During the second half of the 19th century, Leopold II, King of Belgium, claimed the Congo Basin during the scramble for Africa and attempted to maintain the area for his own profit, resulting in the annihilation of over half of the basin’s population through unspeakable violence and brutality. While the imperialism of the Congo may have been beneficial to Leopold II and Belgium, the impact on the Congo itself was much, much more serious and detrimental, and nothing that either side may have gained can change that. In 1878, King Leopold II of Belgium, after failed attempts of creating colonies in Africa, hired the explorer Henry Stanley to explore the Congo. Then, with the Congo being brought to the attention of Europe, Leopold established
The novel explores the damage that colonization does to white colonizers such as the character of Kurtz. The novel also raises the issue and impact of slavery on the natives. People are exploited so that the colonizers can build their riches. This is a predominant theme of colonization on a continent such as Africa, where individuals are vulnerable to the manipulation of the colonizers.
Summary of the text: Adam Hochschild’s King Leopold 's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa is a historical fiction published in 1998, which contains a myriad of evidence to testify the Belgian King Leopold II’s atrocities in Congo between 1908 and 1909 (Hochschild, 1998). As a fiction, it intends to capture the attention of various readers towards the Belgian imperialist delinquencies through a detailed narration of a number of main characters’, including George Washington Williams and William Henry Sheppard, experiences in Belgian Congo (Hochschild, 1998). In this excerpt, it illustrates William’s peaceful exploration in Congo as an American-Black missionary. During his journey, not only did he explore the Congolese culture, but he also tried to spread Christianity to Congo (Hochschild, 1998). Although he failed to bring the religion to Congo, he became a popular in Congo and the old world.
Through imperialism, western nations and Japan spread their rule throughout the world. Obviously, no one is never going to freely allow others to take over their nation. So, imperialism was mostly done using force. One area that was deeply affected by imperialism was Africa. While the positive effects of imperialism in Africa were Africa at the end was freed from European control and Africans were able to govern themselves & in Europe they access raw material and vase amount of land; the negative effects of imperialism in Africa caused great damage to human rights, social division, murder and raped of Africans and spread of racism throughout the continent; for Europe, the
The 12th century French monk Bernard of Clairvaux once said, “The road to Hell is paved with good intentions”. The European colonists had good intentions when spreading their influence over Africa, but like many good intentions they fell apart. The seeds of these results were planted during the late 19th century, also known as the Imperialistic Era. This era was the result of the high demands for resources due to the birth of industrialization during the late 18th century. Following these high needs, the Europeans colonized the African lands for their raw goods.
The conflicts in the Congo in Africa is the results of the legacy of imperialism and postcolonial nationalism. Imperialism led to these problems because, before the 19th century, many imperial countries took control of edges of Africa. These nations tried to change African societies. Africa became an object of imperialism because it was portrayed as a place of slavery that was watched by tyrants and was very isolated. Other problems that Africa faces that do not help them are their natural resources, economics, politics, and social structures.
According to him, once set upon that path, the English are merciless. Furthermore, he links “their current hypocrisies with the sins of their glory days, when the Bushmen were nearly exterminated”, suggesting that what they did to theirshare of the continent is “more than just a matter of kicking a little country when it is down”. It was a rape that seemingly escalated the dilemmic scenarios on the neo-African
The legacy of colonization in the African country of Congo has been incredibly devastating. Both the people and the economy were dealt a low blow by King Leopold of Belgium’s invidious, violent regime from 1885-1908. Leopold’s soldiers committed acts so barbaric towards the Congolese that Europeans did not believe the reports of it at first. Following his rule, the actual Belgian government reluctantly took over the Congo. Congo finally gained independence in the early 1960s.
George Washington Williams, an African American legislator, and Kande Kamara, an African colonial subject, both experienced some of the most brutal products of European Imperialism. Williams, in the late nineteenth century, toured the Belgian controlled Congo and witnessed the harsh measures King Leopold implemented to maintain absolute control and bleed the country of its resources. Kamara, on the other hand, bore witness to the end result of overzealous imperial ambitions when he was forced to fight for the allies in the trenches of WWI. These two men’s experiences, although considerably different, both shed light on Europe’s colonial philosophy of racism and ethnic superiority and its position of immense power during this period. Both
The quotes is an interpretation of the late 1800’s King Leopold enforced ivory raids through military force of trade, capture, and/or killing to expand his colony. King Leopold exploitative traits of African men, women, and children as porters calling them “volunteers” were harsh and cruel amongst the land. Volunteers were treated as slaves, who were once natives of the capital of Leopold’s Congo in Boma. Many of the mercenaries in Leopold’s army that were black were known as “liberated men” set to serve under the Force Publique. The hypocrisy of King Leopold is soon challenged for his edicts on banning slave trade from a few witnesses.