The original nurses were nuns or young women treating men during times of war. One of the first nurses to be recorded was Florence Nightingale. Florence Nightingale, viewed as the founder of modern nursing, was a nurse courageously treating soldiers near the battlefield during the Crimean War in 1854. Florence Nightingale worked in military hospitals and helped develop the mindset that nursing is an appropriate and respectable profession for young women. Florence Nightingale started The Nightingale Training School for nursing on June 24, 1860 and developed a curriculum for schooling the future nurses.
White & Clegg (2009) highlighted approach in context of providing support to patients suffering from long-term conditions. The idea of healing the person as a whole being dates back to period of Florence Nightingale who held the view that nurses duty was to keep optimal conditions for healing. Rourke (1991) tried to find out
In the late 19th century, first effort was made to improve MCH services in India through establishment for training of Dais in Amritsar in 1880. Later in 1902, first midwifery act was enacted in London to promote safe delivery and the British government established the Central Board of Nursing and Midwifery in India to provide quality services by well trained midwives. The Sokhey Committee (1938) also recommended state supported and integrated preventive, promotive, and curative health care services for pregnant and lactating women in a three tier organisational structure for maternal health at the district level. The Bhore Committee Report (1946) which laid the foundation for health service planning in India, expressed worries about the high rates of mortality as well as morbidity prevailing among mothers and children and gave high priority to provision of maternal and child health services and improving their nutritional and health
Moreover, her heroic act and motherly nature have changed the way people view nursing today. “She was acknowledged as the lady with the lamp and was recognized as the first nursing theorist and founder of modern nursing established in 1859"(source: http://www.localhistories.org/nightingale.html). Environmental theory plays a major role
Analysis of the Nurse Industry Nursing is a profession focusing on healthcare on a personal and public scale. This industry for centuries nurses have been a practice, however it wasn’t till Florence Nightingale that nursing became an established as a profession, she created the foundations of modern nursing. What It Is and What It Is Not (1860) by Nightingale were the first documented notes on the philosophy of nursing (Crisp, Douglas, Rebeiro & Waters, 2009). Following that she founded the Nightingale Training School for Nurses; the first institution for nursing. The school works with St. Thomas ' Hospital in London and taught midwifery and domiciliary care ("The Impact of Florence Nightingale on Nursing | RNCentral.com", 2010) Primitively, nursing was seen a low-status job, it focused on the care of ill patients, learning as they did the job since there was no qualifications required to enter the industry (Clores, 2016).
Crumpler’s aunt was a woman who spent much of her time caring for sick neighbors and friends. In the beginning of her book, A Book of Medical Discourses, she explained that being surrounded by the work of her aunt is what made her form a liking to relieving the suffering of others, which is what pushed her to go into medicine. Crumpler became a nurse, a profession that did not require formal education in that time, and cared for patients in Massachusetts for eight years. She was eventually admitted to the New England Female Medical college in 1860, and graduated in 1864. She was the first and only African American to graduate the school due to it closing in 1873.
In 1860, significant gains in nursing was made; the Nightingale Training school was opened, which was attached to St. Thomas hospital. Her training school attracted so much attention and interest that a year later the “School of Midwifery Nursing at King’s College Hospital was opened” (“Florence Nightingale” The School Run). Starting in 1868, for the next twenty-two years, Nightingale was on a mission to ensure that nursing would become a popular profession, and that it would gain the people’s respect as acceptable for women. She did so by opening the following Nursing locations: The East London Nursing Society, the Workhouse Nursing Association and National Society for Providing Trained Nurses for the Poor and the Queen 's Jubilee Nursing Institute (“Florence Nightingale” The School Run). In 1883, Florence Nightingale was awarded the Royal Red Cross by Queen Victoria as a symbol of gratitude for the impact Nightingale had made on healthcare.
When Florence Nightingale developed the environmental theory, she used statistical data to correlate environmental cleanliness to infection rates among patients and used the theory to advocate for better training among nurses. Therefore, the paper by Brown et al., (2008) agrees well with the environmental theory. From this paper, it is clear that cleanliness in the hospital environment is a practical step that nurses take to reduce infections and improve health. The paper also highlights the need for proper policies and supervision protocols in order to improve cleanliness in the hospital environment. The authors conclude that hygiene and clean environments are ways of managing risks and promoting nursing autonomy by ensuring that nurses are
In 1905, she worked for Dr. Richard Cabot at Massachusetts General Hospital and in 1907, she was named the “Head Worker” (Social Welfare History Project, 2012). Dr. Cabot requested Ida to investigate acquiring clients with community-based care (Kerson, T. S., & McCoyd, J. M., 2013). Her role as Chief of Social Service started in 1915 and lasted for 31 years (Social Welfare History Project, 2012). She travelled to share her ideas with many hospitals and helped develop a training program for medical social workers (Social Welfare History Project, 2012). She helped create a course at Simmons College for the medical social work field (Social Welfare History Project, 2012).
We are honoured to have you as our guests and hope you will enjoy this presentation about nursing that is the subject that I study. The main reason I chose to study nursing is the fact that I like to offer services to people in need, and it is in my nature to want to help other people. I would like to give a brief introduction to the history of modern nursing. Florence Nightingale laid the foundation of professional nursing with the establishment of her nursing school in London in 1860. She was known as the “Lady with the Lamp” from her night rounds tending wounded soldiers in the Crimean War that lasted from 1853 to 1856.