of each juvenile. Family can determine the outcome of the choices that will be made by the children. In family the most important role is played by the parents. Most of the adolescents who show delinquent behavior have dysfunctional or negatively influenced family members. Broken families, single parent families, separated families, frequent parents fight, lack of trust and confidence among the parents, and parents with criminal or psychological pasts can contribute to juvenile delinquency. Sometimes
can also learn bad behavior such as delinquency from our family members just as we learn good behavior. According to Graham and Bowling (as cited in Cheseto, 2012) family factors which may have an influence on offending include; the level of parenting, the way parents discipline a child, parental conflict or separation, criminal parents or siblings, parental abuse or neglect and the quality of parent-child relationship.
Hagan as well as Gillis and Simpson developed the power control theory in 1985, by using micro and macro-level abstract ideas to explain delinquency in relation to gender differences (Mitchell, 2009:12). Schram and Tibbetts (2013:201) states that the power control theory presumes that gender relations in the family structure will determine the degree of delinquency and the involvement in crime between males and females. Furthermore, this theory presumes that the family structure, gender differences
Researchers outlined that a child’s temperament and reactions reflect the efforts that parents show towards their development rather than their parenting style. They indicated that the most important ingredient in a child’s development and parenting is the degree of warmth shown by parents versus rejection. It was analyzed that parental rejection has a negative effect on children from all walks of life. It is said that when the child encounters rejection (little or no attention) from parents they express