While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
This was because they had quickly realized that the Soviets had separated themselves from them to spread communism. However, this all changed when both sides had to build a defense system around themselves by creating alliances. It was a way of proving that they were strong and if they were ever messed with they could easily destroy the other. On the United States side were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also known as NATO. This treaty was created on April 4, 1949 and declared that if any of its members states were in danger, then all of the other member states must contribute to protecting that country.
The American War Against Fear World War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, in which it encompassed the major nations in the world, including the United States of America. The aftermath of the war, in which the United States and its allied powers emerged victorious, should have marked a period of political tranquility. However this supposition proved incorrect, as the American ethos was ravaged by a state of political and military tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. More than a military conflict, the Cold War was an ideological war in which democracy and communism clashed. The Cold War fears of the American people, reflected in the mass hysteria behind the Red Scare and McCarthyism, was entrenched in the
Cominform was initially put into place in the October of 1947, and the intended purpose it held was to coordinate actions between Communist parties under Soviet direction, which meant Stalin’s direction. Cominform was a direct response to Truman’s Marshall Aid and Doctrine; an aid program set up to help the recovery of countries affected by the destruction of World War Two to whoever accepted it. Stalin wanted to ensure the already Communist countries who currently modelled his brand of communism were not tempted by the billions in aid that the US were offering. The undeniable unwillingness to accept aid from the previous wartime allies by Stalin, and his indisputable actions in order to prevent his now ‘Eastern Bloc’ from accepting any of said aid clearly highlights the newly formed division between East and West, hence a shift in the previously allied relationship between them, to one of disassociation and
Many believed that communists were inciting rebellions in the form of labor unions in almost every state; focus shifted from the Red Scare when the need to focus on the war in Europe overpowered the supposed presence of a communist party. After World War II, tensions arose between Russia, then known as the USSR, and the United States. This tension and the events that followed came to be called the Cold War, one of its main events being the Second Red Scare. The Second Red Scare was more destructive than the first. During this Scare, the United States believed that it was constantly under attack from Communists, both from within and outside of the nation 's borders.
It was a fight because of different beliefs such as communism and capitalism. The Soviet Union believed in communism while the United States believed in capitalism at that time. The relationship between the Cold War and the movie is clear. First of all, neither side fought the other, but they were always living in fear scared from any unexpected explosion. Both of these countries made insane decisions during that period.
Speeches like Bernhard von Bulow influenced governments to increase their size of their armies and navies without a war going on. Or how countries like Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Great Britain, Russia, and France spent over 400 million British pounds to increase the size of their army and navy with peace throughout the land. Due to countries like Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Great Britain, Russia, and France spending millions of British dollars on armies and their navy a war broke out loosing over 17 million people. With knowledge of how World War 1 started (militarism) we can prevent wars like
In conclusion, the Cold War created a great tension between the US and Soviet Union in forming competing ideologies of capitalism and communism. These opposite ideals were the driving force behind many major decisions by the US in its foreign policy in terms of containing the spread of communism. The US engaged in proxy wars where it supported allies which held similar beliefs. In the Vietnam conflict, the US not only supported an ally but even fought side by side to stop the adoption of communism in that country. Although looking back, the US may question its involvement in the Vietnam war, at that time, based on its position taken in the Cold War conflict this high cost seemed well worth it.
Just as President Wilson wished to spread democracy far and wide, Stalin desired to spread communism far and wide. Almost immediately after the war, Stalin began to taunt the United States. His Red Army quickly moved in on Europe and many diplomats including Churchill feared that Stalin would attempt to take over the continent. The most notable incident of Stalin’s attempt at expansionism was after WWII when Stalin made territorial demands against Turkey and requested Soviet bases in the Turkish Straits. Stalin knew that Great Britain supported Greece and Turkey economically and militarily; yet, Stalin continued to intervene in Greece and
saw the war in Vietnam as a battle of the Cold War, the Vietnamese saw it as a civil war instead. Unfortunately, President Johnson failed to empathize with the Vietnamese the same way President Kennedy was advised to do so with the Soviets during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Even though constructivism would fail to explain this decision in world politics, Realism manages to explain it well. The U.S. saw the Soviets as a threat to their own security, both due to their growing economy and their military capabilities. Seeing as the Vietnamese were communists, in the eyes of the U.S., the Soviets had just gained an ally in the South-East Asia region.
The biggest difference between these wars was that they were fought over different things. World War One was fought because of disagreement over territory, while World War Two was a war of ideologies. World War Two centered around the rivalry of Nazi Facism and Soviet Communism, not over territorial differences as in the first word
Cold War tension between the Soviet Union and the United States transpired from different political, economic, and social visions of the postwar world. Although the United States and the Soviet Union worked predominantly together during World War II to defeat Hitler, both nations had a different range of view. The different views among the two nations arose during World War II. These different beliefs caused conflict between the Soviets and the U.S. who were now former allies. Both nations suffered the loss of many civilians as a result of World War II.
How did the Truman Doctrine influence on the U.S. relation policy economically of Taiwan in 1952-1965? Introduction: In 1947 before the Cold War, the U.S. President Harry S. Truman gave out his policy of containment, Truman doctrine, which is known as the first declaration of the Cold War. It demonstrated that the United States would help any nation both economically and militarily to protect its democracy from the communism and avoid its spread (Truman Doctrine of 1947). After the World War II, the United States had been aware of the rising of communism since the event of George Kennan’s long telegram. It was alarmed by the increased number of nations in Europe and Asia adopting the communist government in the 1940s.
The Cold War did occur after WWII between the United States and The Soviet Union at the time of President Ronald Reagan administration. The Soviet union and its government had the ideology of spreading communism around the world. The United States was against communism and this why the country went to war with Vietnam. "Containment" was the ultimate goal by the U.S. to preventing communism from happen worldwide. My perception of the Cold War and the War on Terror is due to the lack of the United States government to understanding other countries language, culture and way of life.