Convict communists were ordered to confess their crime and name others to avoid the retribution. The new decision led to a cyclone of accusations because people realized the possibility of their condemnation regardless they were guilty or innocent. Many helped that system by untrue confessions to save their lives. Miller, among others, refused to surrender to questioning. People who were revealed communists suffered greatly (Bly 2-5).
In Congress, Nixon was able to secure a Senate seat by implying that the opposing candidate was a Communist sympathizer because she voted against the HUAC. Nixon accused Alger Hiss, a convicted former spy for the Soviets, and pressed the HUAC to go further into the investigations until Alger Hiss was proven guilty. This investigation gave Nixon a national reputation and he was labeled as a young star. The views of Nixon made him acceptable to east and west in the early 1950s. However, Nixon was a man that would go to extreme lengths and tricks if it achieved political success.
In Roberts’ view, “At the height of his power in 1953, McCarthy became chairman of the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations and used the platform to make further charges of Communist spying.” (Roberts 21). Particularly, this shows the secrets the government has been hiding which leads to Americans questioning their loyalty. Moreover, this ties into Americans betraying each other because it goes to show how McCarthyism held the power to enact this action. The government 's mischievous actions led everyone not to trust them. Another reason McCarthyism was a leading cause of questioning the government’s loyalty is because of the various investigations that were held.
The Great Purge of Russia Communism is when property is publicly owned and people are paid according to their abilities. Joseph Stalin was the communist leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and a paranoid leader. He initiated the Great Purge because he feared people were plotting to remove him from power. During the Purge, his agents would torture the accused, and over half a million people would die. An explanation of how the accused died, who was targeted, and who carried out the killings will enable one to understand who was responsible and how they carried out this event.
In 1949 George Orwell wrote “1984” to epitomize the haunting life under a Dystopia created and maintained by a totalitarian regime. The novel used themes from life in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin as well as wartime in his own country of the United Kingdom. Orwell believed that democracy as it existed before 1939 would not survive the war and would be replaced by Fascist coup d’état or, and more likely, a socialist revolution with Stalinist overtones – admitting later that events had proved him wrong. In 1993, Lois Lowry wrote “The Giver” to expose the fallacy of a Utopian society where inhabitants, although well fed, healthy and seemingly happy, lack the basic freedoms and pleasures that our own society values. The novel was written
McCarthyism shed light to my eyes that there was more to Salem. Many people had ulterior motives their motives profited themselves. During McCarthyism many people had a reason not to sacrifice their career, so they accused others of communists. They did this to protect themselves. “ The FBI had long since infiltrated the Party,
Stalin was the dictator of the Soviet Union. According to Wikipedia Stalin ruled from the 1920s – 1950s. He made Russia into a communist country. Although they both wanted to address corruption in their communities, Peggy and Stalin ruled very differently because of the way they treated their people, and how they made decisions for them. One of the ways that Peggy and
For one, I’m sure many who held the same political opinion as Wells thought he was insane, as Hitler was purging the government of anyone who didn’t align with his ideologies. Secondly, many probably considered him brave and heroic, as all 94 SPD member voted to against the act. Today, I would imagine this is the sentiment that follows, considering the repercussions that followed within the next seven years. On the other hand, the opposing parties, such as the NSDAP and the old elites, more than likely considered this propaganda to halt their “socialist” revolution. With that being said, Wells went into exile, like many other of his fellow social democrats, and were in fact deprived of their
Imagine the wicked House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) arrest an innocent man. The HUAC does not arrest the man because he has committed a murder, but because he is a communist. This horrendous crime was a routine in the Red Scare crisis of the 1950s. Since this situation involves one's rights to be in threat, the man should speak out for his freedom. Many communists in America made the right decision to speak out for their freedom during the period of the McCarthy “witch” hunts.
The Red Scare was intimidating and shocking and Americans did not want that to spread by nativism to take over the U.S (Doc 1). Bolshevism was thought to drag down civilization in a mess caused by WWI (Doc 7). Bolsheviks were causing negativity in America, caused strikes and negatively influenced the social ideas of Americans (Doc 8). The spread of communism caused Americans to come together and show what kind of nation they really are. Patriotism and nationalism arose to counter other beliefs and immigrant biases.
McCarthy’s attacks soon began threatening national security, causing Hoover to perform damage control (184). “Senator McCarthy’s attacks were scattershot, but on occasion, when the Bureau’s reports steadied his hand, his aim was true.” (183). McCarthy’s accusations and investigations caused people to be fired, and some committed suicide during investigations. The majority of McCarthy’s attacks came straight from FBI documentation (184-185). Hoover told McCarthy to stop, however the senator did not heed his warning, and started up with more attacks.