by the U.S. in 1945.The first hydrogen bomb test by the U.S.S.R. was conducted on August 29th, 1949 and was code named First Lightning. The hydrogen bomb which was a new concept developed by the Soviet Union and was created in order to have a larger more powerful weapon in comparison to the American bomb. The hydrogen bomb took 4 years to develop as opposed to the bomb developed by the Manhattan Project which took 5 years to create. However the U.S. argues that the Hydrogen bomb was not more than 20% of the power released from their previous explosives.
The INF Treaty eventually led to the destruction of 859 American and 1,836 Soviet nuclear missiles. (Hoekstra Database) The amount of courage and optimism Regan put towards ending Communism was remarkable. He was the first president to ever really attempt to make progress with Gorbachev because many other presidents and world leaders had a great fear of Gorbachev. Regan did not fear Gorbachev, actually from his first day in office, he tried to mend the relationship between the two nations. Many people thought Regan or any other U.S. president did not have the ability to end the cold war.