“Take The ‘A’ Train”- Duke Ellington, 1939 Today; I am going to write a little comment, about an old song, it has two variations, which is “Take the ‘A’ train,” according to (JASON PARKER • APR 3, 2014.))) It has written by Billy Strayhorn for the Duke Ellington Orchestra. This song signature for the Duke 's name tune. Ellington is considered feasibly the best composer and dance orchestra leader in the history of jazz, having passed his big band for half a century, touring the world constantly and turning out a body of work that holds no equal. In fact, many put Ellington in the same year as Beethoven and Mozart as a composer.
George Gershwin is one of the best composes of the 1930s because of his successful compositions. After performing a show entitled “Blue Monday,” the pit leader Paul Whiteman asked Gershwin to compose a piece to heighten the genre. Supposedly, he forgot about Whiteman’s request until he saw in a newspaper that Whiteman’s concert would be premiering a new piece by Gershwin. He began to write at a frantic pace until A Rhapsody in Blue was complete. (Gershwin, Biography) This is Gershwin’s most famous and arguably his best work.
Nichele Rascoe Jazz Dance Midterm (Bob Fosse Contribution to Broadway) Robert Louis Fosse, better known as Bob Fosse, became Broadway’s leading choreographer and director during the late 1960’s into the 1970’s. Fosse grew up surrounded by theatre and dance. At a young age, he toured throughout Chicago theaters and naval bases as a dancer. In later, years Bob Fosse went into acting. Yet, his acting career was cut short due to his premature balding, causing him to turn to choreography.
After playing this folk setting several times as a piano encore, he eventually had the score published. The piece broke composition sales records and paved the way for his popularity in the future. Chorale and Alleluia by Howard Hanson (October 28, 1896 – February 26, 1981) Howard Hanson is a well-known American music theorist, composer, conductor, and educator. He has composed many pieces and received the Pulitzer prize for his fourth symphony. Besides being an established composer and conductor, he was the director of the Eastman School of Music for over forty years.
The man behind “Hi-De-Ho,” Cab Calloway was a wildly successful and popular entertainer. Rising to fame during the Big Band Era, Calloway’s image is immortalized due to his large personality, stage presence, and scat singing. Though he was most influential during the 1930s, his career lasted well into the 1980s and early 1990s. Cab Calloway was born Cabell Calloway III on December 25, 1907. His father, Cabell Calloway was a lawyer, his mother, Martha Eulalia Reed, a schoolteacher.
Lin Manuel Miranda, American author, actor, playwright, and composer, is best known for his most recent Broadway musical, Hamilton: An American Musical, which follows the life and legacy of Alexander Hamilton, one of the United States of America’s “Founding Fathers”. In this musical, Hamilton introduces himself by saying, “...There’s a million things I haven’t done, but just you wait. Just you wait” (Miranda). And while this is true of Hamilton, it is also true of Beowulf, the Geat thane who became king after defeating the monsters that plagued the Land of the Danes. Though one real and one fiction, Beowulf and Alexander Hamilton both can be viewed as ‘heroes’ through their abilities to embody the values of their time, such as generosity, dedication, and bravery.
Dizzy Gillespie got the nickname Dizzy from his zany on-stage antics his real name is John Birk Gillespie, he set a new standard for trumpet players with his innovative “jolting rhythmic shifts and ceaseless harmonic explorations” on the instrument during the 1940s, Which ushered in a new definitive change in American jazz music from swing to bebop during the 20th century and one of the prime architects of the bebop movement in jazz. Dizzy was the last of nine kids, was born in Cheraw, South Carolina, in 1917 to his father and mother James and Lottie Gillespie. His father was a bricklayer, pianist and band leader, his father kept all of his band instrument at his house, the great trumpet play was surrounded by musical instrument during his
Several American citizens experienced this. Playwright Arthur Miller saw this going on and wrote his famous award-winning play, “The Crucible”, analogizing the Salem Witch Trials and the Red Scare. Arthur Miller was a famous American playwright who was born on October 17, 1915, in Harlem, New York. Miller wrote his first play, “No Villain”, while attending the University of Michigan. The play won the school’s Avery Hopwood Award.
