Over the past 40 years U.S. incarceration has grown at an extraordinary rate, with the United States’ prison population increasing from 320,000 inmates in 1980 to nearly 2.3 million inmates in 2013. The growth in prison population is in part due to society’s shift toward tough on crime policies including determinate sentencing, truth-in-sentencing laws, and mandatory minimums. These tough on crime policies resulted in more individuals committing less serious crimes being sentenced to serve time and longer prison sentences. The 1970s-1980s: The War on Drugs and Changes in Sentencing Policy Incarceration rates did rise above 140 persons imprisoned per 100,000 of the population until the mid 1970s. Since the mid 1970s, there have been
It is a shocking truth that privatized prisons in America are getting paid for having a certain amount of inmates filling their beds. Between 1990 and 2009, the number of private prison inmates increased by more that 1600 percent and 65 percent of all private prison contracts pay private prisons a set amount of cash per prisoner. AZ, OK, LA and VA all have contracts that require 95% to 100% occupancy in private prisons at all times. When the prisons dont meet this percentage, they have to pay. Or in some corrupt and terrible situations the prisons pay members of authority to arrest and put people in their prisons so they dont have to pay and can get more money because their beds are full.
Over the years budget crises have forced many states to re-examine budgets, starting with the cost of maintaining their prison and jail systems. The United States has the largest prison population with about two million prisoners. To try and make a plan for the large population and some budget cuts, politicians want to change some of the parole policies and are trying to get some of the criminal laws revised for some drug offenders and white collar criminals. Due to the fact that the politicians are undecided the have put work release programs and strict parole release into effect. Prison is a place for people who break the law should be detained, but if the prisoner has twelve months or less until their release date, and show that they have been
The recent laws and policy are the reasons why the prison and jail population have increased, and why people stay for longer. America has sent more people away to jails and prisons because of attitudes that shape laws and policy. The three strikes law has lots of people in prison for life that do not need to be in prison for life. Mandatory minimums are another reason that people go to prison for a longer periods of time. In the 1980’s, the expected time to serve in prison for a drug charge was an average of 22 months.
Jobs applications, Financial Aid, Public Housing, and food stamps applications often ask for citizen’s criminal records, stigmatizing those who came out of the system, robbing them of opportunities. It’s very hard to find employment, convicts are all treated the same regardless of crime. In The New Jim Crow, the author talks about how young blacks are more likely to go to jail than college due to the system of incarceration. In fact, she cites a source that explains that in 2001, there were more blacks in the Illinois state prison, then there were in the state’s public universities, on drug charges alone. So forty years after the drug war was first declared, it still goes on, normalized by the commentary in media, and stereotypes assigned to those who serve time in correctional facilities.
The increase of privatized prison allows the prisons to treat the prisoners like slaves." Our belief is that reentry begins at the time an inmate is placed in our care. To support this philosophy, we offer evidence-based programs including academics, addictions treatment, vocational training, faith-based initiatives and life skills courses" (http://www.cca.com).This statement is straight out of the CCA official website. The CCA is one of the biggest corporations to own prisons. They seem to belief that, their prisoners ' first step of reentry start with them.
In the heated discussion of college education, one controversial issue has been if the Pell Grant program for inmates would be beneficial as a whole. On the one hand, many in congress argues that a college degree will reduce the recidivism of inmates. On the other hand, some college students contend that it will reduce the amount of aid they get from Pell Grant. My own view is that there should be very strict criteria and that only a small percentage per year be given this great opportunity to receive a college education. Every semester, there are an abundant number of students who apply for Pell Grant to assist them with the costs of college.
Five of prisons in Tennessee are presently over capacity with another eight currently operating over 95% of assigned capacity (Malcolm, 2014.) “When prisons become overcrowded, there is less money and manpower to provide much-needed treatment, educational, and skills-enhancement programs in prison, and inmate-to-staff ratios can grow to levels that are unsafe for prison staff and other prisoners” (Malcolm, 2014, paragraph 11.) I believe a way to fix that issue it through using different reforms to affect the overall percentage all together. These reforms include limit sentencing, more programs, more parole and probation officers, and specialized courts. In 2014 there were 215,000 people incarcerated in federal prisons, almost half were there for drug-related offenses with the enactment of mandatory minimum sentencing laws for drug offenses in the 1980s, increasing the population by more than 800 percent (Malcolm, 2014.)
Financial aid is a government grant to help make college more affordable for everyone. Kelly, Andrew P. in the article "The Problem Is That Free College Isn’t Free." Andrew Points out, “During the  recession, enrollments boomed and the state budget for higher education took a hit. Unable to raise additional revenue through a tuition increase, California’s community colleges turned away 600,000 students” (para 3). Colleges turned away many college students because they were not able to acquire financial aid.
It was reported in 2010 that 60,000 people were arrested for prostitution (Haltiwanger). Although the police and FBI can seize prostitution websites, they cannot stop prostitution all together. It was obvious from the amount of people arrested that year that prostitution would continue despite the police trying to stop it. The crime rate would increase from the amount of people who participate in prostitution, and it only continues as more people engage in it. Many women believe that prostitution is a way to express their sexuality, so if they choose this career path, then the law should condone it.