I am the last child in a family of eight that has aspired to pursue my education at the graduate level. I grew up in Mombasa, Kenya in a less fortunate state, I saw my parents struggling to raise us. Health care was something they could not afford, whenever we felt sick we were treated with traditional medicine of which is only
In the United States there are many children and adults that go hungry, due to financial problems. With the economy and how high cost of living is, it’s hard to provide, food for the family. The results of hunger on children in America are not having the right nutrition, can have serious implication for a child’s physical and mental health. Also food insecurity is harmful to all people, but it is particularly devastating to children.
According to Hodgkinson et al, there are “disparities in poverty rates depending on age, race or ethnicity, family structure, and geographic location. Although the largest number of poor and low income children are white, minority children are disproportionately affected, particularly African American, American Indian, and Hispanic children. In 2013, Hispanic and African American children were ~3 times more likely than white and Asian children to be poor. Children raised by single parents and children raised in the South or West are also more likely to be poor or low income than children residing in the Northeast” (Hodgkinson et al, 2016). Children and youth are a vulnerable population because they have no control over their situation or environment;
Abstract: This paper provides an introduction to the social impact of the collateral consequences (the families left behind) of mass incarceration. The reading will include thoughts from sociological perspectives and empirical studies that focus on the consequences incarceration and re-entry have on the striving family left behind. Partners and families of felons suffer from the system in place that punishes, rather than “corrects,” criminal behavior. Collateral Consequences Patience Kabwasa Prof. Laura Howe Soc 231-C21 May 1, 2014 Collateral Consequences The effects of incarceration are many. In fact as defined by Badger Lawyer a website dedicated to answer legal questions for the general public, “Collateral consequences are the effects of
The medical world has changed rapidly over the past few decades. We have solutions to diseases that weren’t even diagnosable before. Although we have tried our best to destroy illness, some diseases have been around since the beginning of time and are incurable. An example of this type of disease is Malaria. We’ve seen symptoms of malaria since The Ancient Egyptian ( around 1500 bc ) and The Ancient Greek times (around 413 B.C ). It is a parasitic disease that involves high fevers, shaking chills, flu like symptoms and anemia. In this essay, I will compare what malaria was like during The Revolutionary War and what it is like now, in the modern age.
As the contents of the course dealt with the direct correlation between health and factors such as race, gender, and socioeconomic status, I realized that while health effects everyone, healthcare is discriminatory. The main required reading, “Poverty in America” by John Iceland, put this idea at the forefront, sharing the accounts of families who fell victim to cyclical and structural poverty and struggled day to day due to financial situations brought about by lost jobs, defaulted mortgages, and what resonated with me the most, medical debt. As I found myself empathizing with these stores, it became apparent that I was not just reading about the multitudes of impoverished families in the United States, but the story of my own family as well. From here, I found where my educational interest in health met my passion in caring for others, and I became committed to learning how to better the way in which minority groups and low-income families gain access to affordable, quality
Nutritious food is of paramount importance for a healthy mind and body. Childhood is a time of critical growth in which proper nutrition is absolutely necessary. Children who have poor diets either due of a lack of food or because of bad eating habits and patterns, leads to inadequate intake of nutrients and are prone to significant short-term and long-term health impacts and diseases.
In recent times, the subject of health disparities has attracted a lot of attention through the media report in both local and national level.in this essay, the health condition of African American will be discussed in this in the following areas as their health status, barriers to health, diverse population and disparities, and health promotion approach to improving this situation.
On a sunny day in July sits an elementary school in anywhere, USA. In the cafeteria’s food line, Tommy tells the lunch lady, Mrs. Williams, that he is still hungry. He ate the cheese sandwich, which was authorized by the school policy for poor children. Over half of the students are on the program and all of them know that those who get cheese sandwiches are poor. These students were only reflecting the deep-rooted negative stereotypes about those living in poverty. This puts a negative label on them, even though poverty is not their fault. Mrs. Williams gives children extra food when they ask her. However, word gets out to the school administration that this has become her common practice. Subsequently, she
There are many open wounds in the African-American community that have not healed what so ever. Disintegration of family structures in the African-American community has been a persistent problem for far too long. High out of wedlock birth rates, absent fathers, and the lack of a family support network for many young African-Americans have led to serious problems in America's urban areas. The persistence of serious social problems in inner-city areas has led to a tragic perpetuation of racial prejudice as well. African Americans still face a litany of problems in the 21st century today. Some of those problems consist of, unemployment, education, police brutality, single parent households, drugs, gang violence, and the high rate of incarceration
Kris Holloway uniquely describes what kind of life the women in Nampolessa, Mali in her book “Monique and the Mango Rains.” Like many developing countries, the people of Nampolessa experience many challenges such as gender roles and health risks. Kris Holloway explains her integration into the Malian society through cultural relativism. Cultural relativism is the opinion one has on the practices and beliefs of a culture from being on the inside of that culture. This essay will be discussing how marital relationships, health, and money play a major part in the lives of the Mali women.
Although Katherine Dettwyler was an American, she was very understanding and wanted to do all she could to focus on the health issues facing the Bambara. Through cultural relativism, Dettwyler was able to understand Malian culture and answer her research questions. This made me proud realizing that many anthropologists see things from another cultures point of view instead of looking down on them and making them feel that their traditional ways are wrong. Dettwyler inspired me to also give biomedicine a chance in my life.
Increased malnutrition is caused by poor diversification of diets such as relying too much on starchy staples. Thus, the consumption of a variety of foods is important for positive health. Malnutrition can be reduced by the consumption of diets having animal sources, vitamin-rich fruits and vegetables as well as nutrient-rich legumes (Arimond and Ruel, 2004; Thompson and Amoroso, 2011). According to the FAO, IFAD and WFP, (2015) about 800 million people do not have sufficient access to calories. A low intake of vitamins and minerals causes about 2 billion people all over the world to suffer from micronutrient malnutrition (IFPRI, 2014). Nutritional deficiencies result in impaired physical and mental development of humans, loss of productivity, susceptibility to various diseases among others (Lim et al, 2012). They are caused not only by low quantities of food consumed but also by poor dietary diversity; as dietary diversity is a good indicator of broader nutritional status. More diverse diets are associated with lower rates of nutritional problems in many parts of the world (Popkin and Slining, 2013). As a result, to improve nutrition and health, it is important to increase dietary diversity.
Poverty can adversely affect the population in so many ways. Families living in poverty can face emotional and social challenges, cognitive lacks and health and safety issues and acute and chronic stresses. Levels of stress increase with the economic circumstances. Subsequent poverty and job loss are associated with violence in families, including child and elder abuse. These families are also more likely to be exposed to illnesses, job loss, eviction, criminal victimization and family death. Children living in constant poverty also show the worst cognitive development, compared to children from higher socio-economic backgrounds ("Hunger and poverty", 2017).
Malaria is the most common disease in third world countries with a tropical climate; the disease is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted through the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells. Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines.