Just this time last year, Xerxes’ mass armed forces of 150,000 men and a 600 ship navy stormed the pass at Thermopylae to avenge his father 's defeat at Marathon. Here marked the beginning of Sparta’s quest to victory. The invasion that began following the Greek revolt of 499- 94 BC ,as a punitive attack by Persia against a collection of disunited city states, ended this past week in one of the most critical battles of our time. North of Athens, on the far side of a mountain range that separated Attica from Boeotia, the contest would be decided. Darius I, then commander of the Persian forces, arranged for messengers to circulate the Greek city-states demanding land and seas.
This however, was not the end as king Darius again sent troops a few years later. This time though, Darius began the attack in the North against the Spartans, who fell. As the Persian militia moved, it destroyed Athenian cities. The Athenians eventually led the Persians to a trap and the Greeks ultimately won. Although the Spartans were defeated twice and had their pride wounded, they defeated the Persians at Plataea.
In the reign of Attila, the Huns became the terror of the world, and invaded the East and West, and urged the rapid downfall of the Roman empire.xix Recognizing the great wealth of the Eastern Empire, Attila the Hun directed most his attention in that direction, devastating the Balkans up to the very walls of Constantinople in 447 AD.xx The Eastern court then bought off Attila the Hun with a payment of tribute and with the promise of annual subsidies.xxi When the payments stopped, Attila reacted to this by invading the territory of Gaul. The threat from the Huns was finally stopped at the Battle of Chalons, by the Roman commander Aelius, this was an important win for the Romans. After being forced to withdraw from Gaul in 451 AD, Attila was and then proceeded to invade Italy in 452 AD. xxii “Rather than an army, Rome dispatched Pope Leo I and two senators to attempt to negotiate with Attila.”xxiii The Hun threat ended a year later when Attila died, causing the Hunnic empire to
The battle of Yorktown was the last major battle of the American Revolution and lead to the patriots ' victory of the war because of the battle tactics used. France 's navy blocked the ports in Yorktown. The defeat of Lord Cornwallis was essential to the patriots ' victory of the American Revolution because without it, the Revolution would have dragged out longer or perhaps even ended in a loss for the patriots. The battle of Yorktown, where Lord Cornwallis quickly was forced to surrender around 8,000 redcoats. This was a great victory for the patriots because this was about 1/7 of the British army imprisoned as a result of the surrender.
The Thebans soon revolted after his assassination, it was then when his son Alexander the Great who quickly took control of the throne and halted the Thebans revolt, burning their city Thebes to the ground. Alexander then looked at the rest of the world and only two years later did he cross Hellespont into Asia and defeat Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Issus. This victory further pushed King Philip’s plan to get revenge on the Persians for their acts in the Peloponnesian Wars and to also take control of Asia. By the time it was 332 BC Alexander had conquered Egypt and found the city of Alexandria which he named after himself. Alexander then went to Mesopotamia where he, once again, defeated Darius III.
Introduction 1. Alexander became the ruler of Macedon in 336 BC taking over from his father Phillip II. Immediately after taking over, he conquered all of Greece defeating powerful armies of Sparta and Athenia. His greed for wealth, power, recognition and prestige took him to the mighty Kingdom of Persia and on the pretext of avenging attack by the Persian ruler Xerxes in 480 BC, he engaged the mighty Persians in three major battles. The brilliant strategist and ferocious commander Alexander was, he was knocking the doors of India by 326 BC.
The General in charge of the attack realized there were too many colonists, and sent for reinforcements. The reinforcements come 2 weeks later, at Bemis Heights, though, they were too late, as well as surrendered. The british surrendered, and the Americans were astounded. They had one. The battle of Saratoga was a game changer for both the Americans and the British.
To what factors do you attribute Napoleon’s victory at Austerlitz? Napoleon has said that ‘the whole art of war consist in a well-reasoned and ex-tremely circumspect defensive, followed by rapid and audacious [counter] attack’ (Bowden, 1997, p. 321). Given quotation is appropriate to describe the general idea that Napoleon applied successfully in the battle of Austerlitz resulting outstanding victory. Napoleon created a delusion of the weak French force witch appeared easy to defeat. Consequently, the Third Coalition rushed to battle without realizing that they are drawn to battle under conditions created and shaped by Napoleon.
The Battle of Chancellorsville lasted for 7 days from April 30 - May 6, 1863. Fought in the Wilderness region of Virginia, Chancellorsville was General Robert E. Lee’s greatest defensive victory, an outstanding example of command partnership and the misuse of strategic initiative. On April 30, Lee found 80,000 enemy troops behind him, thanks to a brilliantly executed march and river crossing by Union major general Joseph Hooker, who proclaimed Lee could either “ingloriously fly” or give “battle on our ground.” Unnerved by sharp counterattacks delivered by the outnumbered Confederate rear guard, Hooker squandered his advantage by halting to erect defenses near the Chancellor farm. Early on the morning of May 2, having heard of Union troop movement,
Some of us wonder what ways did Sun Tzu use the game of Go when applying strategy. The response return us backward around 500 centuries B.C. At that time, Sun Tzu, the fighter, theorist and the inventor of The Art of War made use of his strategic thought and positively headed the nation of Wu's statistically inferior military to defeat the bigger and dominant soldiers of the Empire of Chu to the West. He was able to turn the probabilities in his favor and eventually King Helu of Wu governed the huge area in the east of China. The only thing that splits existing period's world from his legacy is a slit of two eras; else his strategic thought exceeds interval and seems to be extra appropriate currently.
Grant was willing to incur high numbers of casualties with the knowledge that the North could replenish its armies, while the South could not. In May 1864, Grant’s Army of the Potomac began a month of fierce fighting and campaigning. In the Battle of the Wilderness, both sides suffered great casualties, but instead of retreating, as had previous Union commanders, Grant pushed on, fighting Lee again at Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor. After six weeks, Grant lost 60,000 men, an enormous number, but he inflicted 30,000 casualties on Lee’s army. This sustained fighting was a turning point in modern warfare and more resembled the modern trench warfare of World War I than the methods of 1861.
In 338 BCE, Philip’s army defeated the allied forces of Athens and Thebes in a battle at Chaeronea. This defeat forced Athens to enter into the so-called League of Corinth, ostensibly a pan-Hellenic alliance aimed at opposing the power of Persia, but actually an organization that gave Philip unprecedented authority over Greek
Philip changed many aspects of the Macedonian army, since he was so eager the regain the territory the Illyrians took, and ultimately killed his brother over. With this newly organized phalanx, Philip was able to defeat the Illyrians. Taking back North-western Macedon and slaughtering over half of their army”7,000 to be exact (Gabriel)”. This began Philip’s conquest of regaining back the entire Macedonian territory. Altogether, “Philip neutralized the enemies from the northern and western fronts within a year of kingship (Gabriel)”.
As the first half of the fourth century approached, many frequent disputes and temporary alliances between conflicting groups in Greek cities resulted due to their own independent interests. In 360 B.C., Philip II was crowned king of Macedonia, who in less than a decade was able to defeat most of Macedonia 's neighboring enemies, including the Paionians, Illyrians and the Thracians. It was in 338 B.C when Philip II completed what was known as the last segment of his dominance, he became known as the indisputable ruler of Macedonia. His plans for expansion and war against Asia were cut short due to his assassination in 336 B.C. The reign of Alexander the Great, son of Philip II, would change the aspect of Europe and Asia forever.