What Is Napoleon's Motivation In Lord Of The Flies

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Psychological criticism looks at either at the psychological motivations of the characters in the book or of the authors themselves. In Lord of the Flies by William Golding, Jack felt the urge to hunt, and Ralph resisted that urge. Why did Jack give in, and Ralph did not? What is the difference between these two boys that makes them act so inversely of each other? Why do they both want power, but they get that power so differently? Ralph is motivated by a desire to keep order, although he himself slips into savagery at various times, and he generally looks out for the interests of everyone, attempting to build shelters, & to keep the signal fire going. Jack is motivated at different times by a desire to be in control and a desire to kill and…show more content…
Jack in Lord of the Flies by William Golding demonstrates authority being put in the hands of evil. Napoleon from Animal Farm be George Orwell shows the power put in the hands of the immoral. Napoleon used his power to kill innocent animals. For example, Napoleon forced animals to make fake confessions as an excuse to gruesomely murder them: “And so the tale of confessions and executions went on, until there was a pile of corpses lying before Napoleon 's feet and the air was heavy with the smell of blood, which had been unknown there since the time of Jones.” (Orwell) Napoleon was motivated by power, the desire to be in control and the desire to kill. Napoleon knows that some of the other animals were trying to revolt. Although Napoleon has control over the animals, he fears that the animals that stray will eventually gain control. While the animals that rebel remain alive, they will always pose a possible threat to Napoleon 's leadership and dictatorship. The only way that Napoleon feels that he can be certain of maintaining his own authority is by removing those animals permanently, by killing them. This is almost identical to why Jack wanted to kill Ralph. For example, when Ralph, Piggy, Sam, and Eric went to talk to Jack’s tribe Jack tried to kill Ralph by throwing a spear at him and succeeded in killing Piggy by sending a boulder tumbling down a hill. William Golding explains “Viciously, with full intension, he hurled his spear at Ralph. The point tore the skin and flesh over Ralph’s ribs, then sheared off and fell in the water.” (Golding 181) Jack tried to kill Ralph so he could remove him permanently to remain in complete power without fear of Ralph taking control
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