The Maycomb Community in Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill a Mockingbird influence Scout to learn about the hard realities of life. An important theme from this novel is the change from how people see good and evil throughout the years. Everyone in the world should have the right to live in an anti racist society. The world would be a more enjoyable place, if children were not forced to grow up in an environment with social prejudice. The reader should recall that Scout is forced to live like this, but she doesn’t recognise what the real world is like because she is a child.
Furthermore Scout interactions with Atticus help her to further understand empathy. After Scout’s first day of school, she does not want to go back because of an incident with her teacher. Atticus says “ First of all, if you can learn a simple trick, Scout you’ll get along with all kinds of folks. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view-” “ Sir?” “- until you climb into his skin and walk around in it. Atticus understands Scout’s feelings and gives her advice which he hopes will help her be more empathetic.
This shows that no matter what anyone says, Atticus will let Scout be who she wants to be. Another time is when Scout first starts to go to school, her teacher notices that Scout already knows how to read. The teacher then says that she can not read anymore. Scout complains about this to her father and says she does not want to go to school anymore. Atticus compromises, “If you’ll concede the necessity of going to school, we’ll go on reading every night”(41).
These movements changed education, putting it onto the path of success. John Dewey is introduced in a discreet type of way when Scout talks about being taught Group Dynamics and what Jem calls the “Dewey Decimal System.” She goes on to mention how it had became schoolwide and is disappointed that she never had a chance to compare it with other teaching techniques (Lee 32). John Dewey’s Theory of Education gets mixed up with Melvil’s Dewey Decimal System for classifying books in a library. Educational reform is upon Scout and her school whether she knows it or not. “In spite of their abstract and difficult packaging, Dewey’s ideas… have repeatedly provided both a foundation for school improvement and a target for education critics” (Eakin 1).
Atticus tells her that “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view…until you crawl inside of his skin and walk around in it”( Lee 30). Throughout To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout is always finding herself walking through someone else’s shoes. Whether it be her teacher, Atticus, Boo Radley or Tom, Scout tries to understand better by looking at the other person’s point-of-view and compromising with the situation. Scout learns to be humane and to apply compassion and kindness when making sudden judgments with Atticus’ help (Champion). Growing up with Atticus helps Scout develop an open mind: unprejudiced and individual.
Once class starts Miss Caroline teaches the class, but Jem knows everything Miss Caroline is trying to teach the children. So she is displeased with it and they do not start off on the right foot. At lunch, Miss Caroline tried to give Walter Cunningham a nickel but does not accept the nickel so Scout tries to defend Walter. In the end, scout ends up being smacked on the hand with a ruler. At the end of the day, Atticus teaches scout a lesson, “You never really
In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch exemplifies open-mindedness because of his attempts to understand others. A primary example of Atticus’s open-mindedness is seen when he is sitting on the porch with Scout after her first day of school. As the two discuss Scout’s first day at school, Scout tells Atticus that she disapproves of her teacher, Ms.Caroline. Scout tells Atticus that Ms.Caroline told her that Atticus should stop teaching her. After a long pause, Atticus offers Scout a piece of advice.“You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view until you climb into his skin and walk around in it,” Atticus confidently assured.Atticus constantly tries to understand situations from both perspectives
As the main character, Scout, gets older she starts to lose her innocence and gain empathy, but she doesn’t quite get the concept. So her father helps her out by telling her, “‘You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view-’” (Lee 39). In this quote Atticus is explaining to Scout how empathy works and how it is an important life skill to have. This helps Scout grow out of her innocence. Connecting to the theme, Atticus is trying to improve Scout’s quality of life by helping her understand empathy.
In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch is a highly respected lawyer as well as a single parent, raising his children, Jem and Scout. He makes sure to share many different kinds of lessons with both of them, but focuses on Scout because she is the youngest. He teaches his daughter to be nonjudgmental and to not form an opinion on someone based on a certain aspect, through both his words and actions. In order to help Scout grow and mature, Atticus teaches her the importance of trying to understand others and not to judge them based on appearance. It is significant for Scout, as a young child, to know the importance of seeing things from many different viewpoints and not just one.
This is shown through the actions of Atticus both in and outside of the trial. Atticus tries his best to teach and show others-specifically Scout and Jem-how to judge what is right and what is wrong. First, Atticus tells Scout a very valuable life lesson. This is said when Scout was complaining to Atticus about her day at school, he said to her, “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view-until you climb into his skin and walk around in it” (Lee 30). Atticus is telling scout that she cannot truly judge someone's actions until she sees things from their side.
One quote says, “Now you tell your father not to teach you anymore. It’s best to begin reading with a fresh mind. You tell him I’ll take over from here and try to undo the damage-Your father does not know how to teach.” -Miss Caroline Fisher (23 Lee). The dramatic irony in the book reveals information about Scout 's situation of which she is not aware. The reader is informed of what Scout does or does not know.