Manifest Destiny involved many groups of people, but six of the main categories are the mountain men, travellers on the Oregon Trail, pioneer women, cowboys, Native Americans, and the Miners, also known as the 49ers. The mountain men were men who lived in the Rocky Mountains, and made livings as trappers who sold goods such as beavers pelts to people back East and Europe. There were over 350,000 people on the trail, and most of which were families with children. This took place mainly in the 1840s and 1860s. A subgroup of the Oregon travellers were the Pioneer women. They had to move along with the long distances each day, and at the same time cook, clean, and take care of children. To add to the struggle, one in five of these women were
Brigham Young was born in Whittingham, Vermont on June 1st. The small Vermont village of Whittingham, lies along the Deerfield River, just a few miles past the Massachusetts border. Brigham Young decided to join the Mormon Church after the Book of Mormon was published, and then was baptized by Joseph Smith, who was the leader of the church at that time. When Joseph Smith was shot and killed Brigham became the leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. “He became an ardent missionary and disciple, and moved to Kirtland, Ohio, where he did carpentry work and undertook preaching missions (Bringhurst).” Young’s greatest was in real estate. Young was a very wealthy man and when he had died his estimated wealth was $600,000. Which
The Oregon Trail was traveled by over five hundred thousand people between 1841-1869. Many people wanted to travel on the Oregon Trail in hope of better health. They did not bring many supplies; they only brought the bare necessities. The pioneers traveled in covered wagons, called prairie schooners, pulled by oxen. The journey started in Independence, Missouri, and ended in Oregon City, Oregon. The trail went through many states, including Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, Washington, Kansas, and mountain ranges, including the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevadas. The pioneers also passed many milestones, including Courthouse Rock, Chimney Rock, Independence Rock, and Soda Springs. Even though the travelers faced dangers, such as Indian attack,
The Battle of the Little Bighorn, also known as Custer’s Last Stand, is one of the most significant battles in American history. Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer, commander of the 7th Cavalry Regiment, performed a series of devastating tactical mistakes based off inaccurate assumptions and assessments on the size and fighting capability of the Northern Plains Indians, led by their fearless leader Crazy Horse. The Northern Plains Indians who would capitalize on these mistakes with overwhelming numbers and superior tactical action; killing all 210 Soldiers under Custer’s direct command and killing another third of his divided force. This paper will use the United States Army’s four step battle analysis methodology to analyze the Battle of
Coming to the New World with little knowledge was difficult for those like Captain John Smith and William Bradford. Both men came to the Americas in search of new land and a better place. They were both English and had Christian faith. Although they both wanted to take over the New World they each had their reason on coming to the New World. Their trip to the New World was difficult due to the struggles with diseases and the lack of supplies they had. In both of the British colonies they had trouble with the supply of food.
Manifest destiny was almost like a way of life for the American people. It was the idea that something was destined to happen and that it would be better for the people if they followed this instinct. One of the thoughts that they got was traveling West. They thought that it would help them gain more land and become richer. This movement affected many people and places and tribes. The things and people that were most affected were the Native Americans, Slavery, and the relationship between free states and slaveholding states.
Some hardships the 49ers faced were diseases that were sometimes produced by the lack of food and water. Others were caused by difficulty in crossing lands and seas.Some of the miners would even commit acts of violence, or commit suicide because of the struggle and stress of not finding gold. When the miners arrived to California they were subjects of diseases like Cholera,Dysentery and Pneumonia.
What are some of the hardships Americans in the early 1800s faced when traveling? One hardship they faced was having their entire food supply exhausted. Most of the families had to kill their oxen for food and leave their wagons, which resulted in the travelers walking on foot. Unfortunately, a lot of the people ended up dying of starvation anyway. Another hardship they faced was not being able to bury those that had died in coffins. This particular hardship might not have affected anyone physically but it definitely affected them emotionally.
