What Is Indonesian Independence Essay

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The name of Indonesia origin from the Greek words “Indós” and “nèsos”, which means island. The declaration of Indonesian Independence was announced on August 17, 1945 and Sukarno appointed as the first President of Indonesia. The national independence marked as the start of the diplomatic, armed resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution and fighting against the forces of the Netherlands and pro-Dutch civilians. The United Nations formally acknowledge the date of independence as 27 December 1949 and the documents were signed by Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who is appointed as President and Vice-president.
Republic of Indonesia is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia comprises of 13,466 islands that encompasses with 33 provinces and 1 Special Administrative Region. Indonesia is world's fourth most populous country with an estimated of over 249 million people. The capital of the Indonesia is Jakarta and is the nation’s largest city, followed by the Surabaya, Bandung, Semarang and Medan. Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and East Timor. The neighboring countries for the Indonesia are Philippines, Australia, Palau, Singapore and Indian Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Indonesia is famous for the republic with
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The crisis has major effects to the large capital outflows and it leads to the rupiah to go into free fall. By year 2000, the rupiah back to stability and economic growth return to 4% per year. However, the rupiah still fluctuates and drop below Rp 12,000 per dollar in September 2014. Indonesia gained its investment grade rating in the late in 2011 after losing it in the year 1997. However, in the year 2012 an estimated of 11.7% of the total population in Indonesia lived below the poverty line. In year 2013, the official open unemployment rate was at 6.6% and its increases 0.5% compared to the year
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