What Is Maslow's Theory Of Motivation

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Motivation is the word derived from the word ’motive’ and it talks about the needs, desires, wants or drives which every individual has. It is the process of encouraging the people to work and do actions to accomplish the goals. In the work goal context the psychological factors rousing the people’s behaviour can be-
Drive towards money.
Ambition
Respect and recognition
Job satisfaction
Team work, etc One of the most important functions of management is to interest the employees and motivate them to do the best in their work. Therefore, the leader needs to arouse this interest in the employees and make them work to the best of their capabilities. Motivation is a psychological phenomenon which means that the needs and wants of an employee
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Abraham Maslow developed the Hierarchy of Needs model in 1940-50s USA, and the Hierarchy of Needs theory remains valid today for understanding human motivation, management training, and personal development. Maslow 's ideas which surround the Hierarchy of Needs concerning the responsibility of employers to provide a positive and motivating workplace environment and which enables employees to fulfil their own unique potential are today more relevant than ever. The basis of Maslow 's motivation theory is that human beings have unsatisfied needs which need to be fulfilled in order to motivate them but these needs are in a particular order and that the lower needs have to be satisfied before the higher needs. According to Maslow, there are certain basic of needs (physiological, survival, safety, love, and esteem) that need to be satisfied before a person can act unselfishly. Maslow named these terms as "deficiency needs”. As long as there is motivation in us to satisfy these needs, we are moving towards growth and…show more content…
Self-actualised people tend to have motivators such as:

Truth
Justice
Wisdom
Meaning

If Maslow 's theory is true, there are some very important leadership implications to enhance workplace motivation, and you don 't need a masters in applied psychology, for it to be evident. There are employee motivation opportunities by motivating each employee through their style of management, compensation plans, role definition, and company activities.

Physiological Motivation: Provide ample breaks for lunch and recuperation and pay salaries that allow workers to buy life 's essentials.
Safety Needs: Provide a working environment which is safe, relative job security, and freedom from threats.
Social Needs: Generate a feeling of acceptance, belonging, and community by reinforcing team dynamics.
Esteem Motivators: Recognise achievements, assign important projects, and provide status to make employees feel valued and appreciated.
Self-Actualisation: Offer challenging and meaningful work assignments which enable innovation, creativity, and progress according to

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