Known for being an all-around theatre man and a master of the Broadway musical, Jerome Robbins was known as one of the most imaginative, influential, and popular American creators of dance in the twentieth century. Robbins, in partner with his sense of innovation, was known for his skillful use of contemporary American themes and was notably praised for structuring ballets within the traditional framework of classical dance. Born originally under the Jewish surname Rabinowitz, Jerome Wilson was born on October 11, 1918 in New York, New York.. Just a few years after his birth, the Rabinowitz family migrated to the city of Weehawken in New Jersey. The Rabinowitz family built showbusiness ties to vaudeville performers and theatre alike through The Comfort Corset Company that Jerome’s father and uncle operated. He developed an early fascination with ballet and puppetry.
In 1945, however, it moved to a larger space at the Elks Lodge on West 126th Street, which was renamed as the American Negro Theatre Playhouse. Soon after its founding, the American Negro Theatre won attention and praise for its first major production, a staging of Abram Hill 's On Striver 's Row. Between 1940 and 1949, the American Negro Theatre produced a total of nineteen plays, of which twelve were based on original scripts. The 1944 production of Anna Lucasta, by white playwright Philip Yordan, became a huge success and was transferred to Broadway, where it had a successful run. This unexpected breakthrough had mixed results for the American Negro Theatre.
Michael created his own ballet, "On Stage," (1945) this was his first and only work for Ballet Theatre. His outstanding work landed him an opportunity with Broadway. Although he won a Tony Award for his choreography in E.Y. Harburg 's "Finians Rainbow," this was Michael 's first and only Broadway production. "I wanted a more rounded, more outgoing career than I could have with ballet."
Following the Todd School, Welles left for Dublin, Ireland, paying his way with a small inheritance he 'd received. There, he captivated audiences in a production of Jew Suss at the Gate Theatre. Welles convinced the producers in Dublin he was a confident Broadway Star, the young actor made his Broadway debut with his role as Tybalt in Romeo and Juliet. His performance caught the attention of director John Houseman, who cast Welles in his Federal Theatre Project. Welles and John Houseman built sort of a ‘Dynamic Duo’ creating a version of Macbeth, at the Mercury Theatre.
Marlon Brando Nebraska native Marlon Brando, born in April of 1924, was a film actor who is seen as the most powerful and influential even to this day. It was noted that the inspiration and drive of his rollercoaster ride of a career came from early acting coach Stella Adeller, who exposed him to new things such as music, literature, and theater. Brando’s first hit role came from the Broadway Production of I Remember Mama by John Van Druten in 1944 and his all time most credited role came form the production of A Streetcar Named Desiree by Tennessee Williams. This performance was so powerful that it had “brought people to their knees.” Brando went on to make tons of motion pictures—which all ranged greatly in genre—and ran into several obstacles,
It is apparent the work of Claude-Michel Schönberg, most notably Les Miserables, did much to shape Hamilton into the hit musical it is today. Miranda himself claims that his work has been heavily influenced by Schönberg—Les Miserables was the first broadway show he had ever seen. The themes, structure, and compositions can all be tied back to Schönberg’s piece developed in the 1980s. These two plays are revolutionary in both their content and their stylistic elements. While the songs of Hamilton are mostly rooted in rap and hip hop and Les Miserables is entirely classical, Schönberg’s and Miranda’s compositions bear many resemblances.
The San Diego Ballet performed Romeo and Juliet at the Old Town Temecula Theatre on October the 25th. This dance company uses music from a famous composer Sergei Prokofiev and the choreography was done by Javier Velasco. Velasco explains that his focus was centered on the two young people in love, Romeo and Juliet. He wanted to give the audience a glimpse of the first sensation of one’s true love. It was decided by Javier Velasco to select a smaller cast of colorful characters that would help bring a clear perspective between the feuding families, the entire performance lasted ninety minutes.