In the late 1930’s and early 1940’s, Planet Earth was entering World War II. At the beginning of the war, the U.S. insisted on staying neutral in the war, and practice isolationism. The United States continued their practice until December 7, 1941 when Japan bombed pearl harbor. Congress declared war on Japan almost immediately, and the U.S. entered the war. The war never entered the United States homefront, but it impacted it greatly.
In 1929, the U.S. was hit with the worst economic crisis in the history of the country, the Great Depression. The Great Depression left millions of people unemployed and cost millions their life's savings. The Depression lasted for ten long years for the American people. Since the Great Depression ended, people have studied it, trying to figure out what happened that started it all. The problem was, in fact, the poor economic habits of the people at the time, such as speculation, income maldistribution, and overproduction.
Imagine it's October 28, 1929, living a lavish lifestyle, owning a mansion, sailing on a 100 foot yacht every weekend, and having what seems like unlimited money that can be spent on anything at anytime. Then, all of a sudden, October 29, 1929 comes. The stock market crashes, banks are closing everywhere, and personal possessions are being foreclosed upon. The greatest economic downfall in the history of the United States has just began. This would become known as the Great Depression, which suited the time period between 1929 and 1941 perfectly.
With many of the men going off to help with the war effort, many factories were running out of people manufactured their products especially war materials. With less men available to work everyday, the government created propaganda which aimed women. The governmnet convinced more and more women to join the workforce. For example, Rosie the Riveter became an important symbol of World War Two that focuses on the fact that women are strong individuals and also maintained their femininity while at work.
During the 20s, which became known at the Roaring 20s, American society was at an all time high and people were prospering as the nation’s wealth almost doubled and American was sent into the modern, consumer age. However following almost directly after the Roaring 20s, America entered a period of economic failure, also known as the Great Depression. During this period, the U.S faced economic, social, and political turmoil. The government and various individuals quickly sought after solutions to address the problems facing America during this time. Herbert Hoover, who was President at the start of the Depression, and his many reforms intended to revitalize the economy and create more jobs but would fail and his belief in rugged individualism
WWII greatly advanced political progress for women and minorities. WWII changed a lot of things for women and minorities it was able to provide them with opportunities that hadn’t been offered prior to the war. In Document 2 it says, “It is not that we
Yet, women were expected to set aside their personal beliefs to insure that America could still make further advancements without its men. However, women still complied because they knew the responsibility laid with them to keep the nation running. Still, much of propaganda had a purpose to motivate women to lend a helping hand in the war. As Susan Mathis said, “The patriotic appeal had two aspects… ‘do your part’... ‘a soldier may die if you don’t do your part’...”
Many people were in shock during the war, mainly because they were confused about what was going on Many thought that the U.S. would gain another victory. Though the U.S. was still in debt, we had the necessary equipment to gain what was the greatest major victory on foreign soil The Mexican American war led to social inequality over Mexican immigrants After the war, the U.S. had to give citizenship to the Mexicans that were already in America Even today Mexican immigrants are still socially unequal.
(pbs.org) But a source of labor was high in demand since most of the men left to fight in the war. This opened up many opportunities for the minorities in America, especially women. Before the war, women didn’t have outside jobs. Their role was to tend to family affairs and stay at home while the husband worked to make a living.
The Great Depression of 1929 was one of America’s most influential downfalls that crippled society for years. The depression caused many years of failure and poverty for almost all of society. The government’s role during these times was crucial and critical for turning around the economy. The depression had a major effect on government’s power and involvement with the people and states. The government was less involved before the depression.
According to Document G,unknown author, which was a secondary source, it states that,¨Unlike men, women suffered from the ¨double shift¨ of work and caring for the family and home.” This impact is negative because it is showing how woman had a harder life. They had to work and once they got home, they had to work again in taking care of the house and family. So woman never had a chance to rest because they were always so busy and were always having to work. In Document I, by Myron A. Marty, Daily life in the United States,1960-1990, being a primary source, there is a quote that says,”After the war women were expected to step aside for returning veterans.”
Teacher’s Bibliography (a) Non-fiction Emert, P. R. (1996). World War II: On the Homefront. Carlisle, MA: Discovery Enterprises. World War II: On the Homefront recounts how Americans worked together on the home front to survive World War II. Americans had to ration food, rubber, and metal to help America win the war.
This gave so many new people opportunities that was not there before. The men that were being shipped to the war were young white men. These men had the same qualifications that the industries were looking for, and since they were going to war the empty spots had to be filled. This gave African-Americans jobs that before were