Traveling hundreds of thousands of miles through dangerous paths American pioneers took on hardships as they sought westward in hopes of a better life. The journey westward began in the early 1800s when the US exploded with new territory’s nearly tripling the US’s size. It all started in 1803 when the US bought the Louisiana Territory from France. Quickly, many farmers picked up their belongings and headed out west to the rich, fertile land for a fresh start. Next, Andrew Jackson invaded Florida claiming it for the US which was also another opportunity for settlers to begin a new life. The last major territory the US gained was the Pioneer Paradise, Oregon County. Many people of all different backgrounds headed there for all different reason
By the year 1836, the first of the migrant train was put together.from 1811,to 1840 the oregon trail was put down by traders and fur trapper.As frontiersman and fur traders from Canada and the u.s. started to populate the west of the trading posts and small settlements.At the same time the u.s. was rocked by the depression. Each part of the journey had challenges but they always need to keep moving to complete the journey before the supplies run out.Some were born on the great journey that connected the east coast to the pacific northwest and 3000,000 to 500,000 people traveled overland.
The Gold Rush, beginning in 1848 and ending in 1855, was a period in American history which opened the doors of opportunity to a new group of immigrants, the Chinese. The discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill, California, in 1848 was the cause of mass Chinese immigration that would last for decades to come. When James Marshall discovered gold in 1848, there were fifty-four recorded Chinese in California, this number quickly rose to 116,000 by 1876. Title (Chinese Immigration During the Gold Rush: The American Encounter) The California Gold Rush allowed for immigrants, such as the Chinese, to encounter the various beliefs and suspicions of the American society. One of the many results of the Chinese experience was the Chinese Exclusion Act, which
With the path riddled in disease and unstable ground, the Oregon Trail was a breeding ground for unfortunate events. On the trail, many did not properly clean themselves. This unhygienic lifestyle led to an increased chance of catching an illness. So much so that, there was conside Since the trail panned for thousands of miles, there was a variety of extreme weather and threatening terrain. On the trail, accidents occurred frequently. The territory had a selection of dangerous weather like “thunderstorms, lethally large hailstones, lightning, tornadoes, and high winds”(OCTA OL). These drastic weather conditions lead to immense wear and tear to the emigrants’ wagons. A common danger that could lead to accidents was the unstability of said wagons. Pioneers would fall off the 11 foot wagons leading to serious injury with the possibility of being run over by one of it’s wheels. Most of the wagons were not durable enough to withstand the trip leading so many travelers carried spare parts , if they could afford them. In these wagons, there were copious amounts of supplies to last the travelers all the way to their locations. These supplies were kept safe and many pioneers worried that Native Americans would steal their goods from them, “but in fact Indian attacks on wagon trains were rare, despite the settlers' fears”(Linge OL). This
Some terrains and environments made the journey hard and possibly deadly.The National Oregon/California Trail Center says that “Crossing rivers were probably the most dangerous thing pioneers did. Swollen rivers could tip over and drown both people and oxen.”There were many rivers to cross during the long ride, and crossing them was the only way to get around the rivers. These accidents were almost unavoidable. Dry weather made the goings tough and not pleasant. “The intense heat of the prairie caused wood to shrink, and wagon wheels had to be soaked in rivers at night to keep their iron rims from rolling off during the day...Emigrant’s lips blistered and split in the dry air, and their only remedy was to rub axle grease on them.” The dry and hot air had the time to go west even greater than it should had because of little annoyances.
At the beginning of the 19th, the United States was looking for an expansion of land. The white settlers wanted the lands used by the Indians for their own economic gain. By 1830, President Jackson issued the Indian Removal Act; allowing state officials to override federal protection of Native Americans. Most Indian tribes left their homelands in Georgia during the early 1830s. However, the Cherokees remained. In 1838, the experiences the Cherokee Indians endured on the Trail of Tears could best be described as brutal.
The period known as Starving Time took place during the winter of 1609-1610. About 440 people died because the colonists were so blinded by the opportunity to get rich that they failed to prepare for the tough challenges of new land. When they arrived in Jamestown all they wanted was natural riches such as gold, because of their greediness the settlers didn’t consider how to run a successful colony. From Travels and Works of Captain John Smith, he wrote. “We starved because we did not plan well, work hard, or have good government.” (Doc D) In other words, Smith asserts they failed to prepare and adjust because of their reliance on Native Americans for the first two years. Once Smith left the Natives stopped helping them. It got so bad that