1. What does the term health disparities mean? Health disparities are preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or in opportunities to achieve optimal health experienced by socially disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and other population groups, and communities (Healthy Aging, 2017). An example of a health disparity would be if women were more likely than men to die from pancreatic cancer. Anyone is capable of having a health disparity.
At the same (lowest) education level, infants born to non-Hispanic White women have a lower death rate comparing to non-Hispanic Black women. Socioeconomic status in a closer definition doesn’t necessary define income level, in fact, wealth is an economic indicator in racial disparities. Seventy percent of White families own their homes (wealth) comparing to non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic families. Considering income and employment statuses, the financial hardships non-Hispanic Blacks face result in other stressors which will affect
According to the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (2012), health and health care disparity refer to differences in the health and health care between population groups. The health disparity generally refers to a higher burden of illness, injury, disability, or mortality experienced by one population group relative to another. A health care disparity typically refers to the differences between groups in health coverage, access to care, and quality of care. While disparities are commonly viewed through the lens of race and ethnicity, they occur across many dimensions, including socioeconomic status, age, location, gender, disability status, and sexual
When minority groups are statistically and historically paid less than their white counterparts, it makes their social and geographic mobility much, much less. Also, racism plays an ugly part in limiting locations that African Americans choose to move to. Thus, settlement patterns do dictate, in many cases, that people tend to relocate within neighborhoods of people who share their same ethnic and cultural traditions and
Racial inequality is a very large and growing issue in America, and not much is being done about it. It continues to go unnoticed that African Americans are treated unfairly in mostly every aspect of their lives. Primarily the police force and government have large issues with race, but all forms of racial inequality need to be put to a
Social Determinants of Health Shelly Clavis Rutgers University School of Nursing Social Determinants of Health Defined Health concerns is an issue that most organizations have formed a pact to safely deal with the challenge. The main agenda focuses on the eradication of health inequalities that may exist in most countries. It is best suited that social determinants are accorded the much-needed attention since they affect a number of people. In assessing the factors that affect one’s health, genetic disposition, personal behaviors, ability to obtain healthcare and the overall environment in which an individual resides are to be considered. Social determinants of Health are issues that deals with the conditions that people have found constructed in a society and acts as a parcel in their lives, such as; growth, age and some of the more complex systems that construct a society which include economic policies and their systems that include social norms, development goals and the basic political system that they are indulged under (World Health Organization, 2008).
Disparities in health care have been an ongoing issue for more than two decades. Evidence suggests that disparities in women and minority population continue to be problematic, with little progress being made to eliminate them. Ethnic and disparities exist for several different reasons. However, several national organizations have made efforts to reduce health disparities, including the Institute of Medicine, (IOM), and the Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) as well as Healthy People 20/20.
What causes poverty? A question such as this is important to consider when trying to determine why the income gap in America has increased so greatly. Based from Maya Wesby’s article Why the Rich Stay Rich and the Poor Stay Poor, the key determinate to someone’s financial success is related to the environment in which they are raised. It is essentially the privileges of being born or brought into a wealthy family that gives them the advantage over the majority of the population. The most interesting part of this to me is that those who are privileged enough to have these advantages in life often do not see themselves as so.
It is well known that health outcomes differ widely between cities, states, and countries. The scale and nature of health inequalities has shifted over time, with an overall long-term upward trend in life expectancy in virtually all countries (Wilson, 2014). Sometimes there are significant inequalities in health outcomes even within the same small geographical area. There are also significant inequalities between countries in inputs relevant to health. This includes the total amount spent on health care.
TASK 1 What are the social determinants of health and how these determinants are linked to Inequality in health outcomes between different social groups? The social determinants of health ranges from factors such as the wider socio-economic context as seen in fig 1, inequality; poverty; social exclusion; socio-economic position; income; public policies; health services; employment; education; housing; transport; the built environment; health behaviours or lifestyles; social and community support networks and stress. The social determinants of health are the circumstances in which people live and work and these circumstances are shaped by economics, policies and politics. It is the duty of the government tackle this social determinant of health